My BEST Dentists Journal


Signs You Need to See Your Dentist Immediately

As the saying goes "prevention is better than cure". Visiting a dentist helps prevent different types of oral health problems. It’s incredibly important to visit your dentist on a regular basis. Normally, a person has to visit a dentist for regular checkups and cleanings at least 2 times a year.

There are situations when you may need to go to a dentist immediately. You may have dental issues that require fast and effective solutions.

If such issues arise, you need to see a dental professional as soon as possible. The big question is – when is it time to see your dentist? Let’s get the answer right away!

Today, we’ll talk about the situations when it’s necessary to see a dentist Hawthorn specialist urgently. Here are the signs that you need to go to a dentist immediately. 


1) You Have Gum Problems

There are different types of gum problems. Have you noticed that your gums started bleeding?  Or, maybe, you have bright red or swollen gums? In fact, such problems can arise for various reasons.

You may have gum problems if you brush your teeth too hard. Such a situation may also arise when food gets stuck in your teeth.

Swollen, sore or inflamed gums often mean that you have a dental problem. It can be a sign that you have dental issues, such as:


bone loss

gum disease    

These types of dental problems require a quick and effective solution. Otherwise, the things will get worse. No matter what type of problem you have, don’t delay your visit to a dentist in Surrey Hills today.

Go to a dental professional if you see blood coming from your gums or if you have noticed that your gums are red or swollen.

A dental professional will analyse your gums carefully and recommend you the best treatment for your gum problems. Also, you will get recommendations that you need to follow to keep your gums healthy.

There are mild and severe forms of gum disease. It’s pretty easy to treat mild gum disease. When treating mild form of gum disease, you have to maintain good oral hygiene and visit your Tower Dental dentist regularly.

It’s more difficult to treat severe gum disease. Such a disease requires a special type of dental treatment. The treatment includes deep cleaning and scaling appointments. Also, it takes more time to treat severe gum disease.     

2) You Have Bad Breath

Bad breath is another reason why you should visit your dentist in Mont Albert. Sometimes bad breath is caused by acid reflux and nutrition problems that require changes to a diet. In this case, you need to get a consultation of a gastroenterologist.   

It’s also important to note that bad breath can be caused by a gum disease. If you find yourself in this situation, you need effective dental treatment.  

Visit a dental clinic immediately if you have bad breath. Your dentist in Camberwell will determine if your bad breath is caused by gum disease, they will then provide you with the treatment that you need.

3) Visit a Dentist during Pregnancy

Pregnancy affects oral health. Hormones change during pregnancy. So, some issues may arise while you are pregnant. There is a direct link between low baby weight and dental issues.

That’s why it’s so important to see a dentist for checkups while you are pregnant. During your visit to a dentist in Deepdene, a professional will examine your oral health carefully. If any dental problems are found during the inspection, your Tower Dental dentist will fix them.

4) You Have Dry Mouth

Saliva plays a very important role in keeping teeth healthy. Saliva lubricates the mouth and keeps it healthy. If you have enough saliva in your mouth, food particles will be washed away and acids will be neutralized.

On the other hand, dry mouth can be a big problem for oral health. That’s why you should go to a dentist in Deepdene if your mouth feels dry.

People, who take antibiotics, have a dry mouth problem. A professional will recommend you a dental treatment that works for you and allow you to restore moisture and keep your teeth healthy.

5) You Experience Toothache 

Toothache can be caused by different types of dental problems. Among the dental problems that can cause severe pain are: abscess, broken tooth, damaged filling and others.

And of course, the urgent help of a dental professional is required if you experience severe toothache.

Don’t delay a visit to a dentist. Your dentist Kew will determine the causes of tooth pain first and then solve your dental problems.

6) You Have a Broken, Cracked or Chipped Tooth

Broken, cracked or chipped tooth is an unpleasant look. It’s a problem that needs to be fixed quickly and efficiently. A problematic tooth has to be replaced as soon as possible. Go to a dentist and get a treatment immediately.

7) Your Filling or Dental Crown Has Fallen Off

As you probably know, the main goal of fillings and dental crowns is to protect teeth from infections. Fillings and dental crowns help prevent different types of dental problems.

Let’s say that your filling or dental crown has been lost. If this unpleasant situation happens, you need to get immediate dental help. In this case, a dental filling or dental crown has to be replaced.

We have just described some situations when it’s necessary to visit a dentist immediately. Do you have one of these symptoms?

by Tower Dental

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Signs You Could Have an Oral Infection

our dentist has expertise in detecting many signs of oral infection, and a semi-annual dental exam is the best opportunity to leverage it. Some infections or severities of infection qualify as a dental emergency. But what kind of infection you have counts. If you develop any of the following symptoms, you should call in and ask about the case and severity of your infection!


Fever is a sign of infection, and it’s a common bodily response when your immune system detects a virus or other microbe. But fever can result from your immune system detecting foreign bodies elsewhere, not just your mouth. Oral infections should give off several more symptoms on top of fever, many of them visible in your mouth.


With infection comes inflammation, your immune system’s response to foreign bodies. When it comes to the naturally occurring bacteria in your mouth, a little is fine. But as this type of bacteria thrives, it produces plaque. Plaque is the acidic waste product of this type of organism, and the toxins within it trigger inflammation in your gums.

Early reaction to plaque amounts to gingivitis. If nothing is done, gingivitis can worsen and become gum disease. Gum disease (periodontitis) is extensive gum inflammation, leading to receding gum lines, and even loose teeth as inflammation penetrates deeper and begins to affect your bone.

To recover from these conditions, excellent dental hygiene forms the most important factor. Brushing and flossing daily are your first line of defence, as are consistent dental cleanings!


Cavities are a sign plaque has burned through your enamel. If cavities make it to the fleshy inner part of your teeth, it can develop into an abscess, requiring root canals and dental crowns to deal with the inner infection. While fillings can solve the problem of cavities near the surface, the effects of tooth decay quickly morph into infection when they reach the center of your teeth.


Tooth pain could be a sign of many things but, if the inner part of your teeth become home to bacteria, infection can set in. There are a couple of common ways we see this happen in our patients:

Tooth decay

Broken or cracked teeth

Each can lead to abscess, a serious bacterial infection. Abscess can happen in other places within the body, but within your teeth, they can become unusually painful. The inner parts of your teeth have very sensitive nerve endings, so pain there could result from infection. At this point, a root canal and a crown for each infected tooth might be your best hope.


Infection reaching near the roots of your teeth can manifest as gum discolouration. The perfect shade of gums might be rare, but if one spot is a dark shade and appears more discoloured than usual, infection near a tooth’s root might be the cause. Discolouration tends to indicate restricted blood flow or infiltrated plaque deep within affected teeth. It might take antibiotics to clear it, but if there’s decay causing the infection, a root canal and a crown might be required.


Swollen gums can also reflect infection at a tooth’s root. There might also be signs of inflammation, but it mostly demonstrates disjointed blood flow between root blood vessels and the pulp chambers of your teeth. This type of swelling can become more and more noticeable as time goes by. If left untreated, abscess can worsen and make a root canal necessary. 


Swelling on the head and neck can indicate complications of a worsening abscess, as the infectious fluids enter your bloodstream. Chances are, if you’ve reached this stage, you have many other warning signs that should give you all the warning you need. At this stage of infection, your health could be in danger. 


Trouble swallowing or breathing can indicate that the swelling is more internal than external. But either way, it indicates advanced complications of abscess, where the inflammation reaches past your mouth and into your head and neck. It could go hand in hand with swelling on the head and neck.



Unpleasant taste is another symptom related to abscess, the presence of pus deposits that haven’t broken.  But not all cases of infection are due to bacteria. Just as there are other microbes out in the wild, there could be several other microorganisms causing you oral infection.


One example is thrush, an oral fungus, where a loss of taste and smell might replace an unpleasant one. Medical treatments like antibiotics, chemotherapy, and radiation can trigger outbreaks. In case of thrush, unsweetened yogurt or acidophilus can help restore your mouth’s normal bacteria.


Another example are blisters forming at the back of your throat, leading to burst ulcers, easy caused by herpangina. This infection is caused by Coxsackie virus, Enterovirus, and Echovirus. Pimples on your gums could be a sign of internally leaking infected fluids moving within your gums. They tend to form at the back of your mouth and they can last 3-5 days, typically.

Signs of infection can seem overt, but they might also be a little subtle. After all, gum disease is a bodily reaction to out of control bacteria in your mouth—with the kind of inflammation you might expect from unusual infections. In case of abscess of your teeth, a root canal is your best bet. But other infections may require medications, surgeries, or special treatments.


by Markham Denta Smiles

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Most Common Dental Problems and How to Prevent Them

One way to help achieve and preserve overall well-being is maintaining good oral health. This is because oral health issues can harm people’s quality of life. These conditions range from dental decay to gum disease, and can be inconvenient, painful, and expensive to treat. The good news is that with adequate care and oral hygiene habits, the majority of dental issues may be avoided.

Tooth Decay

Dental cavities happen when oral bacteria generate acids that erode the tooth enamel, which can result in increased tooth sensitivity, discomfort, and decay.

Prevention: Limit the consumption of sweet and acidic foods and beverages, brush your teeth twice a day, and floss daily to eliminate plaque from in between your teeth. Visit your dentist every six months for checkups and professional cleanings too.

Gum Disease

Periodontal disease, often known as gum disease, is an infection of the gum tissues that support the teeth. If left untreated, it can occur due to plaque buildup which can result in inflammation, gum recession, and even tooth loss.

Prevention: Practice good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing daily, using an antibacterial mouthwash, eating a balanced diet, avoiding tobacco products, and scheduling regular dental cleanings and check-ups.

Oral Cancer

Cancer that grows in the mouth or throat is referred to as oral cancer. If not identified and treated promptly, it can be fatal. Some symptoms of oral cancer include ulcers, growths, or abnormal patches in the oral cavity.

Prevention: Avoid tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, limit sun exposure to the lips, maintain a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and visit your dentist regularly for oral cancer screenings.

Cracked or Chipped Tooth

A cracked or chipped tooth can happen for a number of reasons, including trauma, teeth grinding, or biting on hard objects. It may result in pain, sensitivity, and structural damage to the tooth.

Prevention: Avoid biting on hard objects like ice or hard candies, wear a mouthguard during sports activities, practice proper oral hygiene to maintain strong teeth, and visit your dentist if you have bruxism (teeth grinding) to prevent tooth damage.

Tooth Sensitivity

The discomfort or soreness that is felt after ingesting hot or cold meals and beverages is referred to as tooth sensitivity. It may be brought on by gum recession, exposed tooth roots, or degradation of tooth enamel.

Prevention: Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and gentle brushing technique, avoid acidic foods and beverages, use desensitizing toothpaste, maintain good oral hygiene, and consult your dentist to determine the cause and appropriate treatment for your tooth sensitivity.

Bad Breath

Halitosis, or bad breath, can be brought on by a number of problems, including poor dental hygiene, gum disease, dry mouth, and even some medical disorders. It may have a substantial effect on social relations and self-confidence.

Prevention: Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly, cleaning your tongue, staying hydrated, avoiding tobacco products, limiting foods with strong odours, and visit your dentist to rule out any underlying dental issues causing bad breath.

Remember that treating dental issues requires early discovery and timely treatment. It is crucial to speak with a dentist near you if you have any symptoms or concerns about your dental health in order to receive an accurate diagnosis and the best course of action. You may have a healthy and beautiful smile by emphasizing preventative care and taking care of dental concerns as soon as they arise.

by Crescent Heights Dental Clinic

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What is Perio Breath? - Gum Disease And Bad Breath

Have you ever noticed a friend's bad breath while conversing with them? It's possible their breath wasn't the result of too much garlic at lunch, but rather something more serious. When you have a condition called perio breath, problems with your gums may contribute to bad odours in your mouth. Here's how gum disease and bad breath are connected and what you can do to prevent both of these oral issues.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

According to the Indian Dental Association, periodontitis (also called periodontal or gum disease) is a bacterial infection that destroys the supporting structures that hold your teeth in place. Gum disease may start as early as adolescence, though periodontitis is more common after the age of 30. If you have any of the below symptoms, it's a good idea to make an appointment with your dentist to check your gum health:

Bleeding, swollen or tender gums

Sensitive or loose teeth

Receding gums or teeth that appear longer

Pain when chewing or a misaligned bite

Bad breath

In its early stage, known as gingivitis, the damage to your gums may be reversible. However, once you've developed the more serious form of gum disease known as periodontitis, the breakdown of your gum tissues is irreversible.

The Connection Between Periodontitis and Bad Breath

According to the Indian Dental Association, Bad breath referred to as halitosis, is an unpleasant odour of the breath. Bad breath is caused by the decay of food particles that are not removed from the mouth by brushing and flossing. Oral bacteria use these particles as food and they produce waste that in many instances are compounds of sulphur. This is what produces the foul odour. Dental issues, such as gum disease or infection, can contribute to bad breath and make the issue more pronounced.

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology notes that halitosis or bad breath is an oral health condition characterised by unpleasant odours emanating consistently from the oral cavity. The origin of halitosis may be related both to systemic and oral conditions, but a large percentage of cases, about 85%, are generally related to an oral cause. Causes include certain foods, poor oral health care, improper cleaning of dentures, dry mouth, tobacco products and medical conditions. Oral causes are related to deep carious lesions, periodontal disease, oral infections among others, and, mainly, tongue coating.

According to the Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, microbial putrefaction of food debris, cells, saliva, blood leads to production of volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs) that cause bad breath. Its oral cause includes disease, pathologic condition or malfunction of oral tissues. If the patient has developed periodontitis because of extensive plaque build-up, their perio breath can increase in severity.

A research study published in the IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences notes that the intensity of clinical halitosis has been revealed to be considerably associated with the amount of intraoral volatile sulphur compounds level and directly with periodontal health status. .

Treatment for Gum Disease and Perio Breath

According to the Indian Dental Association, periodontitis (also called periodontal or gum disease) is a bacterial infection that destroys the supporting structures that hold your teeth in place. Its treatment can be Scaling and Root Planing. Scaling involves removal of infected deposits like plaque, calculus and stains from the surface of teeth. While root planing removes roughened cementum and surface dentin that is impregnated with calculus, microorganisms and their toxins. Your dental specialist may also prescribe antimicrobial medications to control bacteria in the mouth. In more severe periodontal cases, you may need gum flap surgery or bone or tissue grafts to replace the oral structures lost to periodontal disease.

eDantSeva explains that Halitosis is perception of a bad odour / smell from the mouth, and you should seek medical consultation to treat the underlying systemic cause. Strengthening your oral care routine with tongue scrapers or mouthwash may be a good idea.

The good news is that maintaining a strong and consistent oral care routine will lower your risk of both gum disease and halitosis. Ensure that you follow these steps to keep your oral care in tip-top shape:

Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.

Floss once every day.

See your dentist for regular check-ups and ask about additional products to help control bacteria build-up in the mouth, such as a mouthrinse.

Sticking to a good oral hygiene routine will help you feel more confident not only about your breath, but also about the overall health of your mouth.

by Colgate

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Signs To Identify Dental Problems Before They Become Worse

Your body has a way of sending you signals when it needs help. A headache is often the first indication of dehydration. Fatigue could be a sign of sleep apnea. As long as you pay attention to the messages your body provides, you can identify and reverse problems before they take control of your body.

Your oral health is no exception! We tend to think of our mouth as a separate entity from our body, but the truth is that oral health and general wellness are closely linked together. If you have an unhealthy mouth, these signals are trying to let you know. 

Bad Breath… All Day Long!

Chronic bad breath, also known as halitosis, can develop for a few different reasons, but the main trigger is poor oral health. 

As soon as you eat or drink, food particles breakdown all around your teeth. If you don’t brush and floss regularly to remove food remnants, they accumulate into a thick coating of plaque that spreads over your teeth, tongue, and gums. Odor-causing bacteria thrives inside this plaque and emits the foul odor we call “bad breath”. 

Your eating habits have the power to reduce or aggravate bad breath because they directly influence the types of particles that cover your mouth until the next time you brush and floss. 

Bad breath sounds like it would be easy to identify, but many people can’t assess the odor of their own mouths. If you suspect that halitosis is influencing your oral health, you can ask a close friend or spouse to check your breath and give honest feedback. You can also perform a breath test yourself by licking your wrist, giving the saliva time to dry, and then smelling it. 

Your oral hygiene habits set the pace for your mouth health. If you’ve been slacking on your brushing and flossing, you can begin to improve your oral hygiene habits with these techniques:

Brush and floss at least twice a day

Scrape your tongue each morning with a tongue scraper

Replace your toothbrush every two to three months

Start oil pulling

Drink plenty of water

These simple yet effective steps will prevent bacteria from building up and generating a foul odor. 

Sensitivity to Hot and Cold Foods and Drinks

The sensation caused by sensitive teeth is nearly impossible to describe, but there’s no mistaking that awful zinging feeling whenever you drink something too cold or hot. In addition to the pain it causes, sensitivity is also a sign of an unhealthy mouth. 

Factors like brushing too hard, overuse of acidic beverages like soda and coffee, and excessive use of whitening products all expose tiny canals that lead right to your dental nerves. As soon as anything hot or cold reaches the nerves, you experience a “zing”. 

Gum disease is also known to cause severe tooth sensitivity since gums recede from the teeth and lose their support system. If you have gum disease, you also probably have excessive plaque in your mouth, which also erodes tooth enamel and exposes nerve endings. 

There are a few ways to treat sensitivity teeth, but it’s important to ask for your dentist’s advice before you choose:

Desensitizing toothpaste

In-office fluoride treatment

White fillings or crowns

Root canal

Laser gum therapy

Chronic Sinus Infections From an Unhealthy Mouth

The bacteria that live in your mouth and gut are responsible for maintaining balanced immune responses throughout your body. This means that the health of your mouth directly impacts the strength of your immune system.

If you always seem to be coming down with a cold or sinus infection, that could be your body’s way of sending SOS messages  Anything that harms or alters the microbiota communities in your mouth or digestive system has the potential to trigger immune dysfunction that leads to chronic sinus infections. 

Improving your unhealthy mouth will create a direct improvement on your sinuses as well. 

Dry Mouth

You have three main salivary glands and hundreds of minor salivary glands that are responsible for producing saliva in your mouth. Saliva is essential to the health of your teeth and gums, so when you develop dry mouth, it puts our oral health in danger.

Consider the roles that saliva performs:

Neutralizes acids in the mouth

Washes away food debris, bacteria, and other lingering toxins

Keeps the mouth moist and hydrated, even while eating dry foods or exercising

Breaks food down with enzymes and carries it from the mouth to the gut.

Bombarding your mouth with potent sugars and acids all day, every day compromises your mouth’s ability to produce saliva. This leads to a dry, unhealthy mouth.

Remain alert for these possible dry mouth symptoms:

Chronic bad breath

Cracked lips and inner cheeks

Difficulty tasting foods

Pain and inflammation on the tongue

Frequent tooth decay

Trouble speaking, swallowing, and chewing

The feeling of sticky or stringy saliva

Dry mouth can be treated in a few different ways. The first step is to improve your general oral health with more frequent brushing, flossing, and dental appointments. Adjust your diet to nutritious, wholesome foods, and switch to medications that don’t cause the side effect of dry mouth. If those changes still don’t resolve your dry mouth, ask your dentist about other professional treatments. 

Tooth Discoloration From an Unhealthy Mouth

Poor oral care is a common cause of tooth discoloration. If you fail to brush and floss regularly, it’s all too easy for bacteria, acid, and plaque to accumulate and harden into tartar. Plaque and tartar both create an unsightly yellow coating around your teeth that leads to other issues like bad breath, decay, and tooth loss. 

Fortunately, it can all be avoided with better oral hygiene! The simple actions of brushing, flossing, and visiting your dentist twice a year help prevent discoloration before it begins.  

Digestive Issues

The mouth is so much more than another part of the body. It’s where everything begins. There’s a direct and powerful link between oral health and whole body wellness.

As the entry point to the digestive system, the condition of your mouth directly influences your gastrointestinal health. This explains why poor oral health is shown to contribute to inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. 

When an unhealthy mouth becomes overwhelmed by pathogens, oral bacteria can constantly move into the gut and trigger serious complications. Some strains of bacteria found in unhealthy saliva are even resistant to antibiotics and believed to trigger intense gut inflammation. 

by Ablantis Dental

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Unveiling the Dentist’s Duties: Top 5 Tasks

Are you someone who dreads going to the dentist? Maybe it’s the sound of the drill or the fear of a cavity filling. But have you ever thought about all the things that your dentist does for you? A good dentist is not just someone who fills cavities; they play an important role in keeping your teeth, gums, and overall health in check. In this blog post, we’ll explore five essential tasks that dentists perform to keep our pearly whites shining bright! So sit back, relax (we promise no drills), and let’s dive into what exactly your dentist does during those routine visits.

Examines teeth

One of the primary functions of a dentist is to examine teeth. During a dental exam, the dentist will look at every tooth in your mouth and check for any signs of decay or damage. They may also take X-rays to get a better view of what’s going on beneath the surface.

The examination process usually involves using various tools, such as mirrors and probes, to inspect each tooth individually. The dentist will be looking for things like cavities, cracks, chips, discolorations, and other abnormalities that could indicate an underlying issue.

In addition to checking your teeth themselves, a thorough dental exam may also include an examination of your gums and soft tissues inside your mouth. This can help identify issues like gum disease or oral cancer before they become more serious.

Regular dental exams are crucial for maintaining good oral health. By catching potential problems early on, dentists can help prevent more significant issues from developing down the line. So next time you’re due for a checkup with your dentist, don’t skip it!

Teaches dental hygiene

One of the key roles of a dentist is to educate their patients on proper dental hygiene. This includes teaching them how to brush and floss effectively as well as what foods to avoid to maintain healthy teeth and gums.

Regular dental checkups are important for maintaining optimal oral health, but it’s equally important for individuals to take responsibility for their dental care at home. A dentist can only do so much during a routine cleaning or exam; it’s up to the patient to practice good daily habits that will prevent future problems.

Dental hygienists often work alongside dentists to teach patients about oral health. They may demonstrate proper brushing techniques or provide tips on how to remove food particles from hard-to-reach areas of the mouth.

