My BEST Dentists Journal


Eight Reasons Your Teeth Hurt—And What To Do About Each One

There's nothing more aggravating or borderline debilitating than tooth irritation. And along with the pesky pain comes the daunting reality that you could have a dentist appointment in your near future involving novocaine, a root canal, and a three-day recovery.

But before you call out of work, line up your Netflix cue, and beg a friend to come over for support, it’s important to consider the many reasons why your teeth hurt that might not be cavity-related at all. “Toothache or tooth pain can be the result of a myriad of causes other than a simple cavity,” says Gerry Curatola, DDS, dentist and founder of Rejuvenation Dentistry and RealSelf advisor. “That’s why it’s important to be discerning and attentive to what type of pain it is, where it’s coming from, and when it’s happening.”

To help you pinpoint the issue and avoid experiencing unnecessary anxiety, we got the lowdown on the other reasons you might be experiencing dental discomfort.

1. You have super sensitive teeth.

If you feel like your tooth pain always comes on while you're enjoying cold food or drinks, like when you drink ice water or bite into an ice cream bar, you might be dealing with tooth sensitivity, says Helen Martinez-Barron, DDS, a dentist at Pearland Family Dentistry in the Houston area. “This is most commonly caused by enamel that is worn very thin or completely worn through, which is due to wear from teeth grinding and acid erosion caused by acidic foods or GI issues such as acid reflux or frequent vomiting,” explains Dr. Martinez-Barron.

Sensitivity to heat, meanwhile, is generally due to issues with the tooth's pulp, or nerve, as it is one of the last symptoms felt before the nerve dies, she says. Deep decay, cracks or extensive dental work can cause eventual nerve death, usually indicating that you need a root canal.

How to treat it: Treatment for cold sensitivity can depend on the degree of pain, says Dr. Martinez-Barron. Dull or slight sensitivity is usually alleviated by using a toothpaste containing potassium nitrate or stannous fluoride, such as Sensodyne.

“If the sensitivity is a bit more pronounced, we have products that can be applied in-office, such as a higher concentration of fluoride applied in trays, or a desensitizing treatment called Gluma, which is similar to Sensodyne, or even steroids,” says Dr. Martinez-Barron. “Severe sensitivity will often require complete coverage of the remaining tooth structure with a crown, which is common for patients with acid erosion.”

2. You’re experiencing TMD (temporomandibular disorder).

Commonly referred to as TMJ, which actually refers to the affected temporomandibular joint, TMD can be pretty mysterious as the cause isn't always apparent, says Dr. Martinez-Barron. “TMD can be caused by injury to the jaw, such as a blow,” she explains. “Other causes can be clenching or grinding of the teeth (which puts a lot of pressure on the joint), dislocation of the disc between the skull and the mandible, or arthritis.”

How to treat it: Treatment for TMD depends on the cause, says Dr. Martinez-Barron. If you clench your teeth and experience joint pain, headaches, limited mouth opening and facial pain, Botox injections in your mastication muscles can help to lessen the force with which they contract. Other, more cost-effective remedies include custom-made or over-the-counter mouth guards, physical therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen or naproxen, muscle relaxers, or even a heating pad.

3. You recently had your teeth whitened.

Teeth whitening can cause sensitivity, as the bleach can cause the teeth to become temporarily porous, says Dr. Martinez-Barron. This almost always resolves itself within a few days, or by using a toothpaste like Sensodyne.

How to treat it: “You can help to minimize sensitivity by brushing your teeth with Sensodyne a week or two before a bleaching treatment,” she says.

4. You brush too hard, and it's led to gum recession.

Of course you want to get those puppies as clean as a whistle, but applying too much pressure or brushing too aggressively can actually lead to more problems—and pain.

“Doing this wears away at the actual tooth structure, as well as the recession of the gums that normally covers the root of the tooth,” says Ira Handschuh, DDS, dentist at the Dental Design Center in White Plains, New York. You may notice extreme sensitivity to eating and drinking cold items, which is due to your root structure being more exposed.

How to treat it: While you can’t “undo” the damage caused by over-brushing, you can make an appointment with your dentist, who can place tooth-colored fillings on the areas where the tooth has worn away, says Dr. Handschuh. “Sometimes even placing a gum graft to build the gums back to the height they were originally is also possible,” he says. Your best bet to avoid this fate altogether: Invest in a high quality electronic toothbrush or a manual extra-soft bristled brush, and dial back the pressure.

5. You have a gum infection.

If you’ve been told that you have periodontal (gum) disease, you’re far from alone. In fact, nearly half of the U.S. adult population 30 and older has mild, moderate, or severe periodontitis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

But even if you’re lucky enough to not have it, you can still contract a gum infection. “This occurs when germs or bacteria enter the teeth or gum area and multiply to a point where the body cannot fight off the bad bacteria,” says Melissa Thompson, DDS, a Massachusetts-based dentist and owner of three Aspen Dental practices. “The infection may cause pain or swelling, a small pimple above the tooth or area, the release of pus, or even a bad taste in the mouth.”

How to treat it: As soon as you notice any of these signs, it’s best to get to your dentist’s office, stat. “Gum infection may lead to an abscess, which can cause even worse pain,” says Dr. Handschuh. “Your dentist will have to clean out the gum region around the infected tooth and prescribe antibiotics and oral rinses immediately.”

6. You've experienced tooth trauma.

Surprisingly, you might not be aware that you've had tooth trauma. It can be the result of an incident that happened many years ago. “This can entail anything from falling and hitting the teeth, being in a car accident where there’s a force to the mouth or jaw, or even chewing on some type of food that traumatizes the tooth,” says Dr. Handschuh.

Along with tooth trauma or a tooth fracture comes increased pain and sensitivity when chewing, which causes the tooth to flex and irritates the nerve endings within the tooth. “If a patient were to fall and hit or damage a tooth, their dentist would need to keep watch on that tooth with regular follow-ups and X-rays to make sure there’s no infection and also that the nerve inside the tooth is not dying,” says Dr. Thompson.

If the tooth has died as a result of trauma, signs would include discoloration on the outside of the tooth and temperature sensitivity.

How to treat it: “A root canal and crown is typically the treatment recommended for a dead tooth, and, if the tooth needed to be removed, implanting a bridge or removable appliance such as a partial denture would be the next step,” she says.

7. You have a nasty sinus infection.

Especially during allergy and flu season, a sinus infection may creep up in a way that doesn’t even feel like a normal one. “Since the roots of certain teeth actually sit right by the sinuses, the pressure from a sinus infection actually mirrors tooth pain,” says Dr. Handschuh.

How to treat it: You may have to wait out the sinus to get rid of the tooth achiness. “Instead of dental treatment, one would need medication like a decongestant and possible antibiotic prescribed by their family physician,” says Dr. Handschuh.

8. You grind or clench your teeth while you sleep.

Maybe a significant other has already clued you into the fact that you have this habit, but it can cause more than just annoyance to your bed partner. “In some cases, chronic teeth grinding can result in a fractured or loose tooth,” says Dr. Handschuh. “So it’s very important to have your teeth evaluated by your dentist so he or she can examine the way your teeth fit together, and consider whether or not any of them are hitting too hard or too early.”