In addition, dentists may recommend specific products, such as toothbrushes or mouthwash, that can enhance a patient’s oral hygiene routine. By providing personalized recommendations based on individual needs and concerns, dentists help empower their patients with the knowledge they need to maintain healthy teeth and gums for life.

Educating patients about dental hygiene is just one aspect of a dentist’s job, but it’s an essential one that plays a critical role in promoting long-term oral health.

Performs cleanings

When it comes to maintaining good oral health, regular dental cleanings are a must. This is where the dentist plays a crucial role in keeping your teeth and gums healthy.

During a cleaning appointment, the dentist or hygienist will use special tools to remove plaque and tartar buildup from your teeth. They will also polish your teeth for that shiny finish you love.

But it’s not just about removing debris from your mouth. During this time, the dentist will also examine your overall oral health, looking for any signs of gum disease or other issues.

It’s important to note that even with regular brushing and flossing at home, there are areas of the mouth that can be difficult to reach on our own. This is why professional cleanings every six months are recommended by dentists.

In addition to providing a thorough cleaning, the dentist may also offer advice on how to improve your daily dental routine. By following their recommendations and scheduling regular appointments, you can keep your smile healthy for years to come.

Installs dentures

When we hear the term “dentures,” most of us immediately picture a set of false teeth that elderly people wear. While it is true that dentures are often required by those who have lost some or all of their natural teeth due to age or other factors, they can also be used in other situations.

Dentures are essentially prosthetic devices designed to replace missing teeth. They come in two types: partial and complete. Partial dentures may be recommended if you still have some healthy natural teeth left, while complete dentures will be necessary if you have no remaining natural teeth.

The installation process for dentures involves several steps. First, your dentist will take measurements and impressions of your mouth to ensure an accurate fit for your new dental appliance. Then, any remaining natural teeth will need to be extracted if necessary before the final fitting and adjustments can be made.

Once the denture device is installed, it may take some time to get used to wearing it. You may experience discomfort during this period, but don’t worry – your dentist will guide you on how best to adjust and care for your new prosthetics.

Installing dentures requires careful attention from a skilled dental professional who can assess each patient’s unique needs and recommend the right type of device for optimal results.

Determines necessary dental treatment

When you visit a dentist, one of the most important tasks they perform is determining what kind of dental treatment you need. This involves assessing your oral health and identifying any issues that may require attention.

The first step in this process is conducting a thorough examination of your teeth and gums. The dentist will look for signs of decay, gum disease, or other problems that could affect your oral health.

Based on their findings, they may recommend further diagnostic tests, such as X-rays or scans, to get a more detailed view of your teeth and jawbone. This information helps them develop an accurate diagnosis and determine the best course of action.

Once the dentist has identified any issues with your oral health, they will discuss treatment options with you. These can range from simple procedures like fillings or cleanings to more complex treatments such as root canals or orthodontic work.

It’s up to you to decide which treatments are right for you based on factors like cost, recovery time, and personal preferences. However, by working closely with your dentist to determine necessary dental treatment early on, you can help prevent serious oral health problems down the line.

The bottom line is that dentists do much more than just examine teeth. They play a crucial role in teaching patients about proper dental hygiene, performing cleanings to prevent oral diseases, and installing dentures for those who need them. Moreover, they are responsible for determining necessary dental treatment, which can aid in preventing future problems. By taking care of our teeth regularly and visiting the dentist at least twice a year, we can maintain healthy teeth throughout our lives. So make sure you visit your dentist regularly to keep your pearly whites shining!

by Perfect Smile Tulsa

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How Do You Clean Your Tongue?

Do you maintain good oral healthcare? You brush in the morning and at night and you floss every day. Your smile looks beautiful and white, and your gums are healthier than ever. There are a lot of steps you can incorporate in your oral healthcare routine, but there’s one you could be forgetting: cleaning your tongue.

Without your tongue, you wouldn’t be able to eat, speak, or taste food properly. This major mouth feature plays a huge role in our daily lives, but we rarely pay it any mind. Keep reading to learn how to clean your tongue properly and why it’s important from a trusted dentist.

Why is Cleaning My Tongue Important?

Just like debris can build up on and in between your teeth and gums, your tongue can also harbor bacteria. If the bacteria aren’t removed, they will harden into tartar which can only be removed by a professional dentist.

Your tongue is covered in little bumps called papillae. These little bumps collect bacteria, dead skin, and food particles. Not cleaning your tongue can result in bad breath and white discoloration. Your tongue can also redeposit bacteria onto your teeth even after you brush and floss, creating more plaque and tartar buildup. Cleaning your tongue should be a part of your daily oral healthcare to keep your mouth protected.

How Do I Clean My Tongue Properly?

Now that you know why it’s important, you should know how to clean your tongue the best way possible. When you’re done brushing your teeth, use your toothbrush to gently brush your tongue. This should be done after brushing, but before rinsing out your mouth so you can use the toothpaste residue to clean. You can brush your tongue, inside of your cheeks, and roof of the mouth to get all around protection from your toothpaste.

If you think you need a more thorough tongue cleaning, try a tongue scraper. This is a tool that can be bought at most drug stores and it is designed to glide on the top of your tongue, scraping away food and bacteria that get caught on the surface. To use the scraper correctly, stick your tongue out and slide the scraper from back to front. If you still see debris on your tongue, rinse your scraper and repeat your cleaning.

Maintaining proper oral healthcare is vital to your smile and your overall health. Now, you can add cleaning your tongue to your daily routine for more protection against dental issues and bacteria. Your tongue is the reason you can talk, chew, swallow, and taste all your favorite foods so make sure you’re cleaning it to keep it healthy!

by Dental Partners Of Newburyport

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Five Things You Might Be Missing in Your Oral Healthcare Routine

We all want to have beautiful, bright, and healthy smiles. While regular dentist visits are certainly part of that, having a good oral healthcare routine at home is crucial. If you’re brushing and flossing regularly, you’re a step ahead of the game—but are you using the proper techniques? What else could you be missing? If you’re like most dental patients, you’re probably missing quite a bit.

There are plenty of factors at play when it comes to oral hygiene, and most people tend to stop at brushing and flossing. If you want your mouth to be as healthy as possible, you’ll need to take a more comprehensive approach. Let’s look at a few simple, often-overlooked ways to enhance your oral health.

1. Drinking water

Did you know that drinking water can have a direct impact on how healthy your teeth and gums are? Water helps flush away bacteria and food particles throughout the day, decreasing the opportunity for cavities and tooth decay. If your community adds fluoride to the drinking water, you also get the benefit of added enamel strength to create a protective barrier for your teeth. For those who suffer from dry mouth, drinking water regularly is crucial to supplementing saliva production to avoid bad breath, sores, tooth decay, and gum disease.

2. Applying the right brushing technique

Using the proper brushing technique starts by holding your toothbrush at a slight angle—not directly parallel to your teeth. With the bristles aimed toward the line where your tooth meets your gum, brush in slow, small circles, moving up and down. Make sure you are using the right kind of pressure for your toothbrush bristles (don’t brush too hard if you have firmer bristles, since this can cause your gums to become irritated).

3. Cleaning your toothbrush

When is the last time you thought about cleaning your toothbrush? Do you set it on the counter after brushing without giving it a second thought? Cleaning your toothbrush is a great way to ensure that you aren’t letting bacteria, mold, or yeast invade your mouth. Rinse your toothbrush under running water after brushing, and make sure to store it off the counter, in the open air. Keeping the bristles covered (such as in a travel toothbrush container) could encourage harmful bacteria growth.

4. Using mouthwash

Mouthwash may feel like a frivolous addition to your shopping cart, but it actually has a lot of benefits for your oral health. Using mouthwash after you brush at night can help remineralize your teeth, supporting enamel strength and creating a barrier against bacteria, plaque, and decay. Mouthwashes can also seep into hard-to-reach areas that might be missed while brushing and flossing, ensuring that your mouth is as clean as possible before bed.

5. Flossing correctly

Even if you’re flossing every day, there’s a good chance that you aren’t doing it correctly. To get the best results while flossing, you should:

Floss before you brush to loosen plaque and free any food debris

Make sure to cut off enough floss; you should be using anywhere between 12–18 inches each time

Use gentle, slow, circular motions to avoid damaging your gums

Curve the floss into a C shape along your gum line to remove hidden bacteria and plaque

Establishing a comprehensive oral healthcare routine does take some extra effort, but the end result is more than worthwhile—a healthy, beautiful smile that you can be proud of for years to come. Use these tips to take your oral health routine.

by Caputo Dental

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Put Your Oral Health First: Nine Tips for Choosing the Best Dentist

Although regular brushing and flossing are ideal ways to maintain your oral health, the best way to keep your mouth healthy is to attend checkups with a dentist. Regular checkups help ensure the cleanliness of your teeth and gums, which improves your overall health and keeps you safe from disease.

If you’ve moved to a new city or you just haven’t found a dentist you trust, it can be overwhelming to try and navigate the sea of dentist offices when your teeth are in need of a cleaning. Every office claims to have the best dentist services, so how do you choose the right one?

Luckily, there are ways to find the perfect dentist for you. In this article, we’re going to share the most important things to consider when choosing a dentist. Just keep on reading to find out what they are!

1. Get Recommendations

One of the best ways to learn about a great dentist is by word-of-mouth. Ask your friends, family, and coworkers about which dentists they use, and find out which ones offer the kind of services you need.

Create a physical or digital list of potential dentists, and then conduct your research from there. Don’t be shy to call each office and ask them any questions you might have.

2. Research Credentials

It’s crucial that the dentist you choose has board certification. This ensures that you’re getting a dentist with all the proper training, skills, and experience to provide you with the best healthcare possible. Board certification also confirms that the dentist has no malpractice claims or disciplinary actions.

To find out about a dentist’s medical education, training, and all other certifications and credentials, you can search them up on state websites.

3. Experience Matters

It might be obvious, but the more experience a dentist has makes them better equipped to handle regular and emergency procedures. While this doesn’t mean you should automatically write of newer dentists, it’s important to keep in mind that professionals that have been in the field longer may be able to provide you with better service.

If you have a specific condition or are interested in a certain procedure, don’t be afraid to ask a dentist about their experience with it. How many patients have they seen with your condition? How do they handle patients with dental anxiety?

4. Read Reviews

Another great way to find beloved dentists is to read patient reviews. Whether they are good reviews or bad reviews, reading about what previous patients have to say about the dentist and procedures speaks volumes about the quality of the office.

If a certain dentist racks up glowing reviews, they might be worth giving a visit! On the other hand, a dentist’s office with poor reviews won’t be worth your time and you should keep on looking for your perfect match.

5. Know About Costs and Insurance

In order to reap the most dental insurance benefits, it’s important that you select a dentist that participates in your insurance plan. This will ensure that you pay as little out-of-pocket as possible during your visits, which saves you money in the end.

If you don’t have dental insurance, you will need to contact your prospective dentist’s office and let them give you information regarding costs and fees.

6. Understand Available Treatments

Not every dentist’s office is made equally. Some dentists offer treatments and procedures that others do not, so it’s vital that you understand what is offered before you make a decision.

For instance, if you’re interested in a product like Invisalign, you should be aware of the fact that not every dentist is certified to apply them. So if there is something specific that you’re looking for, always make sure that the dentist offers it.

7. Keep Location in Mind

How important is the dentist’s location to you? Some patients are willing to spend a long time during the commute to their appointments while others prefer an office within five minutes of their home or workplace.

If you have a less demanding schedule, maybe location isn’t too much of a deal-breaker for you. 

8. Research Emergency Care

Anybody can have a dental emergency, and if you or a family member has one, you’ll want your dentist to be able to provide you with the immediate care you need.

Check with your prospective dentist to find out about their flexibility when it comes to emergency care. Some offices have flexible after hours while others can book weekend appointments for patients.

It’s always best to choose a dentist who will be able to treat you if you ever do have a dental emergency. Better safe than sorry!

9. Ask About Dental Technology

Today, dental procedures are streamlined by high-quality, innovative technology that creates a better experience for the patient. Before you decide on a dentist, make sure that they are invested in keeping the latest, up-to-date dental tools and technologies so that they can deliver the best experience to you.

After all, nobody really looks forward to a dental procedure, but the quality of the technology can make it smoother and less unpleasant. However, some practices that offer these technologies may end up costing you more.

Now You Know How To Choose the Best Dentist

Now that you are aware of these tips to help you choose the best dentist, you can do so with confidence. No matter which dentist you decide to go with, the most important thing is that you’re comfortable and that you receive the high-quality service you deserve. Stay smiling!

by Willow Creek Way

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How bacteria’s in your calculus can cause you general health issues?

Dental plaque is a known risk factor for developing gingivitis and other general health issues. However, when plaque build-up in your mouth, it can turn into an even greater threat to your dental and overall health, known as calculus. Calculus creates a conducive environment for dental bacteria, and its action can pose a severe threat to your general health.

Fortunately, there are ways to minimize the risk of developing these dental bacteria-related health problems. One of the most effective methods is a regular scale and clean. In this blog post, we will discuss how bacteria in your calculus can cause you general health issues and how regular scale and clean can help avoid those issues.

What is Calculus?

First things first, it is important to understand what calculus is before discussing some of its negative effects on general health. Simply stated, calculus is calcified bacterial plaque that forms on the teeth’ enamel and below the gum line. Calculus cannot be removed by normal brushing and flossing. One will need to see the dentist for its removal.

How can bacteria in your calculus cause you general health issues?

• Stroke

Stroke is one of the leading causes of death globally. It is caused by a number of factors, including high blood pressure, cholesterol, and age. However, one of the most important risk factors for stroke is dental bacteria.Dental bacteria can damage arteries in your neck and brain. They can also cause inflammation, which can lead to artery blockages.

• Heart Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in Australia and across the world. There are several factors that can heighten your risk of developing heart disease, including smoking, being overweight, and having high cholesterol levels. Dental bacteria can also play a role in increasing your risk for heart disease.

It can cause inflammation and infection in the heart. Inflammation can lead to atherosclerosis, which is a plaque build-up on the inside of arteries. A build-up of plaque can block blood flow to and from the heart and cause a heart attack.

• Respiratory Illnesses

The bacteria on calculus can easily travel from the mouth to the lungs aggravating the respiratory system. This can lead to complications such as infection, pneumonia, and bronchitis.

• Pregnancy Complications

There are a number of pregnancy complications that can be caused by dental bacteria. These can include pre-term birth, low birth weight, and even stillbirth. In some cases, the infection can go ahead and spread to the baby’s brain and cause serious problems. If you’re pregnant, it’s vital to talk to your dentist about your risk factors for dental bacterial infections and how to protect yourself from them.

How regular scale and clean can help avoid general health issues?Oral health is a vital part of life, and it’s important to ensure your teeth are healthy. Everyone should practice brushing and flossing daily. However, apart from brushing and flossing on a daily basis, it is vital to have a scale and clean at least twice a year. It helps remove plaque and calculus and thus prevents severe general health issues, as discussed above.

Here are some of the benefits of Scale and Clean:

• Plaque Removal

Professional dental scales and cleaning can help to remove plaque and bacteria that can cause tooth decay, gum disease, and other general health problems. It also helps to restore your teeth’s natural color and clarity. It is quite difficult to remove plaque from your mouth, and that is why you need a dental scale and clean.

• Calculus Removal

Unlike plaque, calculus is hard and cannot be removed by brushing and flossing at all. You will require a dental scale and clean to remove it. The dentist has special dental tools that can reach every nook and cranny of your teeth and remove plaque. When you leave calculus to sit on your teeth and below the gum line, it means you are giving bacteria a chance to thrive. And apart from these bacteria ruining your smile, they might also bring you some general health complications.

• Protects Your General Health

Professional dental scaling and cleaning can help protect your overall health. Removing harmful bacteria and debris from your teeth and gums can help reduce the risk of tooth decay, gum disease, and other general health issues.

Bottom Line

There you have it; dental hygiene is a very important part of your life. Poor dental hygiene can lead to calculus formation, which in turn can damage your oral and general health. Therefore, it is important to visit your dental professional at least twice a year for a dental scale and cleaning.

by Springvale Dental

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How Do Tooth Extractions Help You Avoid Future Oral Health Issues?

You may have heard that tooth extractions in Elm Grove are often used to help prevent more serious dental issues, and can actually help you restore your oral health. Is this true? The answer is “yes!”

At Honest Teeth, extractions are always our last resort. But there are some cases in which they may be the best option for restoring your oral health. Read on, and get more information about when an extraction from Dr. Meinerz or Dr. Krueger may be the right choice. 

Eliminate The Risk Of Tooth Damage Or Crowding From Wisdom Teeth 

The most common type of tooth extraction is wisdom tooth extraction. These are our last set of molars, and this third set of molars starts to emerge between 17 and 25 years of age.

They are a natural part of the mouth, but the wisdom teeth often cannot fit into your mouth properly, especially if you have had orthodontic treatment like braces. This can cause them to erupt improperly, damage nearby teeth, and cause changes to the bite. 

If you have space in your mouth for your wisdom teeth and they aren’t causing you any issues, there’s no reason not to keep them. But if Dr. Krueger or Dr. Meinerz believes that your wisdom teeth are not erupting properly, they may need to be extracted to protect your oral health. 

Avoid Serious Infections From A Decayed Or Broken Tooth

If you have a tooth that’s severely decayed and infected, or has been broken by an oral injury like a slip and fall, extraction may be the best choice. Dr. Meinerz or Dr. Krueger may try to save it with root canal therapy, but this is not always possible.

If the tooth cannot be saved, it must be extracted. This is because if your damaged tooth is left in place, it will continue to cause you a lot of pain and discomfort. It could even cause a life-threatening blood infection called “sepsis.” 

For that reason, tooth extraction is usually the best option for a tooth that’s too damaged or infected to save with endodontic treatment like a root canal.

Restore Your Oral Health After Periodontal Disease 

If you have a serious case of gum disease, you may have one or more teeth that are severely damaged and have become loose. These teeth can cause a lot of pain, discomfort, and sensitivity. 

At Honest Teeth, we offer periodontal care that can help you eliminate or halt the progression of gum disease. But if the condition is very severe, it may be a better idea to remove the teeth that have been severely damaged.

This is because extracting the damaged tooth will help relieve your pain and discomfort, and can also help eliminate a major source of bacteria that can contribute to periodontal disease. Dr. Meinerz or Dr. Krueger will help you understand whether or not extractions may be necessary to treat your case of gum disease.

by Honest Teeth

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What Is Pyria? How Can It Be treated?

If your gums bleed easily after eating or brusing your teeth you may have early onset of pyria. Pyria is the technical term for gum disease, which usually occurs when gum health decays and you end up with bleeding gums. Pyria is ususally a symptom of poor dental hygiene, where the person is not brushing often, or not adequately enough leading to bacteria growth in and around the gums.


Pyria can be treated easily by a dentist, and gums can be repaired, however teeth cannot be repaired and will often decay beyond the point of repair by the time high levels of pyria set in.

It’s important for people to brush over the gum-line and floss in-between teeth at least twice a day; brushing gently but thoroughly taking care to brush over all the teeth as well as the gums.

by Linked in

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Why Are My Teeth Becoming Transparent

Have you noticed that your teeth appear transparent or translucent, especially around the edges? While this may seem troublesome at first, this is, unfortunately, a common condition. Multiple layers make up your teeth and contribute to your tooth coloration. The outer layer, known as enamel, is semi-translucent and acts as the protective layer. Underneath, the dentin is typically an off-white, gray or yellowish color.

Together, these layers give you your natural tooth color. However, when the enamel wears away, it can lead to a transparent appearance and dental concerns.

 If you notice the appearance of your teeth changing, it is essential to seek dental care as soon as possible.


The transparent appearance of teeth is due to the breakdown of your tooth’s enamel. This can occur for a variety of different reasons but is most commonly due to acid erosion. Some common causes of enamel erosion include:

Regular exposure to acid food and beverages – Consuming highly acidic foods and beverages on a regular basis can gradually break down the enamel on your teeth. Some of these foods and drinks include citric fruits, coffee, and soda.

Acid reflux or GERD – With severe acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), you can experience frequent acid regurgitation. This acid exposure can contribute to enamel erosion.

Celiac disease – While most people think of celiac disease as something affecting the gastrointestinal tract, the fact is it can affect much more, including the enamel development of your teeth, making them more prone to erosion.

Bulimia – This eating disorder does not just affect your overall health, but also your teeth enamel. Regular vomiting exposes the teeth to stomach acid on a regular basis, leading to enamel erosion.

Enamel hypoplasia – This is a genetic condition that causes weak, thin, or non-existent enamel to form on the teeth. The enamel that does form is overly susceptible to acid erosion and often results in complete dentin exposure.

Dry mouth – Certain medical conditions, such as Sjogrens, or medications can contribute to dry mouth. A persistent dry mouth increases your risk of enamel erosion, as well as dental cavities, as the saliva helps provide enzymes that fight cavities.


When you notice transparency appearing in your teeth, your biggest concern may be their appearance. Unfortunately, the appearance of your teeth is the least of your concerns. Eroding tooth enamel puts you at risk of dental concerns. You will likely experience tooth pain and sensitivity as the enamel erosion progresses. Without the protective layer of enamel on your teeth, you are also at an increased risk of dental decay and cavities.


If you notice a transparent appearance to your teeth, it is essential to seek dental care as soon as possible to reduce your risk of more serious tooth damage. When it comes to addressing enamel erosion, you have a few different treatment options available.


Dental veneers are typically a cosmetic treatment option to improve your smile by covering chipped teeth, closing a gap between teeth, or reshaping misshaped teeth. But they can also be a great treatment option to protect your teeth when enamel erosion occurs. Dental veneers are a thin cover made of porcelain or composite material that sticks to the surface of the tooth. This helps to give you back a natural-looking tooth appearance while also providing protection to your tooth, reducing the risk of dental decay.


Bonding is similar to veneers in their outcomes but works a little differently. While veneers are a premade cover for your tooth, dental bonding is a composite resin that your dentist applies to the surface of your tooth, molding it to fit. The material then hardens and is polished to achieve the desired result. This can take place usually in one dental appointment and helps to protect your tooth from bacteria and dental decay and gives you back a natural-looking appearance without the enamel transparency.


Dental crowns are a good option when the enamel of the entire tooth is affected. A crown is a dental prosthetic that fits over your current tooth and helps to provide protection from bacteria and decay and help support the structure of your tooth.


Enamel microabrasion can work in cases where tooth transparency is in the early stages. This treatment option uses a weak acid to polish the tooth before applying a mineral tooth cream to reduce the enamel erosion and reduce the progression of transparency.


While a regular oral hygiene routine and regular dental checkups can help prevent enamel erosion, it isn’t always enough. An underlying medical condition can increase your risk despite the best oral hygiene routine. However, there are some things that you can do to help reduce your risk of enamel erosion and tooth transparency. These include:

Increase water intake to increase saliva production.

Chewing sugar-free gum in between meals helps increase saliva and reduce erosion risk.

Limit consumption of high acid foods and beverages.

Use a straw when drinking acidic beverages as it limits contact with teeth.

Rinse your mouth after eating or drinking acidic foods or beverages.

Avoid all acidic foods and drinks if you suffer from acid reflux.

Tooth transparency is much more than just a cosmetic concern and can lead to more severe dental concerns if left untreated. 


by New Leaf Rohnert Park

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What Types Of Mouth Wounds Are The Most Common?

When it comes to mouth wounds, it is important to know the different types and understand how to treat each of them. Whether you’ve bitten your tongue, suffered a burn, or have an ulcer, these injuries can be annoying and painful. In this article, we will explore the various types of mouth wounds and provide helpful tips for your proper care.

What are mouth wounds

Mouth wounds are injuries that occur inside the mouth and can affect the lips, gums, tongue, cheeks, or palate.

Mouth wounds are often painful and can cause discomfort when talking, eating, or brushing your teeth. They may also bleed and cause inflammation or swelling. It is important to properly treat mouth wounds to facilitate healing and prevent infections.

Most common wounds in the mouth

Here are the most common types of wounds that may appear in the mouth:

Lacerations and cuts

Lacerations and cuts in the mouth can occur due to accidental bites, hard foods, or even sharp objects. These wounds can cause pain and bleeding. If you encounter a laceration in your mouth, rinse it with warm water and apply a cold compress to reduce swelling. If the wound is deep or does not stop bleeding, seek medical attention immediately.

If we allow more time to pass this problem in our mouth, in addition to the pain and discomfort will increase significantly, the solution may be harder to find.


Burns in the mouth can be caused by hot food or liquids. They can result in pain, swelling, and blistering. To relieve discomfort, rinse your mouth with cold water and avoid hot foods and drinks. Apply ice externally if you experience swelling. If the burn is severe or does not improve in a few days, see a healthcare professional.

Mouth ulcers

Mouth ulcers, also known as canker sores, are small painful lesions that can appear on the lips, gums, tongue, or inside the cheeks. They are often caused by stress, irritation, or viral infections. To relieve pain and promote healing, rinse your mouth with a saline solution and avoid spicy or acidic foods. If ulcers persist for more than two weeks, it is advisable to seek medical attention.

Prevention of wounds in the mouth

If you want to avoid the appearance of any pupa in your mouth, we leave you a series of tips and tricks so that you do not suffer them:

Watch your eating habits: Avoid biting hard or hard-to-chew foods, such as ice cubes, nuts, or hard candy. Cut food into smaller pieces to make it easier to eat.

Use mouth protection: If you play contact sports, use an appropriate mouthguard to prevent injury to your teeth, gums, and lips.

Avoid biting on non-food items: Do not use your teeth to open bottles, tear labels, or other activities that may damage them. Use proper tools instead.

Maintain good oral hygiene: Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss to prevent bacteria and plaque buildup that can cause irritation or infections in the mouth.

Visit the dentist regularly: Regular visits to the dentist will allow you to detect any oral problem before it becomes a more serious injury. In addition, the dentist can offer you personalized tips to prevent mouth injuries.

by Gross Dentistas

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What A Sore Throat And Tongue Can Mean

Having a sore throat is uncomfortable and inconvenient, and even more so when accompanied by a sore tongue. The combination of a sore throat and tongue isn’t a rare symptom of certain conditions, but your diagnosis depends on the other signs and symptoms you experience.

Causes of a Sore Tongue and Throat

Mouth ulcers are a common reason for a painful throat and tongue. Whether they’re caused by canker sores, cuts from sharp foods or bacterial infection, they can affect any of the soft tissues inside your mouth – including your tongue, inner cheeks and the gum tissue surrounding your teeth. However, don’t count out conditions such as candidiasis, thrush or burning mouth syndrome as other common reasons for a sore throat and tongue.

Signs and Symptoms

Patients who have any of these conditions typically show some or all of the following signs:

Tiny, red or white spots on the tongue and throat

Blisters containing fluid

Sore and swollen throat

Pain and difficulty swallowing

Tongue swelling

Sensitivity to hot foods

It’s also possible to have a fever and experience chills or sweating alongside this oral irritation.

Treatment Options

The first step in determining the cause of your sore tongue and throat is to find (and deter) the cause of the pain itself. Move to quit smoking, step up your oral health regimen by brushing after each meal and rinse your mouth daily. This type of mouth rinse has a bubbling action that specifically cleans and soothes ulcers and other mouth irritations. If your sore throat and tongue are indeed related to oral hygiene, this should eliminate the cause and promote long-term healing. Of course, feel free to use non-prescription medications such as lozenges and ibuprofen to reduce swelling in the interim.

When to See a Doctor

Most mouth sores and irritations typically disappear within 14 days. But if your sore throat and tongue return, or if it lasts longer than this period with no sign of clearing, make an appointment with your doctor. Alternatively, sore throats that are exceptionally severe – or bring with it fever of over 101, according to the America Osteopathic Association – might indicate a bacterial infection that requires antibiotic treatment. You may also be a candidate for more comprehensive treatments to tonsillitis, swollen glands or a thyroid condition.

Keep in mind cancers of the head and neck can also cause symptoms such as a sore throat and tongue, but symptoms often persist beyond a few weeks in spite of treatment. They may also be accompanied by hoarseness, coughing, trouble breathing, ear pain or unexpected weight loss, as explained by the University of Michigan Health System.

With proper dental care and a good oral care regimen, however, you can protect your teeth and tongue from basic health problems and deal with related concerns immediately when they arise.

by Sherwood Dental

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White Spot on Tongue: Causes And Treatment

You might notice a white spot on the tongue after experiencing discomfort or when checking inside your mouth after brushing your teeth. Most of these spots or patches go away by themselves, but it's worth visiting a dentist to have them checked out if they linger. Oral thrush, canker sores and leukoplakia are the most common causes of white spots on the tongue. Here are a few conditions that can cause white spots on your tongue, and when it's time to see your dentist.

Oral Thrush

Oral thrush, an overgrowth of a naturally occurring fungus, often appears when the immune system is depressed. Babies, denture wearers, patients with cancer, HIV and other immune-compromising conditions, anemia and diabetes patients, smokers and dry mouth sufferers are all at a higher than normal risk of developing oral thrush. A course of antibiotics can also trigger an attack.

It's rarely serious, but a long-term infection may require treatment. Creamy white lesions on the tongue are one sign of thrush; other symptoms include:

White patches in other areas of the mouth

Lesions that look like cottage cheese

Red, cracked corners of the mouth and lips

Loss of taste

Cotton mouth or dry mouth

Scraping oral thrush spots usually removes the white coating, but this can also cause slight bleeding.

Apthous Ulcers (Canker Sore)

A white spot on the tongue surrounded by a red, inflamed halo is probably an apthous ulcer, more commonly referred to as a canker sore. Aphthous ulcers is a painful inflammatory condition that occurs in the oral soft tissue and on the tongue - often as one or more oval/round or well-defined, grey-yellow ulcerations surrounded by redness..

These common and recurring lesions can be small or large and appear on their own or in groups. Canker sores are often painful, and scraping doesn't remove them.

Viruses, bacteria and immune system issues are some suspected causes of canker sores. Trauma, allergies, stress, cigarette smoking, medicines, hormones, iron and vitamin deficiencies make you more susceptible.


White or greyish patches called leukoplakia usually appear on the gums, the bottom of the mouth or the insides of the cheeks, but sometimes they appear on the tongue as well. Wiping or scraping does not change their appearance or texture, which may be thick or hardened. You would usually not have any symptoms from your leukoplakia.

Chewing or smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol cause most cases of leukoplakia, and about 75 percent of smokeless tobacco users develop leucoplakia. The condition also carries a small risk of developing into oral cancer - it is therefore important to see your dentist regularly for check of the leukoplakia.

Hairy Leukoplakia

Fuzzy white patches that appear on the sides of the tongue as ridges or folds are symptoms of hairy leukoplakia. These patches result from infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which lasts a lifetime but remains dormant in the body until a weakened immune system sparks an attack.

When to Visit Your Dentist

If a white spot on the tongue doesn't go away after a week to ten days, visit your doctor to have it checked. Some conditions, like thrush, may go away on their own, but it's always wise to go see your dentist or doctor for a consultation to make sure it's not something more.

To help keep your mouth fresh and healthy and reduce the risks of white spots and other problems, brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and quit smoking. We also recommend using a medicated alcohol-free mouthwash such as Peroxyl Medicated Mouthwash. This mouthwash facilitates healing and alleviates discomfort caused by minor mouth and gum irritations, such as aphthous ulcers, pericoronitis and trauma from fixed orthodontic braces. Most people experience white spots on the tongue at some point in their lives and for many they're a common occurrence. Though the spots are unlikely to be harmful, they could be a sign of something more serious. If you're concerned, a check-up at your dentist can put your mind at rest.

by Colgate

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Hydrated Silica in Toothpaste

If you're on the hunt for a new toothpaste or just feel like you need an added ingredient that will clean your teeth more efficiently, you may come across the term "hydrated silica." While cultures like the ancient Egyptians and Romans used eggs and oyster shells as teeth cleaners, we've luckily come a long way with abrasives for our teeth! Hydrated silica is a much gentler abrasive that, for the most part, is very safe to use on your smile. Let's go over what it is, its benefits, potential drawbacks, and why you should consider adding it to your oral care routine.

What Is Hydrated Silica?

Hydrated silica comes from a hydrated form of silicon. Did you know that silica is a substance that makes up a large part of the Earth's crust? The most common form of silica you may be familiar with is sand! But the hydrated version of silica is a substance used in many everyday items, like a coating to paper and textiles. You're also very likely to find this ingredient in your bathroom's medicine cabinet in some of your everyday products. Hydrated silica is a common ingredient found in many personal care products, including cosmetics and toothpaste. It's an abrasive, an absorbent, and a bulking agent in personal care product formulas and is perfectly safe to use in toothpaste.

Benefits of Hydrated Silica

The primary benefit of hydrated silica in toothpaste is its abrasiveness. Stains often settle on our enamel, the outermost layer of our teeth. Some kinds of toothpaste will whiten teeth with bleaching agents, such as hydrogen peroxide, which changes your enamel color. But whitening toothpaste with abrasive ingredients, such as hydrated silica, scrub the stains from the surface of your teeth.

The other useful quality of hydrated silica's abrasiveness is its cleaning ability. Our mouths are full of bacteria, which, when mixed with the foods and drink we ingest, can lead to dental plaque (biofilm). If you brush your teeth twice daily with a clinically proven toothpaste, you should be able to keep plaque at bay. However, when dental plaque isn't scrubbed away and begins to build up on your teeth, it can become a harder substance, known as tartar. You can't clean away tartar on your own, and because of its porousness, it will become an easy substance for even more plaque to adhere to. Only a dental professional can get rid of your tartar! Plaque and tartar contribute to tooth decay and gum disease, which is why it's vital to stop their buildup as soon as you can. Brush twice a day and clean between your teeth once a day with floss, an interdental brush, or another interdental cleaning device.

If you opt for a toothpaste with hydrated silica or other abrasive ingredients, confirm that the tube has the American Dental Association (ADA) Seal of Acceptance. The ADA only awards toothpaste with this seal if it has a relative dentin abrasivity score of 250 or less. That means that with regular daily use and a proper brushing technique, the toothpaste won't cause any wear on your teeth. By finding this seal on your preferred toothpaste, you're confirming it's both effective and safe!

The Drawback of Hydrated Silica

One drawback of abrasives in toothpaste is that they can lead to tooth sensitivity, especially if you brush very hard and do not brush with a soft-bristled toothbrush. The dentin and the pulp that lie beneath your tooth's enamel are sensitive. If your enamel becomes worn down, you could feel discomfort when brushing with a toothpaste that contains abrasives. It's just another reason to keep your mouth healthy and your enamel strong.

If you experience sensitivity, consult your dental professional. They can recommend which toothpaste and toothbrushes you should consider. They will also examine your mouth to root out the cause of your sensitivity. But hydrated silica toothpaste is, in almost all cases, a very safe and efficient toothpaste to use. Who doesn't love the feeling of smooth teeth in a white smile? If you don't experience any sensitivity, this toothpaste type can be your smile's best friend!

by Colgate

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Don’t Ignore The Dentist: The Dangers of Putting Your Oral Health on Hold

If there’s one thing that we’ve learned about the human body, it’s that even healthy people need to see a dentist. So what happens when you avoid the dentist? Chances are, you’ll end up with more invasive treatments to save your oral health in the future. In this article, we’re going to detail why avoidance of the dentist is bad and how Stonebrook Family Dental can help those who have been putting off dental care for too long now.

The Importance of Dental Health

If you’re one of the many people who is adamant about not seeing a dentist because oral health isn’t something that’s traditionally discussed, it may be time to change your tune. We cannot stress enough how important oral hygiene and oral health can mean for our overall wellness. For example, if you have an oral infection like gingivitis or another oral condition, it can lead to inflammation throughout the rest of your body. This could be a sign that you have oral health concerns and need treatment from Stonebrook Family Dental as soon as possible!

Regular Checkups Are Important

Even if you’re not experiencing any oral problems or symptoms, regular checkups are important for oral hygiene. Your oral health can deteriorate quickly and oral problems do not always manifest with pain or discomfort. Going to the dentist every six months will allow Stonebrook Family Dental to properly check your mouth for any issues as well as clean it, which is a crucial part of oral hygiene. The Oral Health Foundation explains that dental appointments shouldn’t just be made when you have a problem that needs to be addressed. Prevention is always better than needing a cure! 

What to Expect at Dental Checkups 

When you have an appointment for a dental visit, it can help you feel more relaxed to know what to expect. If it’s been a while since your last oral health checkup, Stonebrook Family Dental may take x-rays of your mouth to get an accurate look at how everything is working together inside. Our team will also perform an oral cancer screening and make sure that any oral problems are being treated. From there, a dental hygienist will thoroughly clean your teeth and gums so you leave with a cleaner-than-ever smile! 

During oral health checkups, Stonebrook Family Dental will also go over the basics of oral hygiene with you. This will help ensure that your at-home oral care is on track. Additionally, if there are any issues, they can be solved before they become serious problems.

Common Dental Health Problems 

There are several oral health problems that can go untreated if you avoid the dentist. For example, plaque buildup is something that every person experiences at some point due to poor oral hygiene practices. Plaque buildup bacteria hardens into tartar and causes gum disease.

The signs of gum disease include:

– Increased sensitivity to hot and cold

– Bleeding gums

– Swollen or tender gums

Sometimes oral health checkups will also lead to the discovery of oral cancer. This is an extremely serious condition that not only affects your oral health but overall wellness as well. If you have symptoms like:

– Obstructions in the oral cavity

– Ulcers that do not heal within two weeks

Oral health conditions like oral cancer and oral infections can be more serious threats to your oral health, but they’re also treatable when caught early.

At Home Dental Care

If you already have oral health checkups every six months, it’s likely that your at-home oral care routine is on point. No matter how frequently you see the dentist, though, there are certain things everyone needs to do in order to maintain proper oral hygiene practices.

Oral Hygiene Tips

You should be brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day, every day. Make sure you’re using an oral care routine that is gentle and doesn’t irritate the tissues in your mouth as well as a soft-bristled toothbrush. Be aware of how long you’re brushing for – two minutes should be enough time to clean all surfaces of each tooth!

You should also be using oral rinses to help keep your mouth clean and free of plaque buildup. If you have a specific oral health condition that requires treatment, then Stonebrook Family Dental may prescribe an oral rinse for this purpose.

by Stoned Brook Family Dental

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Why is a Tongue Evaluation Important?

Your mouth is one of your body’s most important warning systems. Tongue lesions may indicate a local disease process or an overall systemic issue. Approximately 15.5 percent of US adults present with tongue lesions according to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. This percentage increases with tobacco use and if an individual wears dentures. It is important that everyone is comfortable doing a tongue evaluation on themselves. After you do it once or twice, you will see how quickly it can be done.

How to evaluate your own tongue?

In between dental visits, it is important to evaluate your tongue for any changes. This is easily done in four steps:

Look at the top of your tongue for any new areas of discoloration or growths.

Use the back end of your toothbrush to gently depress the center of your tongue and say Ahh- evaluate the back of your tongue near your throat.

Use a clean facecloth to gently grab the tip of your tongue and pull it gently out and to each side. Look at the side border of the tongue for any changes.

Lift up your tongue to the roof of your mouth so that you can visualize the under-surface of your tongue. Also, use this opportunity to evaluate the floor of your mouth.

If you see anything unusual or if you have new and unexplained pain and or symptoms, contact your dentist for an evaluation.

Here are some common tongue conditions:

Median Rhomboid Glossitis

Presents as a smooth shiny lesion in the central part of the tongue. May be asymptomatic but patients can have a burning or itching sensation. A yeast infection is thought to be the cause of this condition.

Benign Migratory Glossitis

Also known as geographic tongue. Is an inflammatory condition characterized by alternating raised plaques and smooth, atrophic areas. The lesions are “migratory” and can change over hours. Etiology is unknown but an association with psoriasis has been found.

Atrophic Glossitis

Presents as a smooth or glossy appearance partially or throughout the dorsum of the tongue. Typically due to a nutritional deficiency or an underlying disease or medication use.

Hairy Tongue

Benign condition with obvious discoloration (black, tan, white) on the dorsum of the tongue. Can be caused by smoking, xerostomia, poor oral hygiene, excessive coffee/tea consumption, and medications. Treatment involves discontinuation of the responsible agent and/or gentle tongue scraping.

Oral Hairy Leukoplakia

Commonly presents as a white, asymptomatic, corrugated plaque on the lateral border of the tongue that does not rub off. Is an Epstein Barr infection found in immunocompromised individuals especially those with concomitant HIV infection?


Adherent white patch found anywhere in the mouth but commonly found on the tongue and the floor of the mouth. Strongly associated with tobacco use but not necessary to occur. A biopsy is necessary to rule out a malignancy.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The most common oral malignancy. Can have a varied presentation: patch, nodule, or ulcer. Can be red or white or a mixture of both. Found most commonly are the lateral and ventral surfaces of the tongue as well as the floor of the mouth. A biopsy is indicated as soon as a lesion is identified.

by Herman Ostrow

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Daily Habits That You Need to Stop Doing to Protect Your Gum Health

The fear of getting cavities motivates people to become obsessed with oral hygiene. Who likes to have holes in the teeth that grow bigger and deeper over time, anyway? But if you think proper dental hygiene only benefits the teeth—think again. Those pearly whites are not just the only structures inside the mouth; holding them are those delicate pink tissues that need appropriate care too! So whenever people brush, floss, and rinse their mouths, they are doing their gum health a favor. On the flip side, they are welcoming gum disease if they continue to follow bad habits.

Gum disease is the inflammation of the gums as well as the bone that surrounds the teeth. It becomes dangerous when it advances. Our recommendation is for people to see us at McMillan Family Dental right away once symptoms of gum disease are felt. We can provide scaling and root planing, which can cure gingivitis effectively. But since our team is a firm believer of the old cliche that says, “prevention is always better than cure,” we encourage everyone to prevent gum disease in as much as they can. Below are some of the daily bad habits that they need to cease from doing.

Not Getting Enough Nourishment

What people feed to themselves can affect their dental health much. When they choose sugary snacks over fresh vegetables and fruits, they have a higher tendency to experience gum disease the fact that bacterias feast on sweets. Those who consume lots of acidic beverages rather than plain water are at risk for the said condition as well. Observing a healthy diet can boost gum health, on the other hand. Foods like yogurt, lean meats, fruits, and other dairy products help the pink tissues stay in excellent shape.

Sharing of Foods and Toothbrushes

Gum disease is a bacterial illness, which means that it can spread from one person to another. A mere act of food sharing or borrowing of toothbrushes can place a peril to gum health. Moreover, even using straws of your friend or siblings should be avoided as this too can aggravate gum disease.

Not Flossing Every Day

Flossing is vital to the overall oral health, just like brushing. Sadly, not all people comply with this simple oral care routine. Flossing is quite a hassle for some; others find running thread flosses back and forth between their teeth uncomfortable. So to counter these issues, it is good to invest in a good floss. You can consider switching to a water flosser if you find it challenging to use string floss. Whatever type you choose, just don’t skip flossing.

Gum health is very important. It is not good to compromise the gums as these tissues can impact not just the teeth but the other parts of the body at the same time.

by McMillan Family Dental

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Menstruation Gingivitis: Why Your Gums Hurt Before Your Period

Periods can be painful. Even before they start you could experience pain like cramps. You might also feel as though your teeth hurt before your period. Technically, it's not your teeth that hurt—it's your gums. And it's a condition known as menstruation gingivitis.

What Is Menstruation Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums, which is the soft tissue around your teeth. Usually, gingivitis is a form of early-stage gum disease caused by excessive amounts of plaque on your teeth. Risk factors for gingivitis include poor oral hygiene, a family history of gingivitis, smoking, and diabetes.

Menstruation gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums that isn't necessarily caused by poor oral hygiene. It is a type of gingitvitis associated with female sex hormones during a menstrual cycle.

Research suggests that menstruation gingivitis is most likely to start in the days leading up to a period and go away once menstruation begins.² A 2019 study examined 318 participants with mostly good oral hygiene for signs of gingivitis during different stages of their menstrual cycle. The results showed that 25% of 106 participants had signs of gingivitis leading up to their period. Meanwhile, only 5% of a different set of 106 participants had signs of gingivitis during their period. Among the final set of 106 participants who were looked at after their period, no one had gingivitis.

What Causes Menstruation Gingivitis?