An imbalance in where your teeth meet when they grind together is what can cause problems like tooth and muscle pain.

How to treat it: “There are many ways to treat this type of pain, one of which might be the use of a night guard, which assists in removing forces off of some teeth and placing the forces evenly throughout the oral cavity,” he says.

The bottom line: Tooth pain might have a simple, easy-to-treat cause or it may be more complicated, so it’s best to always play it safe and head to your dentist’s office for an evaluation.

by Jenn Sinrich and Emilia Benton

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Causes of a sore on the side of the tongue

A sore on the side of the tongue can develop for a wide variety of reasons. Often, mouth sores are not a sign of a serious condition. They may be canker sores, cold sores, or the result of a minor injury.

In some cases, severe, recurring, or persistent mouth sores can be a symptom of an underlying condition.

This article discusses possible symptoms of sores on the side of the tongue. It also looks at the common causes, treatments, and remedies for tongue sores, as well as when to speak to a doctor.

Signs and symptoms

Sores on the side of the tongue can look and feel different depending on what is causing them. They may be:

small and red

larger, with a white or gray center and red edges

open and bleeding

Sores on the side of the tongue can also occur alongside other symptoms, such as swelling or difficulty chewing or swallowing.

Minor conditions are responsible for most mouth sores, but sores on the side of the tongue can be a sign of an underlying condition that may require medical attention.

Canker sores, or mouth ulcers, are small harmless sores that can appear on the tongue. The symptoms of canker sores include:

small sores that begin as a red bump and then develop a white or gray center with flat red edges

pain and soreness

symptoms that worsen when a person eats salty, spicy, or acidic foods

Canker sores tend to heal on their own in 7–10 days. They are not contagious.

Doctors do not know exactly what causes canker sores, but the United Kingdom’s National Health Service (NHS) note that the following factors can trigger them:

minor injuries, such as biting the tongue, rubbing from braces or dentures, and food burns while eating

food intolerances or allergies

stress or tiredness

an iron or vitamin B12 deficiency

certain medications, such as beta-blockers or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

stopping smoking

Hormonal changes, such as those that take place during pregnancy, and genetics can also make canker sores more likely for some people. Those with chronic conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBS) and celiac disease, may also experience them.


There is no permanent cure for canker sores. Often, they heal on their own without medical treatment. However, there are ways to relieve the symptoms.

People can obtain over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), from a pharmacist. There are also topical products for canker sores that people apply inside the mouth to numb the pain.

Frequent canker sores may indicate an underlying condition, such as a vitamin deficiency, which may require medical attention.

Cold sores

Cold sores are fluid-filled blisters that occur due to an infection with the herpes simplex virus (HSV). They typically appear around the mouth but sometimes develop on the tongue.

The symptoms of cold sores include:

a tingling or burning sensation before the cold sore develops

painful, fluid-filled blisters that rupture, leak fluid, and then scab over

sores that heal and then reappear, sometimes in response to stress or an illness

Some people also experience fever during cold sore flare-ups.

Cold sores take about 1 week to heal fully. During that time, they are contagious because the fluid inside them contains HSV. For this reason, it is important to avoid picking the sores and take steps to prevent HSV from transmitting others.


There is no cure for cold sores, but for most people, neither the sores nor the virus causes serious problems. During cold sore flare-ups, people can use OTC pain medications to ease pain and swelling.

People with severe cold sores or a compromised immune system can obtain antiviral medication from a doctor. These medications shorten the duration of cold sores, but they do not entirely prevent them.


Many tongue sores are canker sores or cold sores. These are relatively harmless conditions that can cause pain and discomfort but will typically heal on their own. People can take OTC medications or try topical remedies for symptom relief.

Recurring sores on the side of the tongue may indicate an underlying condition. In these cases, a doctor or dentist can help determine the cause and put a treatment plan in place.

by Medical News Today

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The Easiest Ways To Improve Your Oral Health

Strong, healthy teeth and gums will give you a great smile and avoid a host of problems associated with diseases such as tooth decay and gum infection. The state of your oral health can also impact your overall well being. For instance, if your gums become infected, the germs can spread to other areas of your body, including vital organs.

Although oral diseases are widespread, the good news is that they’re preventable if you take a few simple steps.

If your New Year resolve to lead a better life has been less than successful, we offer five top tips in key oral health areas on the importance of:

A healthy diet.

Giving up smoking.

Drinking plenty of water.

Regular dental check-ups.

How cosmetic dentistry can improve your oral health.

Eating Correctly For Oral Health Improvement

Many people make New Year resolutions to eat healthier, with the goal of losing weight, lowering cholesterol levels, or simply getting more nutrients. Whatever inspired your aim of a better diet, eating healthier will benefit your whole body, including your oral health.

Fruit and vegetables are rich in antioxidants, which play a major role in neutralising the free radicals in your body that attack protein, fats and DNA in cells, causing a range of ailments and speeding up the aging process. Go for fruits and vegetables of different colours when you plan your meals. This will give your diet the widest variety of beneficial antioxidants.

The best sources of antioxidants include:







Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables will also help to lessen the risk of gum infections and tooth decay.

Need Help to Quit Smoking?

Smoking is a dangerous habit, and the nicotine in tobacco is highly addictive, which makes it extremely difficult to quit.

Kicking the smoking habit will reduce the risk of cancer, heart problems and lung disorders. It will also help to safeguard you against tooth loss, gum disease and oral cancer.

The Reader’s Digest magazine has compiled a list of 20-plus ways to help smokers to quit, including healthy alternatives to overcome the craving. Your dentist or doctor can also offer advice on the best ways to stop smoking.

Make Sure You Stay Hydrated

Drinking the recommended eight glasses (eight ounces) of water each day will go a long way towards keeping your body hydrated and functioning effectively.

Every organ, cell and tissue in your body needs water to work properly. Water also rinses away bacteria and neutralises acids in the mouth, which helps to protect tooth enamel. When you’re thirsty, opt for water rather than sodas or other sugar-rich drinks.

See Your Kitchener Dentist Regularly To Improve Your Oral Health

Visiting your dentist every six months for check-ups is crucial in maintaining your oral health and overall wellbeing. Your oral health can provide clues to problems with your general health, and dental issues can impact other areas of your body if undetected.

Check-ups by your Kitchener dentist Lancaster Dental can detect multiple problems before they become a serious issue, including signs of:

Tooth decay and the cavities it can cause.

Gum disease.

Regular check-ups also give your dentist or dental hygienist the opportunity to carry out a professional cleaning to get rid of bacteria, plaque and tartar, which can build up even if you brush and floss regularly.

Health benefits of Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry isn’t just about looking good. Problems such as crooked or missing teeth not only spoil your appearance but also affect your oral health and function. Numerous cosmetic treatments are available at Lancaster Dental to give both your smile and your health a makeover. These include:

• Crowns.

• Inlays.

• Onlays

• Veneers.