The association between the menstrual cycle and the gums involves hormonal changes. The increase in the hormones estrogen and progesterone that occurs right before a period can increase blood flow to the gums, making your gums more sensitive to plaque and bacteria.

Even small amounts of plaque can irritate the gums when these hormonal changes occur.³ In turn, the gums can become inflamed, red, and swollen. They may also bleed more frequently, especially with brushing and flossing.

However, these hormonal changes are brief and temporary. During the menstrual cycle, the rise in estrogen and progesterone levels happens during the luteal phase, which typically occurs after ovulation and 14 days before menstruation. These hormones plummet right as menstruation begins.⁵ Menstruation gingivitis symptoms typically peak and recede within that same pattern as well.

Menstruation Gingivitis Symptoms

The symptoms of menstruation gingivitis are the same as those of gingivitis that isn't related to menstruation. Starting as early as two weeks before your period, you may notice bright red, swollen gums. Your gums may also bleed.⁴ It is common for gingivitis to be painless, though some people may experience pain in the gums.

It might feel more uncomfortable to brush and floss your teeth during this time, but it's important to maintain a consistent daily oral hygiene routine, as it can help reduce inflammation and bleeding and also prevent more serious gum disease.

When to See a Healthcare Provider

Gingivitis symptoms are usually not severe and will go away after menstruation. But you can talk with your provider about ways to manage inflammation.

If symptoms continue or occur beyond menstruation, this could be a sign of a more serious gum condition or gingivitis unrelated to hormones. A dentist can figure out the cause of your symptoms. When caught early, gingivitis can be managed and even reversed with the right treatments, avoiding further complications.


When diagnosing gingivitis, a provider will examine all of the soft tissue around the teeth for signs of inflammation, such as redness and swelling. Gums that excessively bleed during oral cleanings can be another sign of gingivitis. A provider may measure the space around the teeth and gums to evaluate the extent of any gum disease.

If symptoms only occur in the week or two before menstruation in someone with a history of healthy gums and good oral hygiene, it is likely to be menstruation gingivitis. A provider would be able to rule out other types of gingivitis.

How to Manage Menstruation Gingivitis

Once menstruation gingivitis sets in, symptoms should resolve quickly once menstruation starts.² In the meantime, continue with a brushing and flossing routine every day. Keeping your mouth clean can help reduce plaque and bacteria buildup and may help prevent inflammation or infection.

Visit your dentist if symptoms are not manageable at home or if they persist after your period.

How to Prevent Menstruation Gingivitis

There's no sure way to prevent menstruation gingivitis, but similar to preventing gum disease, cleaning your gums and teeth regularly helps prevent plaque and bacteria buildup.

Practicing good oral hygiene every day—not just before you get your period—may help reduce symptoms and maintain healthy gums. Brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and flossing regularly after meals will help clean your mouth, reducing plaque buildup.¹,⁷ Mouthwash rinses may be an additional step to remove remaining plaque and food debris.

Having routine professional cleanings done by a dentist at least once a year, combined with an at-home oral care routine, can help reduce menstruation gingivitis in the long run.

Other Hormonal Changes Associated With Gingivitis

The menstrual cycle isn't the only time that hormones can lead to gingivitis.


Increasing levels of estrogen and testosterone in prepubescent children can cause increased gum sensitivity. Known as puberty gingivitis, the change tends to happen earlier in adolescence for girls and later for boys.

Oral Contraceptives

Use of oral contraceptives may cause female sex hormones levels to rise, similar to a natural menstrual cycle, and may also lead to collagen buildup in the gums. These changes may lead to gum sensitivity and gingivitis.⁶,⁹ One 2019 study suggests that women who take birth control pills with a combination of estrogen and progestin for over 18 months, may be more likely to develop gum bleeding and inflammation.


Hormonal changes during pregnancy are associated with gingivitis as well, but the difference is in duration of symptoms. While menstruation gingivitis is short term, pregnancy gingivitis can last for several months. This gingivitis usually happens between the second and eighth month of pregnancy. A dentist may recommend more frequent cleanings if needed.


It's not unusual for your gums to become inflamed just before your period starts. As hormones rise and fall during a menstrual cycle, some people can experience menstruation gingivitis. And it's not necessarily a sign of poor oral health.

If your gingivitis symptoms only occur in the days leading up to your period and then suddenly resolve when your period begins, it could be menstruation gingivitis. Other types of hormonal changes can lead to gingivitis as well. Usually, gingivitis related to hormones is not a major cause for concern, and you should make sure to keep up with your oral hygiene.

by Health

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What Is An Alveoloplasty?

An alveoloplasty is a surgical procedure that reshapes and smooths out the jaw where a tooth or teeth have been extracted or lost. The part of the jawbone that houses the teeth is called the alveolus, and "plasty" means molding, so alveoloplasty is the process of molding or reshaping the jaw.

Tooth Extraction and the Jawbone

Why would someone need this procedure? When a tooth is extracted, the socket (the hole where the tooth was located) heals over the course of several weeks. However, once healed, the area may not be ready for a tooth replacement, such as a denture, bridge or implant. The healed area is called an edentulous ridge, and it may be uneven or bumpy, which will not allow for a nice fit of the replacement tooth or teeth. Smoothing out the jawbone prepares the mouth for successful placement of the new, artificial tooth.

When Is an Alveoloplasty Performed?

The procedure can be performed either at the time of tooth extraction or after the site has fully healed. When you prepare for your tooth extraction, your dentist will evaluate your jaw and decide if it needs recontouring. They will also determine if you need to see a dental specialist.

Dentists often conduct this procedure at the same time as the tooth extraction to shape the jawbone in a way that facilitates healing, according to a review published in Drug Invention Today. Alternatively, the procedure can be performed once the site has healed but before the artificial tooth has been placed to make sure the shape of the jaw supports the new device.

Steps of the Procedure

In either scenario — during tooth extraction or after healing — the patient will be under local anesthesia for the duration of the procedure. This ensures that the patient feels no pain. The dentist will make an incision at the gumline to expose the underlying jawbone. With a chisel or a burr on a handheld drill, the dentist will adjust the bone to the desired shape. They will close the gum tissue with stitches to allow for proper healing.

Your dentist will provide specific instructions on how to care for your mouth after the surgery, such as eating soft foods. The healing period will take several weeks. According to a study published in the Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, the average time from alveoloplasty to placement of the artificial tooth was 23 days when the surgery was conducted simultaneously with tooth extraction. If the procedure is performed separately from tooth extraction, the time between surgery and tooth replacement may be closer to 65 days.

Ready for Tooth Replacement

Alveoloplasty is a fairly common procedure designed to prevent complications with tooth replacements. Once you have a smooth jawbone, your mouth will be ready for a dental fixed replacement tooth, such as an dental implant. Your dentist will be able to identify if you might benefit from this surgery and provide a recommendation on when it should be performed. Their guidance is aimed at improving your oral health and helping you achieve your ideal smile.


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How an Orthodontist Can Improve the Function of Your Mouth

Orthodontic care from an orthodontist is not just about achieving a straight, attractive smile; it is also about optimizing mouth function and overall oral health. In this review, we discuss how treatment from an orthodontist can help improve mouth function.

What are common mouth function issues and symptoms?

Mouth function issues are relatively common and can arise for various reasons, such as malocclusion, TMJ disorder, bruxism, a malformed palate, and missing teeth. These issues can impact how a person speaks, chews, and maintains oral health. These issues often exhibit distinctive signs and symptoms, making early detection crucial for effective intervention. Common ones include:

Pain or discomfort

Difficulty chewing

Difficulty swallowing

Speech issues

Limited mouth opening

Jaw clicking



Patients should seek intervention from their orthodontist if they exhibit any of these symptoms for an extended period. There are effective orthodontic treatment solutions in almost every case.

How an orthodontist can treat function-related oral concerns

Orthodontic treatment is more than just braces or clear aligners. A patient must go through several steps to fix issues that contribute to function-related problems. These include:

Early orthodontic care

Tooth extraction and spacers

Braces and clear aligners


Early orthodontic care

Early orthodontic care, often referred to as interceptive or pediatric orthodontics, targets children as young as seven years old. At this age, a child's mouth is still developing, making it an opportune time to identify and rectify issues before they become more challenging to manage.

Early orthodontic treatment typically involves the use of appliances like palatal expanders, early braces, or space maintainers. The exact treatment plan varies depending on the child's unique needs and their age. Regular check-ups with an orthodontist help monitor progress and make necessary adjustments.

Overall, early orthodontic care is pivotal in setting the foundation for improved mouth function. By addressing dental and jaw issues in their early stages, children can enjoy better oral health, enhanced facial aesthetics, and increased comfort when biting, chewing, speaking, and breathing.

Tooth extraction and spacers

Tooth extraction may sound daunting, but it is a strategic step in orthodontic treatment designed to create space within the mouth. It helps address overcrowding and alignment issues and allows for more effective braces or clear aligners treatment.

Spacers or separators are often used to maintain the space created by the missing tooth or teeth, or they may be used without tooth extraction. These small, unobtrusive devices are inserted between adjacent teeth. They help prevent drifting before braces or clear aligners treatment.

Braces and clear aligners

After the initial phases of early orthodontic care and potentially, tooth extraction and spacer use, the next steps in the journey toward improved mouth function often involve using orthodontic appliances like braces and clear aligners. Braces are one of the most traditional and effective orthodontic treatments. They consist of brackets attached to each tooth, connected by wires and bands. They apply controlled pressure to move teeth into their desired positions, addressing issues like misalignment, crowding, and irregular spacing.

Clear aligners offer a discreet and convenient alternative to traditional braces. They consist of a series of removable, custom-fitted trays. They are nearly invisible, enabling individuals to straighten their teeth with minimal impact on their appearance.

The choice between braces and clear aligners depends on individual needs and preferences. An orthodontist will assess the patient's specific issues, treatment goals, and lifestyle factors to determine the most suitable option. In general, braces are recommended for patients with more severe alignment concerns.


After the completion of orthodontic treatments like braces or clear aligners, the final step in preserving optimal mouth function and a healthy smile often involves the use of retainers. These devices play a crucial role in ensuring that the results of orthodontic work endure over time.

Retainers help stabilize teeth in their newly aligned positions. Without retainers, there is a tendency for teeth to gradually shift back to their original positions over time. Orthodontists recommend wearing retainers for as long as possible to ensure the stability of the orthodontic results. Regular follow-up appointments with the orthodontist are essential to monitor progress and make any necessary adjustments to the retainer.

by Price Family Orthodontics

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What Is Preventive Dental Care And Why Is It Important?

Understanding The Basics And Importance Of Preventive Dental Care

As the name suggests, preventive dental care refers to a type of dental care that helps you maintain a healthy mouth. Through a combination of professional dental checkups and good at-home oral hygiene, you can completely avoid cavities, gum disease, and a variety of other oral health issues.

This is why preventive care is so important. It’s always better to prevent oral health issues completely, rather than treating them when they do occur. By taking good care of your mouth, you will keep your teeth healthy, save time and money by avoiding common oral health issues, and get peace of mind.

Tips For At-Home Preventive Care – Keep Your Mouth Healthy

Preventive care doesn’t just happen at the dentist. In fact, at-home oral hygiene is an extremely important part of maintaining a healthy mouth. So here are a few tips and steps you should take to maintain good oral hygiene at home.

Brush twice a day for two minutes – Brushing thoroughly twice per day is one of the best ways to keep your mouth healthy. We recommend brushing once after breakfast, and again after the final meal of the day. Make sure to clean all of your teeth thoroughly.

Floss once per day – Flossing helps keep your teeth clean and reduces your risk of gum disease. Floss at least once per day to keep your gums and teeth healthy.

Use fluoride toothpaste – Fluoride is essential for a healthy mouth. It attracts minerals that strengthen your teeth, which helps prevent tooth decay.

Maintain a tooth-healthy diet – Avoid sugary beverages, and drink water instead. You should also reduce the amount of sugary and starchy processed foods you eat. Try to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, healthy dairy, and lean meat.

Make lifestyle changes – Certain lifestyle changes like quitting smoking or tobacco use or reducing your alcohol intake can help improve your oral health. Dr. McCue can give you more information after your appointment at our office.

You Need To See A Dentist For A Checkup Every Six Months

Seeing a dentist for a checkup every six months ensures that you can catch any potential oral health issues early. Even if you take great care of your mouth, you should come and see Dr. Shaun McCue for a checkup every six months.

Getting a checkup gives you peace of mind, and ensures that you don’t have any hidden oral health issues. You’ll also be able to discuss your overall oral health with Dr. McCue, and learn more about the steps you can take to improve and protect your oral health.

by McCue Dental Health

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Crooked Teeth and Oral Health

Everyone’s smile is unique, and there is beauty to be found in all of them. However, sometimes the very thing that makes our smiles unique can be damaging to our oral health. For example, crooked teeth can add character to your smile. Yet, crooked teeth can cause several dental issues for some people. So, although you should never feel pressured into cosmetic fixes, you should always consider your oral health. 


Depending on how crooked your teeth are, it can be much harder to clean them properly. While you brush your teeth, it can be easy to miss certain spots because your teeth are twisted. Additionally, some crooked teeth can make it nearly impossible to floss. Crooked teeth can even cut the floss. If you can’t reach all the surfaces of your teeth, you cannot get rid of all the necessary plaque. 

Plaque is a damaging bacteria that can ruin your teeth and gums. It is a harmful bacteria that chemically erodes the enamel of your teeth. Without all of your enamel, your teeth can slowly decay, increasing sensitivity, infection, and tooth loss.

Additionally, plaque irritates your gums, causing them to become swollen or inflamed. This is the beginning stage of gum disease, an infection that deteriorates your gum tissues and bones. 

Straightening your teeth can make it easier to remove plaque and reduce your risk of tooth decay and gum disease. 


When you close your jaw, your teeth should meet together at the flat portions of the top of your teeth. However, crooked teeth can interfere with a good bite pattern. If your teeth are not straight, eating can become painful. Also, it may be difficult for you to chew your food properly, which can hinder your digestion.

With crooked teeth, you may also notice a speech impediment. This is because your speech depends on the location of your teeth. As you speak, your tongue hits different places in your mouth, including your teeth. If they are not aligned properly, the sound you are trying to make may not sound right. 


If your teeth do not strike correctly, your teeth will wear down faster than average. This is because the points and ridges on your teeth will erode before the flat portions. Unfortunately, this does not just change the shape of your teeth. Crooked teeth can damage your enamel. As your teeth wear down, it removes the outer layer of your teeth—the enamel. 

The enamel is responsible for protecting your teeth from bacteria and other harmful substances. However, when erosion occurs, the enamel can no longer defend your teeth. This means that you are more likely to develop tooth decay. 

Straightening your teeth is not just a cosmetic issue. The alignment of your teeth is directly related to your oral health. Therefore, you should talk to your dentist about your options.

by Fox Hall Smiles

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Four Steps to Amazing Oral Health



Good oral hygiene is essential not only on dates but also to maintain overall health. Your teeth tongue, tongue, and gums are prime locations for bacteria to attack. Hence, regular cleaning at home or professionally keeps bacteria at bay. And no, 5 seconds of brushing won’t suffice. I’m talking get-down-and-clean with your teeth. What’s better is that you get a dazzling smile in the bargain.

Four Sure Ways of Maintaining Your Oral Health

I know we’ve read all these golden rules for whiter teeth articles. I’m not here to repeat them, just to enforce them. Taking care of your teeth should be part of your daily routine. Here are four simple steps for good overall health:


Brushing your teeth twice a day to their squeaky-clean best is extremely important. It efficiently removes plaque and sugar, and helps you avoid cavities.The bacteria in your mouth if not removed regularly can travel to different parts of your body and cause infections. Ensure that you clean your tongue every time you clean your teeth. The plaque build-up on your tongue can cause bacterial infections. It is also the major cause for bad breath. Cleaning your tongue seems like a small price to pay to avoid uncomfortable social situations.

     2. Flossing

In recent times, many dentists have given a lot of importance to flossing. Flossing helps remove and minute particles stuck between teeth. Please remember a toothpick cant do half the job of a floss. Flossing is needed to remove particles that are hard to reach with gargling or brushing. Flossing also helps you remove plaque that builds up over time.  This plaque can only be removed with deep cleaning or flossing.

   3. Massaging Gums

Just like a body massage, a gum massage is incredibly relaxing. Massaging can help maintain gum structure, which prevents recession of gums. This in turn prevents gum diseases. Massaging your gums also helps increase blood flow, which helps prevent gum diseases.  It is important to massage your gums on a daily basis.  Your dentist can rain you on the correct method of massaging your gums. Make it a spa day for your teeth.

  4. Professional Clean Up

It is suggested by professionals that regular checkups are helpful in maintaining the health of your teeth. Getting your teeth regularly cleaned by a professional will ensure good oral health.This is because your dentist will be able to clean the hard to reach places of your mouth. Use of the right equipment and technique allows them to do a more thorough job than you can.

Taking care of your teeth doesn’t end here, you must also pay close attention to the type of toothpaste and toothbrush you use. Also, following the simple at-home steps will shorten the duration and frequency of visits with your dentist. These simple steps followed at home can also help you avoid getting cavities, and losing your teeth early on in life. Not to mention, they don’t burn a hole in your pocket. Early adoption of these steps ensures that kids have healthy teeth as well. Remember, a great smile like a good handshake can win people over.

by Practo

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What is the Best Alternative for a Missing Tooth?

A missing tooth significantly impacts how well your mouth works, your smile, and your self-confidence. If a tooth is missing, it needs to be replaced ASAP! And you have two options:  a dental implant or a dental bridge.

Understanding Your Options for a Missing Tooth

The structure of your tooth includes the bone, ligaments, and nerves surrounding it. When this structure is removed, everything around your missing tooth begins to deteriorate. This is why it’s important to replace missing teeth ASAP.

Dental implants and dental bridges address the same challenges but different options. Here’s what you need to know about implants and bridges to determine what’s best for you.

What is a Dental Implant?

A dental implant is a titanium metal post, an abutment, and a crown. It replaces the structure of a missing tooth. New bone grows around metal implanted where your tooth used to be for the next two months. This is called osseointegration. Once your dentist tests the new structure and deems it secure, he screws a crown on top of the implant and seals it into place.

The Pros and Cons of a Dental Implant

The pros of a dental implant:

Less of a burden is placed on surrounding teeth

Healing of the bone structures and gums under the tooth is promoted

Long-term risks to the jaw are reduced

High-quality dental implants last a lifetime

The cons of a dental implant:

It’s costly, especially when more than just one tooth needs to be replaced or other teeth in different spots need to be replaced. Replacing one tooth with an implant can cost several thousand dollars.

Implants tend to take longer. And they require multiple procedures to reach completion. Oral surgery is often a required part of the implant process. So your mouth takes months to heal after the initial implant is implanted.

What is a Dental Bridge?

If a large number of teeth need to be replaced, your dentist may use a traditional dental bridge instead of an implant.

A dental bridge is an appliance that attaches to the healthy teeth surrounding the gap left by a missing tooth. Traditionally, the two teeth on opposite sides of a gap are shaved down to accommodate a bridge.

A cap is then placed over each tooth accompanying the bridge, replacing the missing tooth. Dentists often use a Maryland bridge. These devices are embedded into the neighboring teeth, instead of one fully capping them.

If there aren’t teeth on both sides of a gap, a dentist may install a cantilevered bridge. This type of bridge is attached to a single tooth on one side. Then the bridge structure hangs over the gap.


The Pros and Cons of a Dental Bridge

The pros of a dental bridge:

Offer a quicker process for replacing missing teeth. They typically take no longer than a few weeks

Considered to be one of the most cost-effective methods for replacing missing teeth

Don’t require bone grafting if bone loss is present. Bridges also offer a quicker process for replacing missing teeth.

The cons of a dental bridge:

Dental bridges place a greater strain on surrounding structures, especially the two teeth which are attached to the appliance. For this reason, a bridge isn’t expected to last a lifetime.

Unlike dental implants, bridges don’t address underlying structural problems. This means long-term bone loss issues due to the removal of teeth will continue even after the gap is addressed with a bridge.

And cantilevered bridges are especially notorious for creating problems. They place a high level of stress on the single tooth to which they’re attached. Maryland bridges often come with problems, too. Since there is a small amount of tooth to which they are attached, they have a limited in the amount of force they can absorb. And Maryland bridges must be properly maintained. Poor maintenance can lead to losing additional teeth.

Using Both Implants and Bridges


There are cases where dentists recommend using both implants and bridges in a patient’s mouth. For example, an implant can be put at one end then attach a cap the other end of a row of missing molars. This creates a bridge from an implant post to a healthy tooth or another implanted tooth.

by Davis Dental P.C.

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Things To Know About Mouth Guards

Mouth guards are useful pieces of dental equipment designed to protect your teeth. Mouth guards are used at night to prevent or decrease teeth grinding. Mouth guards are also encouraged for athletes to wear when they play their sports. Mouth guards prevent tooth avulsions and help keep your teeth, gums, and tongue protected. Continue reading to learn more about mouth guards.

1) There Are Different Types Of Mouth Guards

If you have heard of mouth guards before, you have likely either had issues with bruxism (teeth grinding) in the past or played a contact sport. But did you know that there are different types of mouth guards and different ways that mouth guards are made? As previously mentioned there are really only two reasons why mouth guards exist, one is to decrease teeth grinding and the other type is to protect athletics.

The first type of mouth guard is for athletics and typically is sold at athletic stores. This type is usually one-size-fits-all, but the truth is that this type of mouth guard does not fit all. Most often these will be bulky and give little protection. 

The second type is only available at the dentist and can be used as night guards or athletic guards. The dentist will use a moldable material to get the imprints of your teeth and use those impressions to create a custom-fit mouth guard. This type of mouth guard will give the best protection of the different options but is also the most expensive. 

The third type of mouth guard can be bought online and is used at night. It is the boil and bite option. After you get this mouth guard, you will need to put it in boiling water to soften the material and then bite down on the plastic to make impressions. This option can be an alright option for grinding teeth, but can be very uncomfortable and would not be effective for athletics.

2) Mouth Guards Need To Cared For Properly

Another important thing to know about mouthguards is that there is a proper way to care for mouth guards in order to keep your mouth healthy and help your mouth guard last. The first tip is to make sure that you rinse out your mouth guard after every use. It is also important to make sure that every once and a while you wash the mouth guard with soap and water. 

Oftentimes if you get your mouth guard from the dentist, you will receive it in a protective case. Make sure to keep your mouth guard in that case when it is not in use. Keep the case clean and if the mouth guard does not come with a case, be sure to get one and put the case in a safe spot. Lastly, keep your mouth guard in a spot that is out of the sun or another heat source. If a mouth guard is exposed to enough heat then the mold can change and it will no longer fit your teeth correctly.

3) Mouth Guard Myths

The last thing that this article will do for you is myth bust some of the mouth guard misconceptions that are going around. One of these myths is that mouth guards impede your speech and ability to breathe when playing sports. While some mouth guards (specifically the store-bought mouth guards) can cause some discomfort, if you get a custom mouth guard that fits your mouth correctly, it will not remove your ability to speak. A mouth guard that you can close your mouth with should not cause speech impediments. 

Another misconception is that you cannot wear mouthguards with braces. The opposite is true; if you have dental implants, braces or crowns and play sports, mouth guards are particularly important because you have metal in your mouth that could cause abrasions on your gums if your mouth is hit.

by Sunset Dental Care

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Know About Severe Problems with Your Teeth and Gums

Dental and oral problems are never any fun, but the good news is a wide range of these problems are preventable and treatable. Oral health is a vital part of your well-being and overall health. Poor oral hygiene can lead to a myriad of oral problems ranging from gum disease, oral cancer to overall health complications. Learning about some of the severe dental problems will go a long way to enabling you to prevent their occurrence. Here is a list of severe problems with your teeth and gums.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is a bacterial infection brought about by plaque and tartar accumulation in the mouth. The bacteria act on the gum tissue and ligaments that hold the teeth in place, eating it away. The first stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. This is the early stage that can be easily reversible. If this disease is not treated, it can lead to more serious complications with your gums. It is possible to suffer from this type of gum disease without necessarily knowing that you have it. That is why it is always essential to visit your dentist on a regular basis. The advanced level of gum disease is known as periodontitis. At this level, the bacteria have formed deeper pockets on the gum and teeth are more exposed. If you are at this stage, visit your dentist for a deep dental cleaning. Also, make sure you practice good oral hygiene at home.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is another serious dental disease that, when left untreated can lead to tooth loss. This type of complication occurs when bacteria in plaque is allowed to sit on the surface of the teeth for a long time. These bacteria produce a certain type of acid that eats away the enamel of the teeth slowly, resulting in some holes known as cavities. The likelihood of developing tooth decay entirely depends on lifestyle. Therefore, avoid taking starches and sugars and take some teeth healthy meals.

Tooth Infection

This occurs when the root, which is the bottom part of a tooth, gets infected and fills up with bacteria. If left untreated, tooth infection will damage the inner part of the teeth including the nerves and pulp tissue. A deep crack, cavity or fracture on the tooth can lead to infection. Therefore, if you suspect you’re suffering from this condition make sure that you’ve seen a dentist as early as you can.

Missing Teeth

Statistics have it that average adults between the age of 20 and 65 have three or more missing teeth. If you are part of these statistics, you must get the problem solved as early as possible. Space between your teeth can lead to a lot of undesirable traits, such as it might affect the way you speak and eat. Also, it may cause bone loss around the missing teeth, shift of other teeth and may also affect your facial structure.

Bottom Line

Mentioned above are just a few some of the severe dental problems. Others include oral cancer, severe bad breath, and sensitivity among others. As mentioned above, the good thing is that all these problems can be treated with a good dentist especially if diagnosed early. Visit us at Carrum Downs Dental Clinic for diagnosis, treatment as well as preventive care.

by Carrum Down Dental

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What Is A Periodontist And Signs You Should See One?

one of the many branches of dentistry is periodontics. Here are some signs that clearly indicate that you need to visit a periodontist immediately. Dentistry is a wide field that encompasses several different branches such as orthodontics, endodontics, prosthodontics, pediatrics, oral and maxillofacial, oral pathology, and periodontics. Four years of dental school qualifies an individual to practice general dentistry. For specialization, a general dentist has to undergo additional years of education and training.

Like all other dental specializations, a periodontist must undergo special training and education in the field. These individuals have the expertise and experience in treating gum-related problems and diseases. They not only have the expertise to diagnose periodontal diseases, but they have the knowledge and experience to treat these diseases

Periodontists provide treatment to patients that are in need of high-quality care due to severe gum diseases or complicated medical history. A general dentist may advise a patient to visit a periodontist when they need treatments such as scaling, root planing, or root surface debridement. Here are some signs that indicate that you need to see a periodontist right away! If you experience any of the following signs, you need to visit a periodontist immediately!

Swollen and Bleeding Gums

The most obvious signs that your gums are in bad shape is that they begin to swell, bleed, and appear red. When your gums bleed when you brush your teeth or floss, it is an indication that your gums need treatment. By visiting a periodontist, you can address a severe gum problem way before it gets serious.

Pain and Discomfort while Chewing

Pain and discomfort in your teeth are traceable. You can point to the exact the tooth that is causing the pain. However, if you experience pain while chewing within, around, or underneath your gums, you need to visit a periodontist.

Changes in Bites

Experience any changes in your bites? If your teeth begin to feel different while chewing, brushing, or talking, it is a sign that you are falling victim to a periodontal problem. Leaving this unaddressed for long can turn the minor issues into serious and long-term periodontal problems.

Chronic Bad Breath

Persistent bad breath even after extensive oral care indicates that

there is a problem in your gums. It is one of the first signs of gum disease. If you are experiencing a similar situation, make sure you schedule an appointment with a periodontist.

Teeth Begin to Feel Loose

Loose teeth might not be such a big issue for a baby and a young kid, but for an adult, it is a serious concern. If any of your teeth begin to feel loose, visit a periodontist without giving the idea any second thoughts. The sooner you realize you need a periodontist, the better it is for your gums. They can help in a timely diagnosis of gum diseases and addressing the problems before they become serious!


by Boulder Total Dentistry

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Itchy Gums: Root Causes, Treatments, Prevention And Outlook

Itchy Gums: Root Causes, Treatments, Prevention & Outlook

Itchy gums may be the result of several different conditions, like gingivitis, periodontal disease, or an allergic reaction. To identify the best treatment for your itchy gums, you first need to know the root cause of the itch.

Remember, your gums are an important part of oral health, just like your teeth!

In some cases, itchy gums may be a sign of a more serious problem.

You can work with your dentist to correct an itchy mouth, but there are also many home remedies you may find that make a big difference. Even flossing the right way and using a three-sided toothbrush can help prevent and reverse gum itching.

Causes of Itchy Gums

Discovering the possible causes of your itchiness are vital to treating your issue. The 9 most common causes of itchy gums are:

Plaque buildup: Can irritate the gum line and lead to itchy gums. Even worse, plaque can turn into tartar, which is even harder to get off your teeth.

Gingivitis: One of the earliest stages of gum disease. Even in this early stage, gums can experience itchiness.

Periodontal disease (AKA gum disease or periodontitis): Can cause bleeding gums and tooth loss in addition to itchy gums. Periodontitis is a serious threat to your dental health (and your overall health), so this isn’t an issue you should ignore.

Allergies: May irritate your gums. Food allergies (especially to raw fruits), seasonal allergies like hay fever, allergies to medications, or even pet allergies can cause oral allergy syndrome. If the roof of your mouth itches, this is a good sign it’s allergies.

Dry mouth: An inability to make enough saliva is often accompanied by itchy gums. What causes dry mouth? Common causes of dry mouth include an allergy, a medication side effect, or a medical condition.

Hormonal changes: Especially during puberty, pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause, women may experience gum sensitivity and itching due to hormones.

Gum injuries: You can sustain a gum injury while playing a sport, after wisdom teeth surgery or another dental procedure, or due to bruxism. Teeth grinding, or bruxism, can trigger jaw pain, headaches, and itchy gums.

Ill-fitting dental devices: If there is a gap between your dentures and your gums, an infection can grow without you knowing it. Typically, the bacterial infection will inflame your gums.

E-cigarettes and vaping: Can irritate gums and cause itchiness.

Gums may also itch as a result of teething (during childhood or wisdom tooth eruption), viral infections like herpes or canker sores, or a tooth abscess.

Can sinusitis cause itchy gums? Yes, sinusitis can cause itchy gums due to extra mucus that can accelerate plaque production.

Sinusitis — inflammation of the sinuses — brings with it extra mucus. Since plaque is made up of bacteria, mucus, and other particles, it may cause more plaque to form on your teeth. Plaque and its successor, tartar, can irritate gums and lead to itchiness.

Do gums itch when healing? Your gums might itch during the healing process after a gum injury, like a canker sore on your gums or after a tooth extraction.

This is a normal part of healing. For the best recovery results, avoid touching or scratching your gums while this is happening.

Symptoms Your Dentist May Look For

Your dentist will consider the symptoms that occur along with your itchy gums to identify the root cause.

If your itchy gums are caused by gum disease, other symptoms may include:

Gums that are swollen, red, or tender

Bleeding gums — when brushing, flossing, or eating

Receding gum line — when gums pull away from teeth

Pus in between your teeth and gums

Mouth sores

Loose teeth

Chronic bad breath

If your itchy gums are caused by allergies, you’ll probably have itching on the roof of your mouth.

If your itchy gums are caused by dry mouth, you may have low saliva production and thick-textured saliva.

If your itchy gums are caused by a gum or tooth abscess, they’ll likely be accompanied by painful swelling, redness, and aching in your gums or teeth.

Treatments for Itchy Gums

For allergies: Your dentist may prescribe antihistamines for allergy-related itchy gums.

For tartar buildup: A root planing and scaling with a dentist or periodontist can address plaque and tartar buildup. You may also be prescribed a lasering for extra tartar removal.

For injuries: Athletes and active patients should wear a mouthguard to prevent injuries that can cause itchy gums. You can get a custom-fitted mouthguard from your dentist.

For sinusitis: Your dentist may refer you to an ENT for recurrent sinus problems. He or she may also recommend a nasal spray to clear your sinuses.

Itchy Gums Home Remedies & Prevention

1. Good Oral Hygiene

Dental hygiene practices go a long way in preventing issues that can lead to itchy gums. Here are the basics:

Brush your teeth with a high quality toothpaste at least twice a day. A good rule of thumb is to brush for two minutes after every sugary food eaten.

Flossing is paramount to dental care.

Mouthwash is also a safe method of preventing plaque buildup and gum disease. I’d suggest an alcohol-free mouthwash for best results.

Don’t skip your teeth cleanings, which should be scheduled every 6 months at the least.

Using the right toothbrush is important. A triple-sided toothbrush offers the best offense against plaque. Only a three-headed toothbrush can cover every angle, even for people with great brushing habits.

If brushing after every meal is inconvenient, simply rinsing your mouth after meals is less effective, but still cuts down on bacteria growing in your mouth.

2. No Tobacco, Smoking, or Vaping

If you smoke (anything), use tobacco, or vape, you’ll need to quit to address your itchy gums.

Along with all the other health problems it causes, smoking often irritates the gums.

Chewing tobacco might be more likely to cause your gums to itch than smoking it. Also, e-cigarettes and vaping can result in just as much gum irritation as traditional smoking.

Tobacco interferes with the blood flow to your gums, which means gums take longer to heal.

Quitting smoking isn’t easy. But it is essential to good oral health.

3. Salt Water Rinse

A highly saturated salt water rinse may relieve itchy gums or other gum irritation.

For an easy, effective salt water rinse for your gums:

Mix a spoonful of salt in one cup of room temperature water.

Swish it around your mouth, making sure to reach the corners of your mouth.

Spit it out into the sink after about 30 seconds.

Repeat 3-5 times each day.

4. Ice Cubes

Cooling the gums by sucking on ice cubes can numb discomfort and reduce gum itchiness.

5. Dietary Changes

If your diet is triggering itchy gums, you will probably need to reduce your intake of sugary, acidic, and/or starchy foods to correct the root issue.

When you do eat these triggering foods, rinse your mouth with water immediately afterwards, then brush about an hour later to prevent additional plaque buildup.

If you or your doctor suspect you have oral allergy syndrome (OAS), avoid eating raw produce. When you do eat raw fruits or vegetables, peel them first.

A 3-Sided Toothbrush to Prevent Gum Disease?

It’s almost impossible to reach every angle needed to fight plaque and gum disease that can cause itchy gums. Fortunately, new technology has made the fight a lot easier.

Using three distinct brush heads works teeth from three different angles at the same time.

Multiple scientific studies have shown how effective these triple-headed toothbrushes can be at removing plaque and preventing gum disease.

A recent review concluded that three-headed toothbrushes worked marginally better than single-headed toothbrushes when a person brushed their own teeth. But, the triple-headed toothbrush was significantly more effective when a caregiver brushed a person’s teeth.

Although a dentist could effectively remove plaque from a child’s teeth with both a three-headed and traditional toothbrush, the child’s mother had much better success with the triple-headed toothbrush in a 2011 study.

Less plaque in under half the time? Seems like an easy answer to me. Use a three-sided toothbrush to defend against itchy gums!

Itchy Gums with Braces

Braces may cause gum irritation, especially at first. Follow these tips to prevent itching and ensure healthy gums with braces:

Floss well with a floss threader or water flosser designed to clean around braces.

Brush for 2 minutes, then make sure your brackets look clean (as well as your teeth).

After you brush, rinse your mouth out with mouthwash to further reduce the risk of gum disease.

Trying to get relief from irritated gums after getting braces? Gargling salt water or gently sucking on an ice cube are two safe and easy home remedies for itchy gums in people with braces.

When to See Your Dentist or Doctor

You should see your dentist (or doctor) about itchy gums if:

You experience itchy gums and/or related symptoms for 3 days with no relief

Your itchy gums are accompanied by bleeding, painful gums (signs of gum disease)

You are also experiencing very bad breath (could be caused by gum disease or an abscess)

You have severe pain or tenderness in your teeth or gums (could be caused by gum disease or an abscess)

You have recurring symptoms of oral allergy symptoms, like itching and/or swelling of the face, throat, mouth, or tongue after eating raw produce

Looking to the Future

Most causes of itchy gums, like allergies or plaque buildup, can be corrected by your dentist and/or simple home remedies. By following a healthy diet, practicing good oral hygiene, and using a three-sided toothbrush, you may be able to prevent itchy gums in the future.

Other helpful home remedies for itchy gums include a salt water rinse, ice cubes, and quitting your smoking, vaping, or tobacco habit.

However, if you experience itchiness in your gums due to periodontal disease or a tooth abscess, you should seek dental treatment right away to avoid dangerous complications.

by Triple Bristle

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What causes a loss of taste?

Many possible causes may lead to a loss of taste, including new medications, dental problems, cold or flu, and COVID-19. The type of treatment will depend on the underlying cause of a lost sense of taste.

Taste, also known as gustationTrusted Source, is an important sensation that allows people to identifyTrusted Source nutritious food items and enjoy flavor. Taste is a complex sense involving many organs and tissues, such as the tongue, roof of the mouth, throat, and nose. This is why smell can affect taste.


The medical term for a complete loss of taste is ageusia, while loss of smell is anosmia. A lost sense of taste may refer to a partial or total loss of taste.

A loss or alteration in taste can occur due to many different conditions, such as those that affect the taste organs, nervous system, or infection. Some of these issues are harmless, while others may require a doctor’s diagnosis. The type of treatment will depend on the underlying cause.

This article discusses the possible reasons a person may experience a lost sense of taste and how doctors diagnose and treat the underlying issues.

The most common taste disorderTrusted Source is phantom taste perception. A person with this disorder will have a strong, lingering taste in their mouth, even when it is empty. The taste is often unpleasant and may overpower the taste of other foods while they eat. The taste may also occur alongside a persistent burning sensation in the person’s mouth.

There are three types of phantom taste perception:


A complete loss of the sense of taste is called ageusiaTrusted Source, which can make a person unable to detect any tastes. However, ageusia is rare. A 2016 study estimates that only 3% of people who experience a loss of the sense of taste have true ageusia.


Dysgeusia causes a persistent taste in the mouth that can mask other tastes and make all foods taste the same. People with dysgeusia often say that the taste has particular characteristics, describing it as:







Hypogeusia is the term for a partial loss of one type of taste. A person with hypogeusia may be unable to detect one of the key tastes:





umami, which is a pleasant, savory taste

Other causes

Possible causes of taste disorders and a loss of taste can includeTrusted Source:

upper respiratory infections, such as the common cold


sinus infections

middle ear infections

poor oral hygiene and dental problems, such as gingivitis

exposure to some chemicals, such as insecticides

surgeries on the mouth, throat, nose, or ear

head injuries

radiation therapy for cancer in this area of the body

Causes of smell disorders may includeTrusted Source:



growths in the nasal cavities

conditions that affect the nervous system, such as Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease

Some medications may also affect a person’s ability to taste. These drugs can includeTrusted Source:



chemotherapy drugs

proton pump inhibitors

protein kinase inhibitors


Taste disorders are not uncommon. Before the pandemic, more than 200,000 peopleTrusted Source in the United States visited the doctor each year to report difficulty tasting or smelling. Some experts estimate that 5% of Americans described dysgeusia, and almost 1 in 5Trusted Source Americans over 40 reported some alteration in their sense of taste.

Specialists called otolaryngologists can diagnose and treat both smell and taste disorders. These doctors specialize in disorders that affect the ear, nose, and throat and conditions relating to the head and neck.

The doctor may look for growths in the mouth or nose, check a person’s breathing, and search for other signs of infection. They will also review the individual’s medical history and ask about any drug use and possible exposure to toxic chemicals.

The doctor will also want to examine a person’s mouth and teeth to check for signs of disease and inflammation.

To help diagnose the loss of taste, the doctor might apply certain chemicals directly to the individual’s tongue or add them to a solution that they then swish in their mouth. A person’s response to these chemicals may help identify the affected aspect of taste.

It can take time to identify both the type of sensory loss that the individual is experiencing and the underlying condition, but a correct diagnosis is an important step toward proper treatment.


The underlying condition causing the lost sense of taste will determine the treatment options. In simple cases, such as those resulting from the common cold or flu, doctors will usually wait until the infection subsides. With most people, their sense of taste should return once the illness goes away. However, evidence suggests that smell and taste problems may persist following SARS-CoV-2 infection, particularly in cases of long COVID.

While research is still unclear, if a person experiences post-viral olfactory dysfunctionTrusted Source or smell and taste problems after a viral infection, a doctor may considerTrusted Source using olfactory training and topical corticosteroids.

For those with bacterial infections, such as sinus or middle ear infections, doctors may recommend antibiotics.

Treatment for more serious issues, such as nervous system disorders or head injuries, will require an individualized treatment plan.

Home remedies

In many cases, a person can take small steps at home to help improve their sense of taste, including:

quitting smoking

improving dental hygiene by brushing, flossing, and using a medicated mouthwash daily

using over-the-counter antihistamines or vaporizers to reduce inflammation in the nose


It may not always be possible to prevent a loss of taste, and some cases may be the result of underlying conditions that require medical treatment. However, people can try to reduce the risk of ageusia resulting from infections by trying the following tips:

eating a healthy diet and maintaining hydration

getting plenty of rest

practicing good hand washing technique

wearing a face covering in public

managing stress


Ageusia is the medical term for a complete loss of taste. A partial or full loss of the sense of taste can occur for many reasons, such as problems in the mouth or nose. In many cases, the cause is temporary, such as an infection that inflames the nasal passages.

Treating the underlying condition should make the symptoms go away. Some underlying causes, such as chemical exposure, Alzheimer’s disease, and aging, may cause a permanent loss of taste. It is essential for a person to work closely with a doctor to identify and treat the underlying issue.

by Medical News Today

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What causes a sweet taste in the mouth?

Eating sugary or sweet foods can cause a temporary sweet aftertaste in the mouth. However, a persistent sweet or fruity taste in the mouth can be a sign of a more serious condition.

A sweet taste in the mouth can be a signal of the body having trouble regulating blood sugar, which may be due to diabetes. There is also a range of other possible causes, each requiring specific care.


Unlike an aftertaste caused by eating foods containing sugar or artificial sweeteners, a persistent sweet taste in the mouth is typically caused by an underlying medical condition.

These conditions can be serious and will often require medical attention, so it is vital to receive a proper diagnosis.



Diabetes is a common cause of a sweet taste in the mouth. Diabetes affects how well the body can use insulin, which has a direct effect on the body’s ability to control blood sugar.

Uncontrolled diabetes can result in high levels of sugar in the blood. Diabetes can sometimes cause a sweet taste in the mouth and is often accompanied by other symptoms.

Additional symptoms include:

reduced ability to taste the sweetness in foods

blurred vision

excessive thirst

excessive urination

extreme fatigue

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetes may also cause a serious complication called diabetic ketoacidosis. This happens when the body cannot use sugar for fuel and begins using fat instead. This causes an acid called ketones to build up in the body.

Excess ketones in the body can cause a sweet, fruity smell and taste in the mouth. Diabetic ketoacidosis may cause other symptoms, including:

extreme thirst



nausea and vomiting

abdominal cramping

Low carb dieting

People who are on low carbohydrate diets may find that they develop a similar fruity, sweet taste in the mouth. Carbohydrates are a common source of fuel in the body and going without them makes the body burn fat instead.

This process is called ketosis and causes ketones to build up in the bloodstream, producing a sweet taste in the mouth.

Anyone embarking on a low-carb or ketogenic diet should get guidance from a nutritionist or healthcare professional. Getting advice might help prevent harmful levels of ketones building up in a person’s body.


Certain bacterial infections can trigger a sweet taste in the mouth. Infections that affect the airways can interfere with how the brain responds to the taste senses.

Even simple infections, such as a cold, flu, or sinus infection, may cause the saliva to have more glucose in it. Glucose is a type of sugar, so may cause a sweet taste in the mouth.

If this is the case, the sweet taste will usually clear up when the infection is treated.

Neurological conditions

Nerve damage can also cause a persistent sweet taste in the mouth. People who experience seizures or who have had a stroke may experience sensory dysfunction. This can affect their senses, including taste and smell.

The outcome of this damage is complex and may be different in each case. In some cases, people may experience a sweet taste in their mouth that does not go away or that comes and goes.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Some people with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) also complain of having a sweet or metallic taste in their mouth.