A healthy diet, regular dental check-ups, staying hydrated and quitting smoking will put you firmly on the path to a healthy mouth and help to keep your whole body in good condition.

To boost your new regime of oral healthcare at home, preventive treatments are available including fluoride applications and dental sealants.

by Lancaster Dental

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How Often Should My Child See A Dentist?

Sometimes it can be hard to tell how much dental care a child needs. Parents usually have lots of different questions, such as when their child should first visit the dentist, at what age their child should start flossing, and how often to schedule regular dental checkups.

Wondering How Often Your Child Should See a Dentist?

Caring for your child’s teeth should begin before they ever have their first dentist visit; in fact, it should start before your child even has any visible teeth. A baby is born with 20 primary teeth under their gums, these begin to emerge at around six months of age. Before these baby teeth erupt, it’s advisable to clean their gums with a damp washcloth to wipe away any harmful bacteria. Once their teeth begin to emerge, that’s when you should gently brush them with a soft baby toothbrush and plain water.

The ADA Says Your Child Should See a Dentist Before They Are 1

According to the American Dental Association, a child’s first visit to the dentist should happen by his or her first birthday. During their first visit to the dentist, the focus will be on introducing your child to the dentist, getting them comfortable in the dentist’s chair and teaching parents how to provide oral care for their baby. In most cases you won’t have to return for another year, when your child reaches two years old. Subsequently, your child should begin regular visits to the dentist every six months, just like adults do. Pediatric Dentists often take a child’s first dental x-rays between the ages of 4 and 6 years old.

Most Pediatric Dentists Recommend Dental Sealants To Prevent Cavities From Forming

Between ages 6 and 12, when baby teeth are still present, a child’s dental care begins to shift to prevention treatments. Between ages 7-9, your child’s Pediatric Dentist will most probably recommend applying a dental sealant, which is a plastic resin that bonds to chewing surfaces and protects teeth from cavities. Sealants are most commonly applied to molars, which contain grooves and valleys for bacteria to adhere to and cause cavities.

How Many Times a Year Should My Child See a Dentist?

When To Tell If Your Child Needs Braces

At around 7 years of age is the optimum time for a child to have an orthodontic evaluation. If braces are required, the Orthodontist will probably not recommend fitting your child for braces until their early teens; however, identifying any causes for crooked teeth when they are in pre-adolesence may help determine what they will need for a healthy mouth through adulthood.

What Kids Should Expect During Their Dental Visit

On your child’s first visit to our office, the dentist will ask for a full health history and perform a brief examination of the teeth and jaw structure. On subsequent up visits, if your child’s health status has changed, make sure to inform the Dentist during your visit. Here’s what your child can expect during most visits to the dentist.

They Will Have Their Teeth Cleaned

One of our dental hygienists or the dentist themselves will scrape elow the gum line to remove any built-up plaque and tartar, both can cause gum disease, bad breath, tooth decay and other problems. We will then polish and floss your child’s teeth.

We Will Perform A Complete Dental Examination

Your child’s Pediatric Dentist will perform a complete and thorough dental exam of their teeth, gums and mouth, looking for any signs of disease or other conditions.

Occassionally Perform X-Rays

X-rays can often diagnose problems which go otherwise unnoticed until pain makes them noticeable, such as damage to jawbones, impacted teeth, abscesses, cysts or tumors, and decay between the teeth.

Help Your Child Establish Good Dental Habits

Start taking your child to the dentist at a young age and stick to a regular schedule of dental checkups. You can avoid most major dental problems, or catch them early on and avoid unnecessary pain and expense by establishing good routines. Gold Pediatric Dentistry & Orthodontics are pediatric dentists that specialize in children’s dental health. Our Pediatric Dentists are skilled at putting frightened children at ease and also knowledgeable about when to refer you to another specialist such as an orthodontist or oral surgeon. If you’ve been looking for a good family dentist in Burke, Dale City, Woodbridge or Dale City – give our practice a call today. We provide Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics, general dentistry for adults and emergency dental care.

Consistency Is The Key To Good Oral Health

The number one way to ensure your child’s oral health is consistent is to: brush twice a day, floss at bedtime, and get regular dental exams. A Pediatric Dentist can instruct your child on proper brushing techniques and how to floss. The doctor will let your child know if they are leaving plaque behind while brushing and how to correct their brushing habits. This type of instruction is taken more seriously when it comes from the dentist than when it comes from a parent usually. Just adhere to a recommended dentist exam schedule and you’ll provide you child with excellent oral care and a healthy smile that should last them a lifetime.

by Golden Pediatric Dentistry & Orthodontics

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Stop Biting Your Tongue: How And Why It Happens

Ouch! You bit your tongue! That unmistakable pain is both surprising and frustrating. It’s not fun when you bite your tongue. No one likes that jolting sensation sent throughout your mouth and your whole body. Everyone makes this mistake every so often, but if you bite your tongue frequently, there may be a cause for concern. To stop biting your tongue, you first need to learn more about why it happens.

But don’t be alarmed.  First, it’s essential to understand that you can bite your tongue in different ways and for various reasons. Some bite it while they eat, while others find out they’ve bitten their tongue during sleep. What does this mean for you, and what can be done to stop biting your tongue? 

Biting Your Tongue Frequently When You Eat

We don’t often think about how powerful our teeth are when we chomp down on our favorite foods. Our teeth are great at tenderizing meat and crushing up food into smaller sizes so it can smoothly go through our digestive system. But while you are chowing down on your next meal, you might accidentally bite on your tongue. When this happens once, it’s just a mistake, but if it happens more often than that, there may be another problem at play. 

It’s All About the Brain

The biggest reason why you may bite your tongue while you eat is due to coordination. There’s a part of the brain known as the pons that is responsible for controlling habitual actions like biting, chewing, swallowing, and more. It’s an action we don’t really have to think about. We just do it.

Sometimes, the pons gets its signals crossed, and it misses a step in its otherwise perfect coordination. This could be due to an outside distraction – the urge to talk while eating, for example – that drowns out the signals the pons might be sending to help control your tongue.

Does This Mean Something Serious?

In most cases, there isn’t a more significant issue at play, and you have nothing to worry about. Wires get crossed when there is too much brain stimulus at once. Suck on an ice cube for a while or follow Healthline’s guide for tongue pain to get rid of that irritating sensation!

Biting Your Tongue in Your Sleep

What happens when you wake up with a sore and swollen tongue? It’s possible that you bit your tongue during your sleep. While this happens to everyone every so often, there may be more serious underlying issues that cause your tongue to fall victim to your chompers repeatedly. 

Frequent tongue-biting may be an indication of:

Sleep apnea

Night seizures

Rhythmic movement disorder

Bruxism (teeth grinding)

If you suspect that one of the above ailments may be preventing you from getting a good night’s sleep (and hurting your tongue in the process), you ought to schedule a consultation with your dentist as well as a potential sleep doctor. Sleep-related disorders are dangerous and can affect not only your mouth but the health of your entire body. 