This is due to digestive acids that back up into the food pipe (esophagus) and eventually the mouth. This taste may seem to originate at the back of the mouth. Managing GERD with dietary and lifestyle changes will reduce symptoms.


Pregnancy is another possible cause of a sweet taste in the mouth. Pregnancy causes changes in a woman’s hormones levels and digestive system, both of which can affect taste and smell.

Pregnant women may experience unexplainable sweet or metallic tastes in the mouth. The underlying cause could still be another condition, such as GERD or gestational diabetes, so any woman experiencing persistent changes in taste should talk with a doctor.


Some medications may also be to blame for a sweet taste in the mouth. Chemotherapy drugs often alter a person’s sense of taste.

This is a minor side effect of drugs that are used for serious illnesses, but doctors will still want to check and be sure that it is the medications causing the symptom.

If the sweet taste is affecting a person’s diet or quality of life, doctors may be able to prescribe an alternative.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is an uncommon cause of a sweet taste in the mouth, but it should not be overlooked. Rarely, tumors in the lung or respiratory tract can raise a person’s hormones levels and affect their sense of taste.


Some causes of a sweet taste affect the respiratory and olfactory systems directly, while others affect the hormones or neurological system.

A doctor will usually perform a physical exam in addition to diagnostic tests. They will also ask a person about their medical history or any medications they are taking.

Possible tests include:

blood tests to check for bacterial or viral infections, hormone levels, and blood sugar levels

CT scans or MRIs to check for signs of growths and cancers

brain scans to check for nerve damage and to test neurological response

an endoscopy to check for signs of digestive disorders

Once the cause of the unusual taste is determined, doctors will help the person find a working treatment plan to keep their symptoms in check.

Treatment will vary greatly depending on the cause. For instance, someone with diabetes may find relief with insulin therapy, exercise, and a healthful diet, but someone with a respiratory infection may require antibiotics. It is best to discuss the individual case with a doctor.



Experiencing an unexplained sweet taste in the mouth just once is not usually cause for concern. However, if the sweet taste happens frequently or for long periods of time, it is a good idea to see a doctor.

A proper diagnosis is the best way to treat an underlying condition early and avoid serious complications.

by Medical News Today

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What Causes Submandibular Gland Swelling?

Most of us treat our salivary glands with an "out of sight, out of mind" mentality. But if something goes wrong with them, we'll quickly notice the problem. We rely on these glands to supply the saliva we need to chew, swallow and speak and to wash food debris away from our teeth. Submandibular gland swelling can be associated with dry mouth, infection and other conditions. However, most causes of gland swelling can be treated.

Where Are the Submandibular Glands?

Firstly, what is the submandibular gland? There is one walnut-sized submandibular gland on each side of the face, just in front of the curve of the lower jaw at the back of the mouth. Along with your other salivary glands, these glands supply saliva that contains enzymes to help break down food and minerals that reduce the damaging effects of food acids on your tooth enamel. Saliva also makes the food you chew wet and easy to swallow.

Causes of Submandibular Gland Swelling

If you feel swelling underneath your lower jaw, it could be a swollen submandibular gland. Swollen submandibular glands are usually caused by tiny stones blocking the ducts that channel saliva into the mouth. According to the Merck Manual, these stones can develop from the salts in saliva, especially if a person is dehydrated. When a stone blocks a salivary gland, a condition known as sialolithiasis, an individual may experience swelling and pain over the affected gland. Why these stones form isn't clearly known, though they can be associated with liver disease and gout. According to The Journal of Medical Research, sialolithiasis is the most common salivary gland disease, and the submandibular gland is affected in 83 percent of cases.

Salivary gland infections can result from blocked ducts. In these cases, swelling of the gland may be accompanied by redness and pus.

More rarely, salivary gland swelling occurs due to a tumor. Merck Manuals explains that swelling caused by a cancerous or noncancerous tumor on the salivary glands may be firmer than swelling caused by an infection. A cancerous tumor will likely be very hard and fixed to the gland tissue, while a noncancerous tumor may be movable.

See your dentist to determine what's causing your submandibular gland swelling. They will help you put an effective treatment plan in place.

Treatments for Swollen Salivary Glands

Early treatment of a swollen salivary gland — particularly when caused by a stone — could save you from developing an infection. The National Health Service recommends increasing your saliva production by drinking plenty of water and chewing sugar-free gum. The Government of Alberta suggests gently massaging the stone to help dislodge it.

If you are unable to treat it at home, your doctor or dentist may be able to push the stone out by pressing the submandibular gland or pull it out by using a small instrument, according to Merck Manuals. In rare cases, the stone may need to be removed surgically. If you suffer from a condition that causes salivary gland stones, receiving treatment to alleviate other symptoms may also reduce your risk of developing stones.

If you have an infection in your submandibular gland, your doctor can prescribe antibiotics and, if necessary, drain any pus from an abscess. Swelling caused by a tumor can be addressed by removing the tumor through a surgical procedure. Cancerous tumors should be treated urgently and will likely require monitoring.

To ease the pain of submandibular gland swelling, apply a warm compress to the gland area and rinse your mouth with salt water.

How to Prevent Salivary Gland Swelling

Maintaining a thorough oral care routine reduces mouth bacteria and is an effective first step in preventing swollen salivary glands. Increase your water intake and avoid smoking and using chewing tobacco, because these habits may increase your risk of mouth infections.

Submandibular gland swelling may be caused by a blocked salivary gland that can be easily treated. However, make sure to see your doctor or dentist for an accurate diagnosis to assess this oral care condition.

by Colgate

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Warning Signs From Your Tongue You Shouldn't Ignore

If you have a bleeding mouth sore or pain that lingers for more than a couple of weeks, don’t igore it.

“We see patients all the time who had an irritation around their tooth that ends up being squamous cell cancer, which may have been bothering them for up to a year,” says ear, nose and throat specialist Brian Burkey, MD, MEd.

Some oral cancers are not obvious to us as we look in a mirror and can even be hiding behind the teeth or under the tongue.

“The good news is that when picked up early, these cancers are highly, highly curable,” says Dr. Burkey. “Early detection is key.”

Seven symptoms to look out for

It’s important not to ignore these symptoms, which could signal medical problems or, in limited cases, oral cancer:

Nagging mouth pain.

Bleeding sore in the mouth that won’t heal and lasts for more than two weeks.

Swelling in the neck that lasts for more than two weeks.

An area in your mouth that becomes discolored and stays that way.

A lump or thickening in your cheek that doesn’t go away.

Numbness in your tongue or another part of your mouth.

Constant feeling of something caught in your throat or a change in your voice that lasts longer than two weeks.

While not an exhaustive list, these are symptoms that can slip under the radars of our busy lives.

“That’s why it’s important to notice when they don’t resolve,” says Dr. Burkey. “If symptoms last for more than two weeks, get them checked out by a doctor or dentist.”

Regular oral cancer screenings are crucial

Besides watching for any symptoms, it’s important to get regular oral cancer screenings to catch problems at their earliest stages. Here, Dr. Burkey explains what you need to know — and what to expect:

Who does the screenings? Your dentist is often your first line of defense when screening for oral cancer, but oral surgeons and ear, nose and throat specialists can also perform screenings.

How often do I need a screening? While there are no official recommendations for screenings, it’s important to get screenings during your usual dental checkups, twice a year.

Do I need to request a screening from my dentist or are they routine? Screenings are generally part of your normal dental exam, but ask your dentist to do one if they haven’t.

How long to screenings take? Oral cancer screenings take less than 10 minutes. Your doctor or dentist will perform a visual screening and feel the tongue looking for abnormal color and firm lesions. You also fill out an information form so that the doctor or dentist can pay close attention to any specific areas of concern.

Do the screenings hurt? No, they are generally painless.

How to reduce your risk

Here are ways to lower your risk of getting oral and head and neck cancers:

Quit tobacco. About 90% of people with oral cancer use tobacco (smoking or chewing), and their risk increases with the amount and length of time they use. Tobacco is most closely associated with ‘oral cavity’ cancer specifically, which affects the mouth, including lips, teeth and gums.

Take precautions against HPV. There is a dramatic rise in oropharyngeal cancer, or cancer in the tonsil and base of tongue associated with the human papilloma virus (HPV). You can’t see this area yourself, so finding it requires an exam from an ear, nose and throat physician. HPV is a sexually transmitted disease and is preventable with a vaccine and/or appropriate safe sex precautions, depending on one’s age.

Drink alcohol in moderation. Though less a risk factor than those above, alcohol use can also increase your risk of oral cancers.

Limit time in the sun. You want to protect your face to combat skin cancer, but in particular, don’t forget to protect your lips with sunscreen. They are often forgotten but they need protection too. If you work outside, try to avoid being in the midday sun. You should also wear a hat that shades your face whenever possible.

Good oral hygiene. Alongside getting your dental checkups twice a year, continue good oral hygiene at home by brushing twice a day and flossing once a day. Talk to your dentist about which mouth rinse they recommend, especially if you have mouth sores.

Incorporate a healthy diet. Keeping your teeth health go beyond just brushing. The American Dental Association recommends having a diet filled with plenty of water, vegetables, whole grains, fruits and lean protein. Make sure to avoid sugary treats and snacks to help keep harmful bacteria away. ​

by Health Digest

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How to Manage a Sore Throat From Allergies

Seasonal allergies typically occur around springtime, with trees pollinating from August until October. Grass pollen then takes over and can trigger allergic reactions from November to March. If you experience hay fever, you may be developing a runny nose, nasal congestion and sneezing, among other symptoms. Sometimes, you can even get a sore throat from allergies. Here's why this happens and what you can do about it.

How Allergies Can Cause a Sore Throat

The glands in your nose and throat make about one to two quarts of mucus every day.This mucus has many important functions, such as keeping your nose clean and moistening the air you breathe, and you usually swallow it without realising. Other times, people may notice mucus dripping down the back of their nose or pooling in their throat. This unpleasant sensation is known as postnasal drip, and it can be caused by allergies.

If you have postnasal drip, the trickle of mucus can irritate your throat and cause soreness and other symptoms, such as feeling a lump in the throat or swallowing more frequently. It may also make you feel the need to clear your throat more often.

Soothing a Sore Throat at Home

Here are several home remedies that may help soothe a sore throat from allergies.

Stay well-hydrated to help thin the mucus.

Consume more hot liquids, such as chicken soup.

Use a humidifier or inhale steam.

Prop yourself up with a few extra pillows at night, since mucus can collect in the back of your throat when you lie flat.

There are also many over-the-counter medications available, including oral decongestants and antihistamines. Nasal decongestants may also be helpful, though Harvard Medical School cautions that they shouldn't be used for more than one to two days. For help choosing the most appropriate product, talk to your doctor or a pharmacist.

While these steps can help soothe a sore throat from allergies, they won't prevent future allergy symptoms. Pollen, whether from grass, trees or ragweed, is a common culprit of seasonal allergies, so avoiding exposure to it can help. Stay indoors on dry, windy days and, if possible, keeping your doors and windows closed on days with high pollen counts. If you need to do outdoor chores, such as lawn mowing or weed pulling, wear a pollen mask.

When to Seek Medical Help

Postnasal drip can be annoying, but it usually isn't dangerous, as Harvard Medical School explains. However, there are some circumstances when you should seek medical help. See your doctor or dentist if your symptoms get worse or if they aren't relieved by home remedies. You should also see your doctor if your sore throat is accompanied by other worrying symptoms, such as an unexplained fever or bloody mucus.

While you may experience a sore throat from allergies during hay fever season, rest assured that there are many home remedies that can help to soothe your symptoms. If these home remedies aren't enough, don't hesitate to seek medical advice.

by Colgate

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What Happens To Your Teeth When You Get Ill?

When it comes to illness, we usually focus on the symptoms and the effects of the disease on the body, such as fever, fatigue or cough. However, the impact of illness on oral health, especially teeth, is often overlooked. The connection between systemic infection and dental health is essential, and understanding this can help us take better care of our overall health. We will look at what happens to your teeth when you are sick and offer advice on maintaining good oral hygiene during illness.

Dry Mouth:

A common side effect of many illnesses, especially those accompanied by fever and medications, is dry mouth. When dehydration is caused by disease or taking certain medications, the mouth produces less saliva. Saliva plays a vital role in neutralising acids, cleaning teeth and preventing the growth of harmful bacteria. Without enough saliva, the risk of tooth decay and gum disease increases.

Tip: Drink water throughout the day to stay hydrated. Consider using sugar-free lozenges or mouthwash to relieve dry mouth symptoms if dry mouth persists.

Weakened Immune System:

Illness can weaken your immune system and make you more susceptible to bacterial infections, including infections affecting your teeth and gums. While your body is busy fighting off illness, it may not be able to effectively fight off oral bacteria.

Tip: Maintain oral hygiene during illness, including regular brushing and flossing. It will help reduce the risk of bacterial buildup and gum inflammation!

Increased Sugar Consumption:

Comfort foods and sugary cough drops can be tempting during illness. Unfortunately, sugar can feed harmful oral bacteria, leading to tooth decay and cavities. In addition, some medications may contain sugar or acids that can erode tooth enamel.

Tips: Choose sugar-free cough drops and avoid sugary snacks and drinks. Rinse your mouth with water after taking medication to minimise the impact on your teeth.

Acidic Medications:

Certain medications, such as aspirin or vitamin C supplements, can be acidic and cause tooth enamel erosion. Taking these medications regularly during an illness can increase the risk of tooth sensitivity and decay.

Tip: If possible, take acidic medications with meals to reduce their contact with your teeth. You can also discuss alternative medicines with your healthcare provider.

Compromised Oral Hygiene:

Neglecting your oral hygiene routine when you’re not feeling well is easy. Brushing and flossing can seem daunting when you’re not feeling well. However, ignoring these practices can lead to plaque buildup and inflamed gums.

Tip: Strive to brush and floss at least twice a day, even when you are not feeling well. Consider using a soft-bristled toothbrush if you have a sore throat or mouth.

Medication Side Effects:

Some medications, including antibiotics, can cause changes in oral health. For example, they may cause oral thrush (a fungal infection of the mouth) or discoloured teeth.

Tip: If you notice any unusual symptoms in your mouth while taking your medication, consult your dentist or healthcare provider, who will be able to guide you on how to manage these side effects.

Stress and Teeth Grinding:

Illness can cause stress, and stress can manifest itself in various ways, including teeth grinding (bruxism). Teeth grinding, especially at night, can lead to worn tooth enamel, jaw pain and headaches.

Tip: If you suspect you are grinding your teeth, consider using a mouth guard, especially at night, to protect your teeth from damage!

It is vital to recognise the potential impact of disease on oral health. Maintaining good oral hygiene, staying hydrated, and being mindful of your medication choices can help mitigate these effects. Remember, oral health is an integral part of your overall health, and taking care of your teeth during an illness is a small but vital step toward a full recovery. 

by Ideal Smile Dentistry

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Important Things You Should Consider When Choosing A Dentist

Did you know National Dentist’s Day was on March 6th? This was a day where we celebrated our incredible team of doctors, which includes Dr. Rao, Dr. Brikina, and Dr. Kirakozova. We are truly honored to have some of the best dentists in the entire industry and these experts love providing top-of-the-line care for our patients.

While we can sit here all day and talk about our amazing team, we’d like to touch on a topic that should resonate with you. Do you ever feel lost when trying to choose a dentist? Not sure what to look for? In this post, we’ll discuss what you should consider when choosing a dentist. At the end of this blog, you should have full confidence when trying to find a dentist who is committed to your dental health and overall well-being.

Check out these key considerations below:

Treatments Provided

Trying to find a qualified dental care team is no easy task in this day and age. But as you’re browsing around, be sure to check out what treatments are offered by these dental offices.

Want to start Invisalign? Dealing with chipped teeth? Having complications with your gums? There are many dentists out there that actually specialize in certain treatments, so be sure to locate providers who are experts on the specific treatment you have in mind.

Proper Training

Not all dentists and dental care teams are trained the same. That being said, you should try to understand the level of training a prospective dentist has before scheduling an appointment. This information might be available on the dentist’s website, or you can give them a phone call to discuss their training process and credentials.

Another point to understand is that some dentists might be highly trained in one specific area, but lack training in another treatment. Be sure to contact the dental office and discuss their training as it pertains to the service you need.

Modern and Clean Office

Cleanliness should also be a top consideration when looking for a dental care office. Given how oral health procedures and dental visits involve many tools and devices that are entered into your mouth, you’ll want the entire environment to be sparkly clean.

To get a sense of the cleanliness at a dental office, try to find pictures on their website or stop by for a visit.

Welcoming Staff

When looking for a dentist, you should always pay attention to the level of customer service. As you’re looking through providers online, read through some of their content and try to get a feel for their culture and how they treat their patients.

Another option is to give the office a call. If the staff members don’t appear attentive, caring, and focused on your needs, then they probably aren’t the dental care provider for you.

Dental Technology

Another aspect to consider is the dentist’s technology used. With the advanced dental technology of today, it’s a good idea to only work with dentists who utilize the newest, most advanced technology on the market.

Cedar Walk Dentistry is Here for You!

If you’re looking for a dentist who has all of the qualities listed above and so many more, then you have to pick up the phone and call Cedar Walk Dentistry today! Here are just a few reasons why you should choose us:

Personalized care

Many payment options

Wide variety of services

Gentle treatments


Focused on preventative care

Dedicated to our patients

Invisalign specialists

Many dental certifications

Cedar Walk Dentistry is a family and cosmetic dental office located in South Charlotte, North Carolina. Our dentists, Dr. Rao, Dr. Brikina, Dr. Nelson and Dr. Anna, all provide exceptional dental care and they also have an outstanding reputation in the community.

Whether you’re having issues with your gums, teeth, or you’re dealing with any other oral health complication, we provide top-notch, gentle services at all times!

by Cedar Walk Family

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Six Signs To Identify Dental Problems Before They Become Worse

Your body has a way of sending you signals when it needs help. A headache is often the first indication of dehydration. Fatigue could be a sign of sleep apnea. As long as you pay attention to the messages your body provides, you can identify and reverse problems before they take control of your body.

Your oral health is no exception! We tend to think of our mouth as a separate entity from our body, but the truth is that oral health and general wellness are closely linked together. If you have an unhealthy mouth, these signals are trying to let you know. 

1.- Bad Breath… All Day Long!

Chronic bad breath, also known as halitosis, can develop for a few different reasons, but the main trigger is poor oral health. 

As soon as you eat or drink, food particles breakdown all around your teeth. If you don’t brush and floss regularly to remove food remnants, they accumulate into a thick coating of plaque that spreads over your teeth, tongue, and gums. Odor-causing bacteria thrives inside this plaque and emits the foul odor we call “bad breath”. 

Your eating habits have the power to reduce or aggravate bad breath because they directly influence the types of particles that cover your mouth until the next time you brush and floss. 

Bad breath sounds like it would be easy to identify, but many people can’t assess the odor of their own mouths. If you suspect that halitosis is influencing your oral health, you can ask a close friend or spouse to check your breath and give honest feedback. You can also perform a breath test yourself by licking your wrist, giving the saliva time to dry, and then smelling it. 

Your oral hygiene habits set the pace for your mouth health. If you’ve been slacking on your brushing and flossing, you can begin to improve your oral hygiene habits with these techniques:

Brush and floss at least twice a day

Scrape your tongue each morning with a tongue scraper

Replace your toothbrush every two to three months

Start oil pulling

Drink plenty of water

These simple yet effective steps will prevent bacteria from building up and generating a foul odor. 

2.- Sensitivity to Hot and Cold Foods and Drinks

The sensation caused by sensitive teeth is nearly impossible to describe, but there’s no mistaking that awful zinging feeling whenever you drink something too cold or hot. In addition to the pain it causes, sensitivity is also a sign of an unhealthy mouth. 

Factors like brushing too hard, overuse of acidic beverages like soda and coffee, and excessive use of whitening products all expose tiny canals that lead right to your dental nerves. As soon as anything hot or cold reaches the nerves, you experience a “zing”. 

Gum disease is also known to cause severe tooth sensitivity since gums recede from the teeth and lose their support system. If you have gum disease, you also probably have excessive plaque in your mouth, which also erodes tooth enamel and exposes nerve endings. 

There are a few ways to treat sensitivity teeth, but it’s important to ask for your dentist’s advice before you choose:

Desensitizing toothpaste

In-office fluoride treatment

White fillings or crowns

Root canal

Laser gum therapy

3.- Chronic Sinus Infections From an Unhealthy Mouth

The bacteria that live in your mouth and gut are responsible for maintaining balanced immune responses throughout your body. This means that the health of your mouth directly impacts the strength of your immune system.

If you always seem to be coming down with a cold or sinus infection, that could be your body’s way of sending SOS messages  Anything that harms or alters the microbiota communities in your mouth or digestive system has the potential to trigger immune dysfunction that leads to chronic sinus infections. 

Improving your unhealthy mouth will create a direct improvement on your sinuses as well. 

4.- Dry Mouth

You have three main salivary glands and hundreds of minor salivary glands that are responsible for producing saliva in your mouth. Saliva is essential to the health of your teeth and gums, so when you develop dry mouth, it puts our oral health in danger.

Consider the roles that saliva performs:

Neutralizes acids in the mouth

Washes away food debris, bacteria, and other lingering toxins

Keeps the mouth moist and hydrated, even while eating dry foods or exercising

Breaks food down with enzymes and carries it from the mouth to the gut.

Bombarding your mouth with potent sugars and acids all day, every day compromises your mouth’s ability to produce saliva. This leads to a dry, unhealthy mouth.

Remain alert for these possible dry mouth symptoms:

Chronic bad breath

Cracked lips and inner cheeks

Difficulty tasting foods

Pain and inflammation on the tongue

Frequent tooth decay

Trouble speaking, swallowing, and chewing

The feeling of sticky or stringy saliva

Dry mouth can be treated in a few different ways. The first step is to improve your general oral health with more frequent brushing, flossing, and dental appointments. Adjust your diet to nutritious, wholesome foods, and switch to medications that don’t cause the side effect of dry mouth. If those changes still don’t resolve your dry mouth, ask your dentist about other professional treatments. 