Getting Help for Sleep-Related Dental Issues

Some of the more common sleep-related dental ailments, such as bruxism, can be solved with a visit to your trusted dentist. You can get fitted for a nightguard, a rubbery device that you can wear, which protects your teeth from biting down on anything in your mouth. This will surely save your tongue a lot of pain!

If you are suffering from a sleeping disease, such as sleep apnea or night seizures, you may need a referral to a sleep specialist so you can get your needs assessed as quickly as possible. Our friendly dental experts at Star Dental Group Riverside would be happy to schedule a consultation with you to determine your needs and find ways for you to stop biting your tongue.

Protect Your Tongue Today!

Having trouble with constantly biting down on your tongue? Stop the suffering now by scheduling a consultation with your local dentist. You can have a conversation with our dental experts about the health of your mouth, teeth, and tongue, and we can suggest the best possible solutions for you to stop biting your tongue.

by Star Dental Group

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How to Check Health from a Simple Tongue Test?

Your tongue is the key factor in determining many conditions and the overall health of the body. A thorough tongue checkup can reveal if you are healthy or not.

A healthy and normal tongue is pinkish-red, moist, and with a rough surface. Any discomfort such as pain, burning, stinging sensation, burning, swelling or numbness may be a cause of concern. A tongue disease may possibly be a symptom of some severe and long-term illness and signals us that something is awry.

Some of the common problems related to tongue include:


Increase in size or swelling

Bumps and pain

Disability to taste food

Difficulty in movement

Changes in texture

These tongue problems can be harmless and may occur due to infections, stress, medications and even aging. But some other problems can be caused due to nerve damage, cancer, autoimmune disorders, and hormonal changes and need immediate doctor’s consultation.

You can perform a simple tongue test yourself, just stick out your tongue in front of the mirror and look out for any unusual changes. Below is a detailed explanation of what all your tongue indicates about your health.

If your tongue has white patches

If you see white patches  on your tongue it could be an indication of:

Oral thrush: Also called candidiasis, oral thrush is a yeast infection that develops inside the mouth. The white patches are often the consistency of cottage cheese and can be scraped away. Oral thrush typically affects infants and the elderly especially those with the weak immune system. It also affects people with autoimmune diseases, people with uncontrolled diabetes and chemotherapy patients. Oral thrush can cause pain and taste disturbances.

Leukoplakia: If your tongue has hard, flat, white patches that cannot be scraped off, it could be leukoplakia. It can develop when the tongue has been irritated. The use of tobacco products is the most common factor that contributes to leukoplakia. Although leukoplakia is usually not harmful it can be a precursor to cancer. So, if you see any white patches, go to your doctor for evaluation.

Oral Lichen Planus: It is a chronic inflammatory condition caused by an autoimmune response. If you see a network of raised white lace-like patterns on your tongue, it could be an oral lichen planus. It usually resolves on its own, but if the condition persists consult your doctor.

If your tongue is Bright Red

Vitamin deficiency: If your tongue has a reddish appearance, it can be due to Folic acid and vitamin B-12 deficiencies.

Scarlet fever: If you have a high fever and your tongue has a strawberry-like(red and bumpy) appearance, you could be suffering from scarlet fever. You need to check with your doctor and complete a course of antibiotics to treat scarlet fever.

Kawasaki disease: A strawberry-red tongue could also be a sign of Kawasaki disease, a rare but serious condition that inflames blood vessels all over the body. It is accompanied by high fever and affects children under the age of 5 years. Kawasaki syndrome demands demand immediate medical evaluation.

Black and hairy tongue

A tongue that appears black and covered in dark hair is an indication of poor oral hygiene or bad tongue health. The papilla is small bumps on the surface of our tongue, which grows throughout the lifetime and are washed out by chewing or drinking. But, in some people, they grow excessively long making them more likely to nurture bacteria. This condition is usually uncommon and is not serious.

Swelling or increased size of the tongue

Referred to as macroglossia, swelling or enlargement of the tongue can be a result of allergies, medication, an injury or an underlying medical condition such as amyloidosis. An injury from hot food or liquid or simply biting the tongue can also cause the irritation and swelling of the tongue.

Bumpy or sore tongue

If you have painful bumps and sores on your tongue. They can be due to:

Trauma: We sometimes accidentally bite our tongue while chewing food or when we eat something hot, it can lead to a sore tongue. Damage takes its own time to heal. Grinding and clenching of teeth can also cause injuries and pain.

Smoking: Smoking causes irritation of the tongue and can make it sore and painful

Canker sores: These are the small bumps also called mouth ulcers that come and go on their own. They mostly occur under the tongue and normally heal within a week or two.

Oral cancer: If you have a lump or sore on your tongue that does not resolve itself within two weeks, it could be an indication of oral cancer. Get it checked immediately. Most oral cancers do not cancer do not cause any pain in the early stage, so do not ignore it.

It is important to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth and tongue on a daily basis. Check for any discoloration, bumps, sores or pain and consult your doctor for a diagnosis. He would be able to determine the exact cause of your tongue problem.

by Medi Wheel

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Can Adults Get Wisdom Teeth Issues?

If you’ve been experiencing chronic tooth pain you may be wondering “can adults get wisdom teeth issues?” The answer is yes. Wisdom teeth are the last permanent teeth to appear in the mouth. Many people commonly get their wisdom teeth removed between 17 and 25 years of age. Yet, some people opt to wait. Whether it’s because of financial reasons or fear of the procedure, some don’t get their wisdom teeth removed until later in life.

Can Adults Get Wisdom Teeth Issues?

There’s more than one reason adults get their wisdom teeth removed. Keep reading to discover several of them.

1. Impacted Teeth

These teeth often don’t have enough room to erupt into the mouth as they should. They can erupt partially or not at all. Impacted teeth can grow at an angle toward the back of your mouth or toward the next tooth. They can even grow straight up and down, but stay trapped within the jawbone. Impacted teeth can also cause damage to a nearby tooth or bone and trap food behind the wisdom tooth.

2. Pain

As an adult you may suddenly begin experiencing pain in your mouth. This can happen because there is pressure on the wisdom teeth nerves as they continue to develop. Another common problem is cavities forming in the teeth near your wisdom teeth which cause pain and discomfort.

3. Tooth Decay

It’s not easy to clean wisdom teeth. Even if they erupt as they should, they are often crowded by the teeth next to them. This makes brushing and flossing hard to do. Cavities are an issue because of this.

4. Infection

Pain is never enjoyable, but infection is a big problem. When wisdom teeth can’t erupt as they should infection can happen in the gums. This causes oral problems because it damages nearby healthy teeth.

5. Misalignment Problems

When wisdom teeth erupt, they can force other teeth to move. This causes issues because it can require dental work so those teeth forced to move can return to their proper alignment.


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Split Lip: Treatment, Causes, Vitamin Deficiency and Infection

Your lips are made of skin that is soft and delicate. As a result, they can easily crack and split under certain conditions.

Although it can be painful and bleed, splitting doesn’t usually indicate a serious problem. Nonetheless, this condition can be bothersome, so it’s important to understand the cause of a split lip and ways to promote healing.

Causes of a split lip

Since a split lip can develop gradually, it may be difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. Understanding possible reasons can help you determine the best way to treat and prevent future splitting. Common causes include:

1. Chapped lips

Chapped lips is a form of lip inflammation trigged by skin irritation. Lips can become extremely dry and cracked any time of the year due to environmental factors such as cold weather, dry air, and wind exposure. Angular cheilitis specifically affects the corners of the mouth and can be due to environmental factors and a host of other causes.

Lips are particularly prone to flaking, peeling, splitting, and dryness since they don’t have the same protection from the elements as other skin. They’re also unable to produce their own moisture.

2. Sun damage

We use sunscreen to protect our bodies from the sun’s harmful UV rays. It’s important to protect your lips as well. Exposing unprotected lips to the sun can lead to inflammation.

Long-term exposure causes the lips to become stiff and dry, resulting in cracking or splitting.

3. Lip injury

A split lip can also occur after an injury. This includes a blow to the mouth, falling and hitting your mouth, biting your lip, or getting a paper cut.

In addition to a split lip, you may also experience bleeding and swelling.

4. Dehydration

Sometimes, a split lip is due to an underlying medical problem like dehydration. This is when your body doesn’t have a sufficient amount of fluid. You can become dehydrated from vomiting, diarrhea, intense sweating, and illness. There’s also the risk of dehydration if you don’t take in enough fluids. Dehydration makes it harder for your body to function properly. Severe dehydration can be life-threatening.

5. Vitamin and mineral deficiency

Vitamin B includes thiamine, niacin, biotin, folic acid, and riboflavin. These are water-soluble vitamins that play a role in metabolism, provide energy, and help your body fight diseases.

Since vitamin B also contributes to healthy skin, a deficiency can cause a variety of skin problems such as acne, split lips, dryness, and rashes. Low levels of zinc and iron can also lead to split lips, especially at the corners of the mouth.

6. Allergy

An allergic reaction to lipstick, toothpaste, moisturizers, and any item applied to or around your lips could cause a split lip. Other symptoms could include severe dryness, irritation and itching, or an acute eczema-like rash on the lips.

If you develop lip problems after using a new lip product, discontinue use and see if your condition improves. This condition can become ongoing if the problem causing the allergy is not identified and corrected.

How to treat a split lip

Treatment for a split lip includes:

Protect your lips

Exposure to cold air, dry air, wind, and the sun can dry out lips and cause cracking and splitting. Apply lip balm or petroleum jelly to your lips before heading outdoors. This provides a protective barrier to keep your lips moisturized. Look for medicated lip balm and lip balm with SPF to prevent burns.

Don’t lick your lips

Constantly licking your lips can cause drying and further cracking and splitting.

Increase your fluid intake to keep your body and lips hydrated

Staying well-hydrated with caffeine-free fluids is important. Limiting alcohol is key since it can act as a diuretic and promote excessive urination. Excessive alcohol use can cause vomiting and diarrhea, which can worsen dehydration.

Apply a cold compress to bleeding lips

This can stop bleeding and reduce swelling, especially when due to injury.

If you notice crusting or opens sores around your lips, see your doctor. This can be a sign of a bacterial or viral infection. Your doctor may prescribe medication to treat the underlying problem. Blood or urine tests may be required if the cause of the problem is not clear.

If you’re dehydrated, you may need to receive fluids intravenously depending on the severity of your condition. In the case of a nutritional deficiency, your doctor may recommend dietary changes, supplements, or other treatments.

What is the outlook for a split lip?

In most cases, you should be able to treat your lip and avoid future cracking with home remedies. However, don’t ignore a split lip that’s accompanied by other symptoms, or a lip that doesn’t heal. See your doctor as soon as possible to determine the underlying cause.

Many cases of split lips are treatable with home remedies. This is particularly true of cases caused by chapping or dryness, often as a result of extremes in heat, cold, or wind. But since a split lip could also indicate an underlying medical problem, see a doctor if your lip worsens or if other symptoms develop.

by Healthline

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B12 Deficiency Symptoms: Mouth Issues That Signal Low B12 Levels

Vitamin B12 plays a key role in the production of red blood cells, as well as in helping to form DNA, and the normal functioning of your nervous system. Given its importance, it is hardly surprising the impact low B12 levels can have on the body. Many of the warning signs can emerge in the mouth.

According to Holland and Barrett, if you have a B12 deficiency you can experience a range of mouth issues.

These include ulcers, a feeling of pins and needles in your tongue, or burning and itching sensations in the mouth.

It is also possible to experience glossitis, whereby your tongue is inflamed, notes Holland and Barrett.

“Glossitis can also change the way you eat and speak,” the health body adds.

Other possible symptoms include:

Changes in the way that you walk and move around

Disturbed vision



Changes in the way you think, feel and behave

A decline in your mental abilities, such as memory, understanding and judgement (dementia).

How to respond

According to the NHS, you should see a GP if you’re experiencing symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency.

“These conditions can often be diagnosed based on your symptoms and the results of a blood test,” explains the health body.

It’s also important for vitamin B12 deficiency to be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.

“Although many of the symptoms improve with treatment, some problems caused by the condition can be irreversible if left untreated,” warns the NHS.

Am I at risk?

There are primary causes of vitamin B12 deficiency – pernicious anaemia and diet.

Pernicious anaemia – the most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency in the UK – is an autoimmune condition that affects your stomach.

If you have pernicious anaemia, your immune system, attacks the healthy cells in your body that produce the intrinsic factor, a protein that enables the body to absorb B12.

You can get recommended amounts of vitamin B12 by eating a variety of foods including the following:

Beef liver and clams, which are the best sources of vitamin B12.

Fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and other dairy products, which also contain vitamin B12.

Some breakfast cereals, nutritional yeasts and other food products that are fortified with vitamin B12.

How to treat B12 deficiency

The treatment for vitamin B12 deficiency depends on what’s causing the condition.

“Most people can be easily treated with injections or tablets to replace the missing vitamins,” explains the NHS.

by The Girl Sun

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Winter Tips For A Healthy Mouth: Dealing With Common Winter Mouth Woes

When it's cold outside, exposed skin isn't the only part of your body that can be affected by a drier climate; colder temperatures can also affect your oral health. While snuggling up this season, remember to take special care of your teeth. This will help prevent common oral issues, like tooth sensitivity and dry mouth that often worsen during the cold, dry weather. Try these dental care tips for a healthier mouth this winter.

Moisturize Your Lips

Cold winter temperatures can affect the delicate skin on your lips, drying them out and causing chapped lips. Using a daily lip balm that contains SPF can protect them from the dry weather. Drinking water is a great way to keep your skin hydrated, with the added benefit of alleviating dry mouth symptoms. Because there is less humidity in the air during this chilly period, installing a humidifier in your home can add extra moisture.

Drink Water

Xerostomia (dry mouth) is an oral condition marked by insufficient saliva in the mouth. This can be caused by certain types of medication and medical treatments like radiation and chemotherapy. Dry winter air may worsen this, so be sure to say hydrated by drinking water throughout the day.