5.- Tooth Discoloration From an Unhealthy Mouth

Poor oral care is a common cause of tooth discoloration. If you fail to brush and floss regularly, it’s all too easy for bacteria, acid, and plaque to accumulate and harden into tartar. Plaque and tartar both create an unsightly yellow coating around your teeth that leads to other issues like bad breath, decay, and tooth loss. 

Fortunately, it can all be avoided with better oral hygiene! The simple actions of brushing, flossing, and visiting your dentist twice a year help prevent discoloration before it begins.  

6.- Digestive Issues

The mouth is so much more than another part of the body. It’s where everything begins. There’s a direct and powerful link between oral health and whole body wellness.

As the entry point to the digestive system, the condition of your mouth directly influences your gastrointestinal health. This explains why poor oral health is shown to contribute to inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. 

When an unhealthy mouth becomes overwhelmed by pathogens, oral bacteria can constantly move into the gut and trigger serious complications. Some strains of bacteria found in unhealthy saliva are even resistant to antibiotics and believed to trigger intense gut inflammation. 

by Ablantis Dental

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Seven Reasons Your Mouth Isn’t Healthy And What To Do About It

Poor oral health has many unfortunate side effects, from bad breath and cavities to a weakened immune system and cardiovascular risk. For these reasons and many more, your Marietta dentist will recommend dental cleanings and oral exams at least every six months. Regular visits to a dentist will identify issues in their earliest stages, helping prevent health issues that can extend beyond your teeth and gums.

There’s no doubt about it; your oral health plays a significant factor in your overall health and wellness. Unfortunately, many people tend to do the bare minimum when it comes to taking care of their teeth and gums, which sometimes doesn’t cut it.

7 Common Oral Health Issues You Need to Know

Most oral health problems will likely come down to a small selection of treatable issues. During a scheduled checkup, your dentist looks at areas of concern and puts a plan to treat the matter in place. Let’s examine the common reasons your mouth is unhealthy and what you can do about it.

1. Your Teeth Are Stained

When you smile, the first thing most people notice is the color of your teeth. While some people’s teeth are a beautiful white color, many people have teeth that are stained a yellowish or brownish color. Because of this they don’t smile as much and tend to be self-conscious of their teeth.

While this is certainly a cosmetic issue it’s also a functionality issue. Teeth that are stained yellow or brown can be a sign of tooth decay, which is a problem you don’t want in your mouth.

For patients with surface staining, professional, in-office teeth whitening can lighten your teeth several shades in a short amount of time. For more severe problems such as tooth decay, we recommend that you schedule an appointment with Dr. Mohip-Chahwala so that you can have a full oral exam and get recommendations on how to proceed with fixing your teeth.

2. Your Teeth Are Crooked

While most people think that crooked teeth are simply a cosmetic or orthodontic issue, it can actually hurt the health of your teeth and gums. Teeth that are either crowded or have gaps in them along the gum line can become a breeding ground for harmful bacteria.

While brushing and flossing are always important, it’s extremely important that your teeth are not too far apart, crowded, or crooked in any way. For patients who have severely crooked teeth and are also suffering from dental decay, dental implants with crowns or bridges may be an excellent option. Here’s a page dedicated to dental implants where you can learn more.

3. Maybe Your Jaw Hurts, Too

In certain cases, crooked teeth can actually be a symptom of a problem with your jaw.Temporomandibular joint disorder (commonly referred to as TMD or TMJ) is a painful condition where the TMJ (a joint that acts much link a hinge) fails to move smoothly.Think about it like a door that doesn’t fit perfectly and drags on the floor a bit when you push or pull on it; that’s quite painful when it’s going on between your mandible and temporal bone!

A few common symptoms patients with TMJ disorder report are:

Clicking or popping in the jaw area

Ear that feels painful or full

The inability to close or open the mouth

A bite that is out of alignment (the teeth no longer fit together properly)

Dr. Mohip-Chahwala treats TMJ right here at Shining Smiles Family Dentistry in Marietta, GA.

4. Your Gums Are Red, Swollen, or Bleed When You Brush

If your gums frequently have the appearance of being swollen, angry, or inflamed, it’s time for a visit to the dentist to see what is going on, as these are potential signs of gum disease.

There are three stages of gum disease:


This is the first stage of gum disease commonly characterized by gum inflammation and plaque buildup. Catching gum disease at this stage is important, as it can be reversed with minimal treatment and a solid oral hygiene routine.


At this point, your teeth are (unfortunately) permanently damaged. Now, this doesn’t mean you can’t take an active approach to minimizing your damage and it doesn’t mean that more advanced treatments, such as dental implants, aren’t a great option for you.

Advanced Periodontitis

When you see someone who has lost several teeth or has several teeth that are yellow/brown, loose, and soft, they are likely in the advanced stage of periodontitis. At this point, your teeth will likely need to be removed and replaced with dental implants, a fixed bridge, or some other similar treatment.

Also, your teeth shouldn’t bleed when you brush them (it could happen on occasion, but it definitely should be the exception, not the rule)!

You can learn more about how we help patients with gum disease by visiting this page.

5. You Constantly Deal With Bad Breath

If your bad breath is more than just, “Oops, I ate some onions,” then you could have chronic bad breath (known as halitosis). There are many conditions that could cause halitosis and poor oral hygiene is certainly one of them.

If someone you love or care for is constantly telling you that your breath doesn’t smell great (and offering you some chewing gum), it’s time to get the issue checked!

6. Your Diet Isn’t Right

We’re not saying you have to eat like a triathlete, but your diet does play a significant role in your oral health. For instance, eating too much sugar can create a breeding ground of harmful bacteria in your mouth that can lead to decay.

Another example is dark cola or coffee. While the occasional dark drink shouldn’t hurt your teeth much, drinking them day after day can stain your teeth. If you are going to drink dark colas or coffee, we recommend drinking them through a straw so they can bypass your teeth and gums (for the most part).

If you avoid sugar and dark-colored drinks it can go a long way to keeping your mouth healthy and in good shape!

7. You Need to Revamp Your Oral Hygiene Routine

A rock-solid oral hygiene routine isn’t difficult to find or master, but consistency is the key. At Shining Smiles Family Dentistry, we tell our patients they should brush their teeth twice a day for a period of two minutes each time and floss once daily.

It’s also a good idea to supplement with mouthwash. Also, many patients enjoy using an oral irrigator or water flosser to reach some of those stubborn spots that only water can reach.

Again, the routine is easy; become disciplined to follow it day after day without exception. Also, if you have a young child we recommend that you monitor their oral hygiene until they are at least 8 years old. While you want to encourage a young child to learn how to “do it themselves,” parents should still watch to ensure they are doing it correctly.

So What Should You Do if You’re Experiencing Any of These Problems?

If you are experiencing any of the above problems and feel that your mouth isn’t as healthy as it should be, it’s time to see a different kind of dentist! At Shining Smiles Family Dentistry, Dr. Mohip-Chahwala focuses, not only on providing patients with the best treatment for them, but has an overarching philosophy of preventative care.

Once we correct the issue you are experiencing, we’re going to share with you a personalized care plan to help you keep your teeth and gums healthy and happy for the rest of your life.As a family dental practice, Shining Smiles cares about the long-term oral health of all your loved ones. With our welcoming office, friendly team and services like sedation dentistry, we want everyone to feel comfortable and positive about their oral examinations and cleanings.

Only regular dental visits make it possible to monitor changes to your teeth and gums. And with a skilled professional relationship (including understanding any health concerns), it’s possible to deliver the best in dental care.

by Shining Smiles Family Dentistry

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What Causes a Tingling Tongue?

Nearly everyone has experienced that uncomfortable feeling of "pins and needles" at some point. Perhaps you were kneeling on the floor for longer than you'd planned, and when you stood up, you realize your legs were asleep! Or perhaps you've woken up with a numb hand after spending the night asleep with your arm in an awkward position. This tingling feeling, known as paresthesia, often occurs in the hands and feet. But did you know it can also occur in other body parts, including the tongue? Let's go over the potential causes of a tingling tongue and when you should see a medical or dental professional about your symptoms.

The University of Rochester Medical Center explains that paresthesia results from a "traffic jam in your nervous system." This analogy refers to a "roadblock" that's created when constant pressure is on a nerve. This pressure prevents the electric impulses from traveling up and down the nerves as they normally would. Once the pressure is removed, the impulses can travel freely again. But when the blockage is first released, the electric impulses will pick up faster than usual, causing a tingling sensation in the affected area.

However, the tingling you may feel in your tongue is rarely from falling asleep in a strange position or holding your tongue in a particular spot for too long. Let's go over a few things that can cause a tingling tongue.

Nerve Damage After Surgery

Some people get a tingling feeling in their tongue after oral surgery, like a wisdom tooth extraction or a root canal procedure. A case report in the Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (JDAPM) notes that it will usually occur directly after the procedure for those who do experience paresthesia from oral surgery. In rare cases, a person can have a delayed-onset tingling of the tongue.

Two of the most likely nerves contributing to a tingling feeling in the tongue after oral surgery are the lingual nerve (LN) and the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). The JDAPM notes that IAN paresthesia occurs in 0.35 to 8.4 percent of people who undergo oral surgery.

If you've recently had oral surgery and have noticed that your tongue feels tingly, don't worry. Most paresthesia cases due to oral surgery disappear on their own within a few months at the latest. You should schedule a visit with your dental professional if you are particularly concerned about the sensation or if it has lingered for longer than a few months.

Oral Allergies

While many of us may not be aware of every type of substance we could be allergic to, there's an interesting relationship between the allergy to certain pollens and a tingly or itchy tongue you may want to be aware of. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology reports that up to three-quarters of adults with a birch pollen allergy also have oral allergy syndrome. One of this syndrome's symptoms is a tingling and itchy tongue after eating certain raw fruits and vegetables, such as apples, peaches, cherries, and carrots. If you have oral allergy syndrome, your best bet to avoiding a tingling tongue is to eliminate from your diet the raw fruits and vegetables that can trigger an allergic reaction.

Canker Sores on the Tongue

You may be familiar with canker sores, a prevalent oral condition of small, white swellings that aren't contagious but can be a nuisance. They can develop almost anywhere on the soft tissue inside the mouth, including the lips, cheeks, soft palate, and tongue. While canker sores' exact cause is unknown, risk factors range from genetics to a weakened immune system to smoking cigarettes.

As noted by the Mayo Clinic, a tingling or burning sensation in your mouth and tongue can develop a couple of days before the sore itself is visible. This means you may be able to tell when a canker sore is coming on! Canker sores may be painful, but they usually clear up on their own and don't require treatment. If you notice your canker sores are large or don't clear up within two weeks, schedule an appointment with your medical professional. They can evaluate the sore and discuss your treatment options.

"Hypo" Causes of a Tingling Tongue

A tingling tongue means that you are missing one of the substances your body needs to thrive. For example, low blood sugar and low calcium levels can be the cause of your tongue's paresthesia. There are two important things worth noting about "hypo" causes of a tingling tongue:

A "hypo" cause of a tingling tongue is relatively rare.

If a deficiency in blood sugar or calcium is the cause of paresthesia, this tingling sensation does not occur until your calcium or blood sugar levels are severely low. It's essential to note that tingling and numbness in the tongue, lips, or cheeks are some of the more severe signs of low blood sugar. And Merck Manual connects tingling in the tongue with tetany, an involuntary contraction of the muscles that often develops when calcium levels are deficient.

Working with your doctor to manage the situation can help you avoid a tingling tongue and other complications. This is especially true if you have a condition that causes low calcium levels or diabetes, which is the usual reason for a dip in blood sugar. In most cases, a tingling sensation is nothing to worry about. But we always advocate for immediate professional care if you are experiencing a symptom of diabetes. This will ensure that you are fully knowledgeable about the signs and symptoms of a diabetic blood sugar low. You deserve to be confident in your oral and overall health. That's why education and open conversations with your medical professionals is vital!

While there's a wide range of possible reasons for your tingling tongue, you don't need to panic! Consider what you already know about your body and current health. Did you recently have oral surgery? Have you experienced cold sores in the past? Are you diagnosed with diabetes? Discussing your health and diagnoses with a dental or medical professional can help them figure out why you are experiencing a tingling tongue and get you on the correct treatment path if necessary.

by Colgate

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Can Gums Pull Away From Teeth?

What is gum recession?

Gum recession, also known as gingival recession, refers to the progressive loss of gum tissue that covers the roots of the teeth. When the margin of gum tissue pulls away from the crown of the tooth, it exposes more of the tooth root and bone beneath the gumline.

As the gums recede, “pockets” or gaps form between the gumline and the tooth. These pockets allow more plaque and bacteria to build up, which can weaken gum tissue connections and underlying bone support for the teeth.

Gum recession is a common problem among adults, but it develops gradually over time. The early signs are often subtle changes in the position of the gumline relative to the teeth. Without treatment, moderate to severe gum recession can lead to problems like tooth sensitivity, decay, loose teeth, and eventual tooth loss.

How do healthy gums attach to teeth?

In a healthy mouth, the gums firmly attach to the teeth in a specialized connective tissue junction called the gingival sulcus. This attachment forms a tight seal or adhesion around each tooth.

The gingival sulcus contains dense collagen fibers that connect the tooth enamel to the gum tissue. This collagen-rich attachment apparatus is strong yet flexible, allowing the gums to tightly hug the teeth without detachment.

The gumline meets the tooth surface a few millimeters above the root junction, known as the cementoenamel junction. A slight variation in gumline height around different teeth is normal. As long as the gum completely covers and protects the bony sockets surrounding the tooth roots, periodontal health is maintained.

Why do gums recede from teeth?

There are several potential causes of gum recession:

Gum disease – Bacterial plaque accumulation inflames the gums and triggers chronic infection. This periodontal disease breaks down collagen fibers and supporting bone, leading to shrinking, weakened gum tissue.

Aggressive brushing – Habitual brushing with excessive force can traumatize the gums. Bristles gouging the gums overtime cause them to shrink away.

Misaligned teeth – Crooked teeth or poor bites make gums more prone to injury. Recessed gums may form due to excessive forces on gum tissue.

Grinding/Clenching – Chronic grinding and clenching puts severe pressure on teeth, pulling gums downward. This eventually loosens the gums.

Smoking – Chemical compounds in tobacco smoke impair gum blood flow. This leads to gum detachment and slowed healing.

Genetic factors – Some people are predisposed to thinner gum tissue or gum heights that make them more susceptible to recession. This is more prevalent in older individuals.

Medical conditions – Diseases like diabetes or autoimmune disorders increase vulnerability to gum infections and damage.

Certain medications – Drugs like blood pressure medications, oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and more may reduce gum tissue resilience. Consult your dentist.

Why is gum recession problematic?

Receding gums cannot grow back or reattach once they detach past a certain critical point. The lost gum tissue leads to several oral health issues:

Tooth sensitivity – Gum recession exposes dentin tubules in the root surface. These allow hot/cold liquids to stimulate nerve endings, causing sharp pain.

Root decay – With the protective gum tissue layer gone, tooth roots are more vulnerable to cavities and decay.

Bone loss – The bony sockets around roots can deteriorate due to infection spreading from receded gums.

Tooth loosening – Advanced recession and bone loss undermine the support system for teeth, allowing them to loosen or fall out.

Poor aesthetics – Increased tooth length and visible roots due to gum recession are unsightly. It makes smiles appear “toothy” and unattractive.

Severe gum recession can lead to impaired chewing function, crooked teeth, and eventual tooth loss. Seeking treatment in the early stages is critical.

Risk factors for gum recession

Certain lifestyle habits, health factors, and medications raise your risk for receding gums:

Smoking/tobacco use – Nicotine and smoke compounds restrict blood flow to gums, causing tissue breakdown.

Aggressive brushing – Excessive scrubbing force erodes gums, as do stiff-bristled brushes.

Periodontal disease – Preexisting gum infection destroys connective tissue fibers that attach gums to teeth.

Grinding & Clenching – Chronic teeth grinding (bruxism) exerts extreme pressure on teeth, detaching gums over time.

Age – Gums weaken and recede more easily due to reduced blood supply as we age.

Hormones – Fluctuating hormones in puberty, menopause, and pregnancy increase gum sensitivity.

Diabetes – Poor blood sugar control impairs immunity and healing, increasing gum infection risks.

Genetics – Some people inherit thinner gum tissue or tooth positions prone to recession.

Misaligned teeth – Crooked, crowded, or gap teeth create areas that are hard to clean and maintain.

Toothbrush abrasion – Using stiff-bristled brushes or abrasive toothpaste erodes gums after repetitive brushing.

Bruxism nightguard – Ill-fitting nightguards that rub the gums can progressively damage the gumline after nightly wear.

Lip/tongue piercings – Oral jewelry that constantly rubs against gums can wear away gum tissue.

Clenching behaviors – Chronic teeth clenching due to stress or habits can traumatize gum attachments.

Nutrient deficiencies – Deficiencies in vitamin C and B12 may make gums more vulnerable to problems.

Stages and symptoms

Gum recession can range from mild to severe. Knowing the signs at each stage is important for getting timely treatment:

Stage 1: Early-stage recession


Gums appear slightly lower on some teeth

Mild sensitivity from minimal root exposure

No obvious gaps between teeth

Slightly longer tooth appearance

Minor inflammation/bleeding when brushing

This early stage of recession is often invisible to the eye unless you look very closely. But dentists can detect subtle changes in gum height relative to past records. Taking action with improved oral hygiene can help stabilize gums at this point.

Stage 2: Moderate recession

Symptoms are now more visible:

Gumline is clearly lower than normal

More noticeable gaps between some teeth

Yellowish root exposure is visible

Teeth appear longer

Sensitivity to hot/cold stimuli

Tenderness when chewing hard foods

At this point, loose teeth and bone loss may begin without treatment. Your dentist can determine how much supporting bone remains using dental X-rays.

Stage 3: Advanced recession

Severe symptoms:

Widespread gaps between most teeth

Extensive root exposure

Bone loss visible in X-rays

Loose or migrating teeth

Constant sensitivity and pain

Altered bite due to tooth positions changing

Aggressive periodontitis and rapid bone loss undermine the tooth roots. Seeking prompt treatment is critical to try and save teeth.

Diagnosing receding gums

Dentists diagnose receding gums using a combination of visual exams, physical tests, and dental imaging:

Visual inspection

The dentist will visually compare current gumlines to past photos/records for any recession. They check for signs like longer teeth, root exposure, and interdental gaps.

Physical examination

Probing – A periodontal probe is used to measure and record the depth of gum pockets. Deeper pockets indicate detached gums.

Mobility testing – Teeth are wiggled to detect any increased loosening or shifting.

Bite evaluation – Bite irregularities from changing tooth positions may develop.

Sensitivity testing – Specialized tests can reproduce sensitivity pain in problem areas.

Dental imaging

X-rays – Dental radiographs show bone loss patterns which reveal recession severity.

Cone beam CT scans – 3D scans provide detailed views of gum and bone levels.

Intraoral camera – Close-up mouth photos clearly show affected areas.

Your dentist will also ask about symptoms, oral hygiene habits, health conditions, medications, and risk factors. Together, these help determine the cause and how to treat receding gums.

Treating receding gums

The treatment options for receding gums include:

Nonsurgical treatments

Mild cases may be stabilized and reversed using:

Improved oral hygiene – Gentle flossing and brushing helps gum health when done consistently. Regular dental cleanings support this.

Desensitizing toothpaste – Special toothpastes relieve sensitivity pain from exposed roots. However, they do not restore lost gum tissue.

Mouthguards – Wearing nightguards protects against grinding forces during sleep which can damage gum attachments.

Dietary changes – Limiting acidic and sugary foods helps protect vulnerable areas where the root is exposed.

Quitting smoking – Smoking cessation allows gum tissues to rebound after the chemical irritants are removed.

Medication changes – Switching medications linked to gum problems may support gum stability on advice of your physician.

These help stabilize areas of mild recession, but moderate to severe recession requires surgical intervention.

Surgical treatments

A periodontist can perform procedures like:

Gum grafting – Soft tissue grafts taken from the roof of the mouth (palate) are sutured over exposed roots. Over time, they protect receding areas.

Bone grafting – Materials like donated bone or bovine bone are placed under detached gums to encourage reattachment.

Tissue regeneration – Special membranes are inserted between the gum and root to regrow lost tissue in that space via guided tissue regeneration (GTR).

Pinhole surgery – Small pinholes are made in the gum to gently loosen and slide it down over the exposed roots without sutures.

Dental implants – Implants can replace teeth lost from advanced recession and restore chewing function.

Complex cases may involve flap procedures to remove infected gum tissue before regenerative techniques are applied. Your periodontist will advise the most suitable surgical approach based on the degree of recession and your individual mouth anatomy.


Preventing receding gums from worsening involves:

Using a soft-bristled toothbrush and brushing gently – no vigorous scrubbing

Choosing non-abrasive toothpaste to avoid gum irritation

Daily flossing to clear plaque, being careful not to snap floss against the gums

Getting professional cleanings at the dentist every 6 months

Not smoking and avoiding other tobacco products

Wearing a nightguard if you grind your teeth

Monitoring gums for any changes and reporting them quickly

Treating gum disease early if it develops to limit tissue damage

Managing health conditions like diabetes to optimize gum healing

Changing habits that strain gums like oral jewelry or teeth clenching when stressed

With diligent daily oral hygiene and regular dental visits, gum recession can often be caught early and treated successfully. However, advanced recession may still eventually require procedures to protect remaining gum health.

How quickly do receding gums progress?

When caused by periodontal disease, gum recession can progress rapidly in just years. Poor brushing habits can also lead to faster recession. However, factors like genetics and aging lead to gradual recession over many years. Proper dental care reduces the speed of further recession.

Can gum recession affect only one tooth?

Yes, it commonly begins by affecting just a single tooth or area. Certain teeth are more prone to gum recession like lower front teeth and molars. As time passes, more teeth often develop receding gums if the causes are not addressed.

Does gum recession require surgery to fix?

Non-surgical options can sometimes stabilize early gum recession. But in moderate to severe cases, surgery like grafting is needed to cover exposed tooth roots and halt further detachment. The stage of recession determines which procedures provide meaningful benefits.

Can receding gums regrow without treatment?

Spontaneous regrowth without any treatment only occurs in the very mildest cases caught extremely early. Once recession reaches the radicular dentin, active intervention is required to restore lost gum tissue. Severe recession won’t improve on its own.