Use Fluoride Toothpaste for Sensitive Teeth

Do you experience a short, sharp pain in your teeth when trying to enjoy your favorite winter hot beverage? Broken down tooth enamel leaves dentin, the tissue beneath it, exposed. When this part of the tooth comes in contact with hot, cold, or acidic foods and drinks, it can cause discomfort. Cold temperatures, air, and wind can leave your teeth feeling uncomfortable too. Include toothpaste for sensitive teeth in your oral hygiene routine; they contain ingredients that protect exposed dentinal tubules.

Keep Warm

Cozying up with a blanket or putting on a jacket when stepping out into the winter cold are things you're probably doing already. But for people with TMJ disorder, staying warm can help minimize jaw pain. It is normal for joints and muscles to tense up when experiencing colder weather. Ensure you are keeping toasty with a scarf or sweater to reduce clenching or tightening the jaw area.

While enjoying being with your family, watching winter sports, or keeping warm by the fire this winter, remember to take good care of your oral health too. Keep moisturized and hydrated, as this will prevent chapped lips and alleviate dry mouth. Use desensitizing toothpaste if you have sensitive teeth. Knowing how to maintain your oral health during colder weather will reduce the likelihood of experiencing common mouth issues, leaving you with the chance to cozy up and have a good time.

by Colgate

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Major Problems You May Face Due To Your Missing Teeth

There could be several instances where your tooth may fall out. The reasons might be a trauma, periodontal disease, decay and so on. Tooth loss can not only cause oral problems, but it can also have an impact on your smile. Today, you have more than one option to get your tooth replaced because the dental treatments have evolved immensely.

Each and every tooth has an important role to play, therefore, keeping them intact is essential.

Let’s have a look into the discomforts or problems that can emerge due to missing teeth.

Your Jaw Bone and Gums Can Get Affected

The stimulation of your bone and gums diminishes if you don’t get your missing teeth replaced. And when this happens, your gums could get pulled back and your jaw might shrink. This way your neighboring teeth also get highly affected, they could become weak and shift from their original position.

Difficulties in Chewing

Chewing your food becomes a major problem if you have one or more missing teeth. And you may face digestion problems when you swallow your food without chewing it properly. Indigestion can lead to gallstones, inflamed pancreas, ulcers and many other health issues. Thus, getting your missing tooth replaced could help prevent several uncalled problems.

There Could Be an Impact on Your Speech

Your teeth help you communicate and speak properly. Your missing teeth might make you slur certain words and pronunciation could also be a problem.

Missing Teeth Can Cause Gum Disease

It becomes easy for dental plaque to accumulate in hard-to-reach places if your teeth start shifting due to your missing tooth. Plaque plays a huge role in triggering gum disease which can lead to severe dental problems. Right from receding and swollen gums to affecting the bone that supports the tooth, it can affect your mouth in many ways.

Common Dental Treatments which Can Replace Your Missing Teeth

Dentures, dental implants and crowns are the most common dental treatments which can replace your missing tooth. You can consult your dentist to know which treatment would suit you the best.

This is How You Can Maintain a Good Dental Hygiene

Give up on tobacco.

Don’t skip flossing in between your teeth.

Brush twice a day.

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid sugary foods.

Rinse with antibacterial mouthwash.

A healthy mouth can not only help prevent oral diseases but can also give your general health a boost.

by Floss Dental Sugar Land

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Too Busy for Proper Dental Care? Three Dental Tips for Busy People

Thinking you are in need of dental tips for busy people? If you feel that you are so busy that it is hard for you to find the time to properly take care of your dental health, then learning some tips that can help you to take better care of your mouth is definitely a great idea!

The world we live in today is one that finds most of us constantly on the move, which can make it difficult for many to find the time to perform everyday basics, including proper dental care.

Proper dental care

Proper dental care requires everyone to brush their teeth at least twice a day and floss their teeth at least once a day. It is essential to brush the teeth in order to remove any of the plaque buildups that can lead to a gum disease diagnosis. It is essential to floss teeth at least once a day in order to remove any leftover food particles from eating, which can also lead to a gum disease.

Dental tips for busy people

The following are some dental tips that will help to make the lives of busy people easier.

Dental tip #1 – keep a spare toothbrush handy. Forgetting a morning brush happens, keep a spare around at the office just in case.

Dental tip #2 – chew sugar-free gum. When flossing is not a choice after eating and food is stuck in between teeth, chewing sugar-free gum can help to remove the food particles.

Dental tip #3 – have healthy snacks available. Carrying snacks that support a healthy mouth is a great idea for busy people who often find that they do not have the time to eat three meals a day. A few examples of snacks that support healthy teeth include apples, carrots and almonds.

Need more dental tips?

We recommend that you learn as many dental tips for busy people as you can, as they can definitely help you take better care of your dental health. While we completely understand that so many people live busy lives, we cannot stress the importance of proper dental care.

Did you know that when you do not provide yourself with the proper dental care, it can negatively affect your overall general health, too? Since you are super busy, you simply cannot afford to have your dental health or general health be in jeopardy. 

by Portola Dental Group

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Factors for a Toothache

Aside from regular checkups, toothaches are one of the most common reasons for people to visit the dentist’s office. According to the Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide, toothache is more relevant in today’s society than it has been in the past. In fact, nearly 25 percent of Americans will suffer from a toothache at one point in their lives, and, of that group, many will suffer chronic toothache pain.

Toothache is typically caused by an irritated nerve root on or around the tooth. Toothaches can be the result of many different conditions including cavities, tooth infection, tooth decay, tooth injury, or tooth loss. When a patient has a tooth pulled out, pain may remain and impact the surrounding teeth and even radiate into areas of the jaw.

Similarly, a toothache can also arise from a neck injury or a condition in the jaw joint called temporomandibular joint or TMJ, which can also cause ear pain and sinus pain.

Experiencing tooth ache can be a painful time, but the dentists at Foothill Dental Care know how to help you find relief. In a regular visit, we want to be sure that we identify the root of the problem, so perform a thorough examination to dismiss any possibility of a more severe condition in the mouth such as severe tooth decay and gum disease which can both affected by malignant bacteria growth in the mouth. However, during normal circumstances of toothache, symptoms may include:

Pain with chewing food

Sensitivity to hot and cold liquids and foods

Bleeding around a tooth or the gums

Swelling in the jaw or around a tooth

Injury or trauma to the jaw, neck, or face.

Often times, toothaches and other dental issues can be prevented through basic dental care such as flossing, brushing with fluoride-protected toothpaste, and scheduling regular visits to your dentist.

by Foothill Dental Care

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Bad Breath Be Gone: These Steps will Help You To Beat It

Many causes of bad breath - also known as halitosis - are a result of the food you eat or from the bacteria that live in your mouth.

Our mouths are home to over 6 billion bacteria, some good, some bad. Some of these bacteria feed off food that is not removed from the mouth by thorough teeth cleaning or flossing. As the bacteria break down this food, they release foul-smelling gases.

Health conditions and poor hygiene habits can also cause bad breath. This can be improved with regular and proper dental care.

Morning Mouth: The Unpleasant Start To The Day

Bad breath can be caused by a decreased flow of saliva. Saliva plays an important role in digestion and helps to remove odor-causing particles in the mouth.

Bad breath when you wake up is considered normal. This happens because the saliva that regularly washes away decaying food and odors during the day diminishes at night while you sleep. Your mouth becomes dry and dead cells stick to your tongue and inside of your cheek. Bacteria use these cells as a food source and expel foul-smelling gases.

Nasty Bacteria and Gum Disease

Gum disease can be a contributing factor to halitosis. Early gum disease is called gingivitis and is an inflammatory response to a build-up of bacteria found in plaque that has not been properly removed from the teeth. Plaque builds up because of poor brushing and flossing. Once plaque is established, it can only be removed by your dentist or hygienist.

Plaque is essentially a reservoir of bacteria. These bacteria can migrate to other parts of the mouth - especially the tongue - and are thought to be responsible for a significant amount of halitosis. Poor oral hygiene and high-sugar diets can also lead to cavities which contribute to bad breath.

Dieting Fads: High Protein, Low Carbs

High protein, low-carb diets like Dr. Atkins can cause your body to burn fats for energy instead of carbs which can lead to a condition caused ketosis.

Ketosis is the state the body finds itself in when it is using fats as its main fuel. In addition to low carb or ketogenic diets, ketosis can also occur with intermittent fasting as well.

Ketosis is characterized by high levels of ketones in the blood. The body can use these for fuel, and their presence gives the breath a subtle, sweet smell like fruit or acetone in nail polish remover.

Ketosis is not the same as ketoacidosis which is a dangerous and potentially fatal condition that may occur in people with diabetes.

Culprits: Food Offenders, Smoking, Alcohol and Medicines

Garlic, onions, fish, and coffee are obvious causes of bad breath, as are beverages that dry out the mouth, such as alcohol, because they reduce levels of saliva needed to wash away odor-causing bacteria. Regularly drinking water, particularly at meal times; chewing sugar-free gum after meals; and adding a squeeze of lemon to fish dishes can help reduce food odor.

Smoking is also a notorious cause of bad breath. Smoke particles remain in the lungs, long after you have finished that last drag, making your breath smell pungent and stale. Smoking also dries out the mouth contributing to gum disease and dental decay.

Many medicines are associated with bad breath, usually because they dry out the mouth. Offenders include antihistamines, sedatives, amphetamines, antidepressants, diuretics, decongestants, anticholinergics and some antipsychotics. Certain vitamin supplements (especially in high doses) are also culprits.

Could It Be A More Serious Medical Condition?

Bad breath should not be taken lightly. Sometimes bad breath can be a sign of a more serious illness.

Ketoacidosis (as mentioned previously) in poorly controlled or undiagnosed diabetics can cause a fruity smell on the breath. It is caused by a lack of insulin and can be potentially fatal.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can also contribute to bad breath, due to small amounts of partially digested food being regurgitated back up the esophagus, or an inefficient movement of food out of the stomach into the small intestine.

Sinus or respiratory tract infections may also have bad breath as a symptom. Chronic kidney failure can produce an ammonia-like odor because toxins are excreted through the lungs.

Bad Breath Be Gone: Here’s What You Can Do

Good oral hygiene is the key to fresh breath. The main treatment of bad breath comes from within the mouth.

Brush and floss twice-a-day, every day.

Use mouthwash frequently.

Stay hydrated - dry mouth can exacerbate bad breath.

Suck on sugar-free candies to keep your mouth moist

Do not smoke or chew tobacco

Visit your dentist every 6 months

Talk to your doctor or dentist if your bad breath does not improve.

Brush Your Teeth Twice-a-Day. Every Day.

Brush your teeth at least twice-a-day. You should spend at least two minutes brushing to make sure you get to those hard to reach places. Pay extra attention to the areas where the tooth reaches the gum. Electric toothbrushes are more effective than manual toothbrushes in removing plaque.

The best time to brush your teeth is usually just after you eat to reduce the levels of bacteria that cause tooth decay and bad breath. However, food and drinks that are acidic (especially fizzy drinks and fruit juices), and coffee in particular, can soften enamel and brushing too soon after consuming them can damage the enamel. In this case it is best to wait 30 minutes before brushing to allow the enamel to harden.

Make A Date With Your Floss

Do you floss everyday? You probably hear that question at the dentist. Certainly you are always truthful, right?

It's never too late to start. Flossing is best performed after brushing; twice a day is best but once a day is better than none. Dental floss or interdental brushes can be used. The goal is to clean the areas where your toothbrush cannot reach and to clear the spaces in-between your teeth. The gum stimulation is good for your gums, too. If you are not sure how to do this, ask your dentist or dental hygienist to show you the best way.

Tongue Scraping and More

Sounds painful, but it's not. This is done using a tongue scraper or a soft toothbrush. You need to place it as far back on the tongue as possible and scrape forward to clear off any coating. It’s best done once-a-day after brushing and flossing.

You could also consider using a mouthwash like Cepacol or Listerine after you have brushed, flossed and scraped. A mouthwash helps to kill bacteria or neutralize any chemicals that causes bad breath.

Keep Your Mouth Moist: Drink Plenty of Water

Drinking plenty of fluids, particularly water, helps to keep your saliva flowing. A swish of water after eating can loosen food particles. Sugar-free gum after each meal may also help to increase saliva flow and prevent plaque from forming as well as keeping your breath fresh.

Artificial saliva substitutes may also be used in people prone to a persistent dry mouth if deemed necessary.

Probiotics: A Different Way To Treat Bad Breath

Some experts advocate use of probiotics to help clear bad breath, rather than products that are designed to kill bacteria (such as mouthwashes).

More than 700 different strains of bacteria have been found in the human mouth, although most people only host 34 to 72 different varieties. Most are harmless and aid in food digestion. Some, such as Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis have been linked to tooth decay and periodontitis.

One type of bacteria has been designated super-hero status. People with high levels of S. salivarius in their mouth have little, if any, tooth decay. S. salivarius has been shown to crowd out odor-causing bacteria, and can help eliminate bad breath. The trouble with mouthwashes is that they tend to kill all bacteria, both good and bad.

Oral care probiotics that contain high numbers of S. salivarius K12 and/or S. salivarius M18 bacteria can help restore levels of healthy bacteria into your mouth. Both these strains help maintain good oral health and limit both bad breath and tooth decay.

Regularly Plan a Visit To Your Dentist

Prevention is the key to a healthy mouth. You should visit your dentist on a regular basis, usually every six months, to have your teeth examined and cleaned. This will help to prevent gingivitis, cavities, and other oral issues.