What happens if receding gums are left untreated?

Untreated gum recession tends to steadily worsen over time. It can lead to severe gum disease, persistent tooth sensitivity, loose teeth, jawbone loss, and eventual tooth loss. The risks of damage extend to both the soft and hard tissues supporting the teeth.

Catching receding gums early and taking preventive steps offers the best chance of stabilizing areas affected by recession. Work closely with your dentist if you notice any suspicious gum changes before substantial damage occurs. Gum grafting and regeneration procedures depend on having sufficient remaining gum tissue to work with.

by CDHP Dental Health

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Recognizing the Early Signs of Gum Disease

Nearly half of all American adults over age 30 have some form of gum disease, and for those 65 and older, that number jumps to almost three-quarters. Considering gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss for adults, those are some really concerning numbers.

The key to battling gum disease successfully is catching it in its early stages, before it has a chance to cause serious damage to your gums and teeth. At Novi Family Dentistry, in Novi, Michigan, Abir Faraj, DDS, and her team offer comprehensive care for gum disease. They use advanced techniques to diagnose and treat gum disease, no matter what stage it’s in. Here’s what you should know about gum disease, including how to spot it early.

The basics of gum disease

Your mouth is full of bacteria. Some of it is good, and some of it is not so good. Brushing and flossing help keep the bad bacteria under control. But, even with good at-home hygiene, food film can build up between your teeth and gums and form sticky deposits called plaque. 

Plaque provides a good home for many disease-causing bacteria, which thrive on sugars from the foods you eat. Unless plaque is removed regularly, it can harden and turn into tartar. Tartar is really hard — so hard, in fact, that your dentist needs special tools to remove it. It also provides an almost impermeable shelter for bad bacteria.

Once tartar forms, it’s only a matter of time before bacteria start invading your gums, moving down teeth and hiding beneath the gums where they can cause more inflammation and even infection. Eventually, the bacteria can travel all the way down to the roots of your teeth and cause abscesses to form, which, in turn, can weaken the roots and lead to tooth loss.

Dr. Faraj offers treatments for all stages of gum disease, including the early stage — which is called gingivitis — and the later stage — which is called periodontitis. The best option is to catch gum disease early, when treatment is a lot simpler.

Signs of gum disease

Unless you’re a dental professional, gum disease can be very difficult to identify in its early stages. That’s because in those early days, gum disease typically doesn’t cause any major symptoms.

Stage 1: Gingivitis

The most common symptom to look for in this first stage of gum disease is bleeding when you floss or brush. Early on, inflammation begins, making your gums more tender than usual and more prone to bleeding. Your gums might look a little puffy, too.

Stage 2: Periodontitis

In the later stages, pain, significant swelling, and gum recession, can occur. This is because infection and inflammation can spread to deeper areas of gum tissue and even to the tooth roots.

Protect your smile by protecting your gums

Because early symptoms can be difficult to spot on your own, having regular checkups is very important for your gum health. During a checkup, Dr. Faraj and the hygienist look for early signs of disease and areas of plaque and tartar buildup.

If early gum disease is present, it can usually be treated by a regular cleaning to remove plaque and tartar. In more advanced stages of the disease, you might need a deeper cleaning and antibiotics to kill germs around the deeper parts of your teeth and roots.

Don’t let gum disease rob you of your beautiful smile. Having regular cleanings and checkups is the best way to spot and treat gum disease early. 

by Novi Family Dentistry

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The Role of a Dentist in Treating Sleep Apnea

The Role of a Dentist in Treating Sleep Apnea

Today, nearly 25 million adults in the country are affected by sleep apnea, according to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. The statistics are staggering, and the health risks are dangerous. Doctors and healthcare professionals have noticed this growing problem. Now, they are collaborating to develop effective treatment solutions and combat it.

People diagnosed with sleep apnea now have more treatment options than ever and are able to successfully overcome the problem. With effective treatment, the health risks associated with OSA can be alleviated.

As obstructive sleep apnea continues to present an increasing threat to the health of Americans, the medical community is working together to find treatment solutions. Learn about how dentists are working with physicians and sleep clinicians to treat the symptoms of sleep apnea.

What is Dental Sleep Medicine?

An area of specialization for dentists focuses on treating loud snoring and sleep apnea. This field is known as dental sleep medicine. Dentists trained in this field collaborate with doctors and clinicians to find the best treatment plan to address a patient’s sleep disorder. Their role is often to help manage a patient’s snoring and OSA symptoms through oral appliance therapy.

There are two dental appliances which may be recommended, together with CPAP therapy, to treat sleep apnea: mandibular advancement devices (MADs) and tongue-retaining mouthpieces.

Mandibular Advancement Devices

MADs look like athletic mouth guards which fit over the upper and lower sets of teeth. A hinge connects the two trays in the center. This device holds the lower jaw and tongue in a slightly forward position at night. It helps keep the soft tissues in the back of the mouth and throat from blocking the airway when they relax during sleep. Specially trained dentists can adjust the position and fit of MADs to increase comfort and effectiveness.

Tongue-Retaining Mouthpieces

For sleep apnea sufferers with minimal jaw flexibility, tongue-retaining mouthpieces may be helpful. These oral devices keep the tongue from falling back into the airway while sleeping. It fits around the tongue and holds it in place using a light suction force.

Dental Device Integration with Sleep Apnea Treatment

The first step for successful treatment of obstructive sleep apnea is to talk with your doctor about the symptoms you are experiencing. Then, a sleep study should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. This can be done either at a certified clinic or at home with the guidance of a clinician.

For most people with sleep apnea, CPAP therapy is recommended as the first treatment measure. Delivering a continuous stream of pressurized air throughout the night, CPAP therapy is the best way to support someone with moderate to severe OSA. Oral devices, including the MAD and tongue-retaining mouthpiece, can help those with mild sleep apnea. Successful treatment may also include using both an oral device and a CPAP machine.

Getting Oral Devices to Treat Sleep Apnea

Oral devices should only be used when recommended by your physician who is overseeing the treatment plan for OSA. These devices are provided by dentists specialized in sleep medicine who then follow up with their patient and help adjust the treatment plan as needed.

Over-the-counter devices for sleep apnea treatment are never recommended. Though these products are cheaper and readily available, they often only alleviate symptoms, such as snoring. Over-the-counter oral devices often do not prevent the dangerous apneas that occur while you are asleep.

What is the Role of Dentists in Treating Sleep Apnea?

Because sleep apnea is a growing threat for Americans and presents such dangerous health risks, doctors and dentists must work together to address the problem. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), dentists play a key role in diagnosing patients who are suffering from sleep-related breathing disorders.

By getting a patient’s full medical history, a dentist can identify symptoms and refer them to the appropriate doctor. Then, following a physical evaluation, diagnosis and sleep test, the dentist can help determine if an oral device could be an effective treatment solution. Only those trained in dental sleep medicine can provide the appropriate oral device and optimize the fit for the patient. As the patient continues sleep apnea treatment, the dentist will communicate with the physician to track progress and ensure the best treatment.

Find the Best Treatment Options for Sleep Apnea

The journey toward successful management of obstructive sleep apnea and its symptoms should start today. Discuss your concerns with your primary physician and request an overnight sleep evaluation. The trained specialists at Sleep Health Solutions will work with your healthcare providers to effectively diagnose and treat any sleep disorder.

by Sleep Health Solutions

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All About The Hard Palate

Your palate may love fine food and drinks. Or your palette may be the foundation for a beautiful piece of art. Those are possibilities. A reality, though, is that your hard palate, a different kind of palate, plays a significant role in your oral health. The hard palate is the roof of your mouth and it's not only impressive but important too.

Palate Anatomy

Your hard palate is that bony part found at the top of your mouth near the front of your oral cavity. With a hard palate comes a soft palate located in the back of your oral cavity with a much more fleshy-like surface. Your hard palate plays a significant role as it separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity while also aiding swallowing and speaking. Translation — it's a big deal.

Feeding and Speech Complications

If you've ever seen a baby with a cleft palate, it can break your heart. It's a disorder that consists of an opening within the hard palate that doesn't entirely fuse as it should and could extend to their nose or lips. It's one of the most common congenital disabilities in babies and can be extremely unsettling for parents.

A cleft palate could cause:

Difficulty with breastfeeding

Hearing problems

Dental issues

Speech difficulties

Social, emotional, behavioral issues

Some factors might put your baby at a higher risk of developing a cleft palate, notes the Mayo Clinic, including genetic family history, as well as smoking, drinking, or drug use during pregnancy, and other health issues. The good news — surgery and therapy can help remedy the look and complications a cleft palate may cause.

Oral Cancer and the Hard Palate

While a cleft palate is usually something addressed early on in childhood, cancer could strike at any time. There's a natural opening in the hard palate for nerves and blood vessels that's an ideal route for a tumor to make its way into the oral cavity. Possible causes for palate cancer include drinking, smoking, and reverse smoking (inserting the lit end of a cigarette into your mouth instead). Symptoms may include:

Mouth ulcer or mass growth

Foul odor

Loss of teeth

Speech issues

Difficulty swallowing

Jaw function

Lumps in the neck

Treatment possibilities consist of radiation, chemotherapy, chemoradiation (a combination of both), and surgery, the preferred route for the hard palate, says Cedars-Sinai. It's possible some bone could be removed along with the tumor. If a portion of the palate needs to be removed, there are denture-like prostheses that resemble teeth and the roof of your mouth.

Oral Effects of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Your hard palate can also be affected in other ways, including sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Two specific ones could impact the health of your hard palate:


This disease can leave lesions on both palates, lip, and tongue


Papillary or ulcerative white patches or warts have been known to form on the hard and soft palate if infected with this STD

If you experience anything like this, consult your doctor immediately for an STI screening and possible treatment options.

Like most parts of your body, seeing your dental professional and/or physician is essential. It allows them to properly examine your hard palate during regular checkups or if something irregular occurs. So make it easy on yourself and keep that hard palate of yours healthy.

by Colgate

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Cavity Prevention is Easier Than You Think

Did you know that tooth decay—or cavities—is the most “prevalent, chronic disease” according to the National Institutes of Health? The amount of children and adults alike that get tooth decay outweighs all the other types of disease and chronic conditions a person can develop. The crazy part is, most people don’t even realize that their cavities are actually considered to be a “disease”, nor do many people realize they even have cavities. Tooth decay is a 100% preventable condition with the right oral health habits. Cavity prevention involves some simple steps that make a not-so-simple difference in the health of your teeth and mouth.

Brush Your Teeth

When you eat, sugars in your food combine with bacteria in the mouth to form plaque. Your mouth makes this sticky, acidic substance every single time you eat. That means, the more sugar you eat, the more plaque you make. Plaque sits on your teeth because it’s so sticky and erodes your tooth enamel. If it sits there long enough, you will get cracks and open areas of your teeth, where plaque then gets inside your tooth and decays it. That decay is known as “cavities”, and cavities can lead to tooth loss.

Your gums also become irritated by acidic plaque, and will start to pull away from the teeth, leading to mushy, red and bleeding gums as well as tooth loss. The biggest way to prevent both of these issues is to brush your teeth! The American Dental Association recommends brushing your teeth at least twice a day, for two minutes at a time to keep your teeth healthy. Brush after every meal for even better cavity prevention, and especially brush your teeth before bedtime, so that cavities can’t form overnight.

Use Fluoride Products

Fluoride is a naturally-occurring mineral in the earth’s crust. In dental trials, it was found to act as a barrier between the teeth and acidic/sugary foods and drinks. Fluoride coats the teeth, helps them to remineralize, and diminishes damage caused by foods and drinks.

The American Dental Hygienists’ Association reports that fluoride was responsible for reducing tooth decay by 50-60% since World War II. This is because it was added to the public water supply to strengthen the teeth. If you want your teeth to be more resistant to the acid found in plaque, as well as erosion, use dental products with fluoride in them, or get a prescribed fluoride treatment from your dentist.

Don’t Forget to Floss

Did you know that flossing is integral to cavity prevention? So many people don’t floss, or don’t floss enough. However, studies show that about 40% of your tooth surfaces can’t be reached by simply brushing your teeth. That’s why you want to floss 1-2 times a day or after every meal to clean those areas of the mouth. Use new floss every time and floss all the way up in your gum line, making sure to gently scrape the teeth as you go.

Avoid Frequent Snacking

We mentioned brushing your teeth after every meal for great cavity prevention. This is what you definitely want to do if you are a frequent snacker. Snacking all day will continually expose your teeth to decay-causing plaque and acids. However, when you eat your 3-4 meals a day instead, you only have those times when sugars are hitting your teeth. For better cavity prevention, stick to set meals instead of all-day snacking.

Avoid Sugary Sweets and Drinks

Sugar is the main cause of cavities! Follow these tips for cavity prevention:

Limit your sugar consumption each day. Men should have no more than 9 teaspoons (36 grams) of sugar a day. Women should have no more than 6 teaspoons (25 grams), children should stop at 6 grams and infants should have none.

Avoid acidic drinks like juices and sodas. Sodas contain carbonic acid, which is an acid that erodes tooth enamel. It’s also full of sugar. Citrus drinks and juices contain citric acid as a preservative, which has the same effect. Sparkling water also contains carbonic acid.

Avoid hard candies, chewy candies, suckers, taffys and other types of candies that stay on the teeth for long periods of time. These decay the teeth easier.

If you drink carbonated, acidic, or sugary drinks, make sure you sip through a straw. This limits the drink’s contact with your teeth.


Eat Tooth-Healthy Foods

Some foods are great for the teeth, and those are ones that have minerals such as calcium and phosphate. Look for dairy foods such as milk, yogurt, cheese and eggs to help with cavity prevention. These foods will remineralize the teeth when you eat them, building them up stronger.

Visit the Dentist Regularly

What is the best way to prevent tooth decay from happening? Good oral hygiene! In fact, if you practice good oral hygiene, then you can potentially avoid tooth decay for your entire life. You can also avoid problems such as gum disease, which affects more than 64 million American adults.

We can detect the presence of tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral health problems if you’re visiting the dentist regularly. The ADA and other experts recommend visiting the dentist at least twice a year for comprehensive exams and dental cleanings. So many individuals fear the dentist because of the thought of shots and drills. Only 65% of people are visiting the dentist each year, and only once instead of twice. Exams and dental cleanings are non-invasive, don’t hurt and are the easiest dental services you can get. They are key in preventing tooth decay and gum health issues that would actually make you need dental work.

by Dr Ania

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Why Your Mouth May Taste Like Iron

If your mouth tastes like iron, you could be having an underlying oral condition. Having such taste in your mouth is a common occurrence linked to several oral conditions. Apart from that, it could also indicate a serious medical problem such as cancer or undiagnosed diabetes. However, these reasons are not so common, leaving your dental structure as the main culprit. Therefore, understanding some of the causes of iron taste in your mouth will help you protect yourself and your loved ones in the future.

Gum Disease

Having an iron taste in your mouth could be a sign of gum disease. This is more likely to be the case if bleeding gums accompany it. Gum disease stimulates the production of volatile sulfur compounds that produce bad breath and leave your mouth tasting different. If you have advanced gum disease, the iron taste is likely to get worse. This is why it is important to come in for treatment as soon as possible. Our professionals will examine you and fix the taste in your mouth.

Poor Oral Hygiene

If you don’t take good care of your mouth, you can develop a taste of iron in your mouth. Poor oral health results in serious oral conditions like tooth infections, gingivitis, and periodontitis. As much as these infections can be treated, they will cause a bad breath and an iron taste. This is why it is important to practice good oral hygiene. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss on a regular basis. You should also come in for regular oral exams.

Prescription Drugs

There are some prescription drugs that leave a taste of iron in your mouth. Medications like tetracycline, lithium, and allopurinol, which are used to treat psychiatric conditions, can leave an iron taste in your mouth. Visit our offices for more information on why you can taste iron in your mouth.

Why you can stop spiraling: Almost everyone gets them. Your tonsils have tons of tiny crevices where bacteria and dead cells can get trapped and harden and occasionally stick together in chunks of foul-smelling white stuff that you suddenly feel under the back of your tongue, says Brunilda Nazario, M.D., an associate medical director at WebMD. If you've had bouts of tonsillitis, you're especially stones-prone.


by Periodontal and Implant Surgeons of Houston

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Three Teeth Alignment Issues That Orthodontics Can Fix

Orthodontics can be used to treat a variety of teeth alignment issues, like a crossbite or crooked teeth. The alignment of a person’s teeth plays an important role when it comes to their oral and overall health. A person has a bad bite when some or all of their teeth do not come together as they should when the mouth is closed.

This often leads to a range of problems, from not being able to properly chew food to ruining the way that the person’s smile looks. Fortunately, orthodontics provides dentists with various options when it comes to correcting problems with their patients’ teeth alignment.

Common teeth alignment issues that orthodontics can fix

Dealing with poorly aligned teeth? Here are common teeth alignment issues that orthodontic devices like braces can correct.

1. Crossbite

A person is said to have a crossbite when their upper set of teeth sits on the inside of the lower set when their mouth is closed. The issue might only affect a tooth or an entire set of teeth. When left untreated, a crossbite can lead to other problems, such as uneven jaw development, worn-down teeth enamel, and unbalanced jaw movement.

A patient has a subsequent crossbite when their upper teeth at the back sit inside the bottom teeth. A frontal crossbite occurs when the top teeth sit behind the bottom teeth.

The severity of a patient’s condition often determines how a dentist approaches treating their crossbite. Clear aligners can be used if the patient’s issue is not caused by their jaw being in the wrong position, while braces can be used in all cases.

2. Underbite

An underbite occurs when the lower set of teeth protrude past the upper set. It creates a “bulldog” type of look, with the patient appearing to frown whenever their face is in a neutral position. The condition puts stress on a person’s teeth and often leads to teeth wearing down or becoming damaged. The condition also weakens the temporomandibular joints (TMJ), increasing the risk of TMJ-related issues developing.

Braces are required to treat severe underbites because there might be a need to move the position of the patient’s jaw. Minor cases can be treated with clear aligners.

3. Open bite

A frontal open bite occurs when the upper and lower jaws do not extend as far out as they should. The condition can be the result of mouth breathing, tongue pushing, or extreme thumb sucking. A posterior open bite occurs when only the back teeth fail to extend as they should.

An open bite often leads to tongue thrusts, speech issues, and difficulty swallowing. Minor cases can be treated with clear aligners, while severe cases require braces and other appliances that can move the patient’s jaw.

by Thanasas Family Dental Care

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Why Aren’t The Teeth In My Mouth All The Same?

If they were all the same, eating would be very difficult! Your teeth are specialised for different tasks, so they have different shapes.

The four teeth right at the front of your mouth on your top and bottom jaws are called incisors. They are chisel-shaped and used for biting into foods like an apple or a banana.

On either side of them are the canines at each end of your incisors. These pointy teeth are your sharpest teeth. They are used for ripping food apart – such as meat off a bone.

The next ones are four pairs of premolars, one on each side of your jaws. They are bigger than your incisors and canines and have ridged flat areas for crushing and grinding your food into smaller pieces.

Your children will not have premolars until sometime after they are ten years old. Their adult premolars grow after they lose their baby molars and their adult molars eventually come in behind the premolars.

If you are concerned about when or how your child’s teeth are erupting, please contact us at your Epping Dentist so we can check out the situation.

Finally, most adults have twelve molars at the back of each jaw. Some adults only have eight as there may not have been enough room for the last four, the wisdom teeth to erupt – or perhaps, they were removed.

The molars’ flattish surfaces grind your food to make it small and mushy enough for you to swallow safely. As you chew, your tongue sweeps the food to the back of your mouth so your molars can do that.

And please! We at your Epping Dentist implore you to be diligent with your tooth cleaning (with fluoride toothpaste) and flossing, so your teeth remain strong throughout your life. After all, your own incisors, canines, premolars, and molars are the best for biting and chewing the food you eat to start your digestive processes. Not to mention talking and smiling!

by Rawson Dental

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Dry Mouth At Night: Causes And Management Tips

Have you ever woken from a sound sleep with a dry mouth at night? Dry mouth syndrome, or a dry mouth (xerostomia) can be caused by something as simple as sleeping with your mouth open or as complex as a medication side effect. Read on to find out what may be the cause of your night-time dryness.

Signs of a dry mouth

A dry mouth is caused by the salivary glands not producing enough saliva to keep the mouth moist. Saliva is essential as it is key to washing debris from your teeth and remineralising tooth enamel, among other things. With too little of it, you may be at increased risk of tooth decay.

Aside from increasing your risk for cavities, a dry mouth can be quite uncomfortable. If you are experiencing a dry mouth throughout the night, you may notice some signs in the morning, such as:

a sticky feeling in your mouth

thick or stringy saliva

bad breath

a dry or sore throat

cracked or chapped lips

mouth sores

a change in the sense of taste

What causes xerostomia?

The occasional case of a dry mouth may merely be due to dehydration. However, age, medical conditions and habits can also contribute to its symptoms. Healthdirect reports that several medications can cause dry mouth, including over-the-counter medications. It's also associated with diabetes and the autoimmune disorder Sjogren's syndrome.

According to Cancer Council NSW, cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy and radiation, can change or damage the salivary glands, as can nerve damage to the head and neck area.

Regular tobacco and alcohol use can lead to xerostomia. Besides putting you at risk for oral cancer, smoking causes changes in saliva production. Alcoholic drinks and tobacco also irritate an already dry mouth and contribute to bad breath.

Ways to manage a dry mouth at night


Suppose your dry mouth is caused by dehydration. In that case, treatment could be as simple as ensuring you drink plenty of water throughout the day and before going to bed. However, xerostomia caused by medication and other health conditions might need more help to stimulate saliva production or provide lubrication, such as:

sipping water frequently

chewing sugar-free gum

using a bedroom humidifier

sucking on sugar-free lozenges


As always, make sure you regularly visit your dental health professional – at the frequency they recommend – for optimal oral health care. If you are experiencing a dry mouth, regular cleanings and fluoride treatments can help prevent dental decay and gum disease. Your dentist may also recommend a hydrating rinse to help keep your mouth more comfortable. Hopefully, regardless of the cause of your dry mouth, you and your dental team can work together to find a solution that's right for you.

by Colgate

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