If you have a problem with bad breath, your dentist can help determine the cause, provide advice, and determine treatment. It may be that a regular cleaning, flossing and a daily mouthwash may be all that's needed. Your dentist can also refer you to a doctor if warranted.

by Carmen Fookes, BPharm

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Best Effective Natural Cure for Swollen Gums

Do your gums bleed while brushing and flossing your teeth? Do you have swollen or inflamed gums? If yes, then you may have a condition known as gingivitis or gingival swelling. You possibly often experienced much discomfort and ache that makes your life like hell. Ingesting meal even drinking slightly cool water delivers shudders downs the spine due to the swelling in your gums.

In order to minimize the discomfort and swelling, there are certain remedies that can help. But before you know the natural cures of swollen gums, here are some most common symptoms include:

Swollen and red gums.

Bleeding of the gums.

Pain in gums.

Gaps increases between the gums and teeth.

Bad breath.

Here you have a couple of most effective and easy natural remedies that can soothe your swollen gums.

Salt Water

Saltwater is the most commonly used natural cure for oral issues. It helps to neutralize your mouth’s pH and soothes swollen gums. Hence, it might help minimize swelling around the gums.

However, many scientific pieces of research are required to determine the effect of this solution on gingivitis. Take one tablespoon of salt and dissolve it into a glass of warm water. Rinse the mouth with salt water for three to five minutes and spit the solution out. You can swish your mouth twice a day or after having the meals.

Clove Oil

Clove oil is also a traditional cure that is frequently used to treat inflamed gums. Because clove has analgesic, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties that can assist you in reducing swelling as well as infection around the gums. Take two to three drops of clove oil and apply it on the swollen gums with a gentle massage after massage leaves it on gums. You can also add black pepper with clove oil in order to decrease pain and inflammation.


Ginger is another most effective natural remedy for swollen gums. It also possesses antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antioxidant properties that can assist in reducing the swelling in the gums. Take a small piece of ginger and mash it. When it comes in the form of a paste, add the salt in order to get a coarse paste. After then rub the paste on the swollen parts of the gums. Leave it on the gums for at least 10 to 15 minutes. Then wash your mouth with normal water. Other than these, you can also use oils of tea tree, peppermint, and chamomile. It can also soothe your discomfort gums. Peppermint and tea tree oils have strong antimicrobial properties.

On the other hand, chamomile oil soothes the redness and swollen as well as reduce the pain in gums. Without investing hundreds of dollars, you can easily treat your swollen gums at home!

by Arlington Endodontics

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Views: 101

Eczema on Lips: Types, Causes and Treatments

Eczema refers to a group of conditions that cause itchy inflammation of the skin. This condition damages the skin barrier function, which makes your skin more sensitive and more prone to infection and dryness.

Eczema can affect any part of the body, including your lips. Eczema on your lips is also known as lip dermatitis and eczematous cheilitis. Eczema typically causes dry patches of skin and scales, and eczema of the lips may cause your lips to become itchy, dry, scaly, red, or peeling.


There are two major groups of lip eczema based on the cause:

Endogenous: This means that the lip eczema is due to your inherent characteristic. One example of this type of lip eczema is atopic dermatitis, which is more common among people who have a family history of the condition.

Exogenous: This type of lip eczema is caused by something outside of the body.

Within the exogenous group, there are more specific categories based on the cause:

Allergic contact cheilitis: This type of lip eczema occurs due to an allergic reaction to products you use, such as lip balm or lipstick, toothpaste, medications, and foods. An allergy is found in at least a quarter of cases of eczematous cheilitis. A dermatologist can perform patch testing to help you identify which allergens to eliminate.

Irritant contact cheilitis: Irritant contact cheilitis may present similarly to allergic contact cheilitis but is due to an irritation instead. Lip licking is a major cause of this type of lip eczema. Chronic exposure to an irritant such as cosmetics, food, and environmental factors can also result in this condition.

When to See a Doctor

If you experience unusual symptoms such as a fever, chills, diarrhea, or spreading of the rash, contact your healthcare provider as soon as possible.


The major causes of lip eczema are atopic dermatitis and irritant or allergic contact reactions. The triggers may not be the same for everyone. Lip eczema can be triggered by different things, including external conditions such as the weather, behaviors such as lip licking, allergens, and nutritional deficiencies.


Eczema of the lips is treated by identifying and eliminating or managing the cause of the issue. Therefore, treatment varies depending on the type of lip eczema you have.

For irritant or allergic types of lip eczema, the treatment will involve identifying the cause of the irritation or allergy and discontinuing use of a product or limiting contact with the trigger.

For lip eczema related to atopic dermatitis, managing the condition should help alleviate the symptoms of lip eczema.

For all forms of eczematous cheilitis, topical corticosteroids along with a lip balm or emollient can help calm down your lips and reduce any itching sensations.

Lip eczema can be troubling because it affects your appearance. However, regardless of its cause, there are ways to manage this condition. The best way to prevent this condition is to avoid your triggers, such as allergens or irritants. It also helps to steer clear of products that may be irritating to your skin, such as those containing alcohol and other harsh ingredients. If you know or suspect you may have lip eczema, it is best to make an appointment with a dermatologist.

by VeryWell Health

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What To Expect After a Tonsillectomy

Having a recurring sore throat or sleep-disordered breathing can be a sign of tonsil inflammation, also known as tonsillitis. Even though tonsils are an important part of the body, sometimes a doctor will recommend tonsil removal, a procedure called a tonsillectomy.

When to Have Tonsils Removed

Patients of any age — children and adults — can have a tonsillectomy. According to The Nemours Foundation, constant visits to the doctor because of sore throats, difficulty swallowing or patchy, white blisters on the tonsils could signal a patient has tonsillitis. The tonsils may be enlarged, which can lead to snoring, and a patient may have a slight fever or neck pain.

To eliminate these symptoms, a doctor may suggest the patient has their tonsils removed. If you are having recurring problems with your tonsils or throat, consult a dental or medical professional.

Tonsillectomy Procedure

An ear, nose and throat doctor will most likely conduct the procedure in an outpatient surgical center. The surgery usually lasts between one and two hours and the patient will be sent home shortly after the operation.

According to the Mayo Clinic, there are a few steps that a patient should take prior to surgery. They should avoid any intake of medications containing aspirin for two weeks prior to the procedure and should provide their doctor a list of medications they take regularly. The patient will receive instructions from their doctor regarding how long to refrain from eating and drinking before surgery.

On the day of the surgery, the patient will be sedated by an anesthesiologist through an IV prior to the doctor's treatment. The doctor will remove both left and right tonsils from the back of the throat. Afterwards, the patient will likely feel soreness and experience some swelling. They should plan for at least 10 days of recovery time.

Care After a Tonsillectomy

After a few days, scabs will form where the incisions were in the mouth. The doctor may prescribe painkillers to help relieve rawness and soreness in the patient's throat. It is imperative to drink lots of ice water and cold fluids after tonsil removal, but avoid drinking through straws, as it may be difficult. Eating soft foods and ice pops may help avoid irritation in the area. If the patient loses weight, they should try drinking nutritional beverages to add some calories to their diet.

The patient must be careful to not eat chips, nuts or foods that can be sharp in the back of the throat. Postoperative bleeding can occur, and in severe situations it may require a trip to the emergency room. For at least two weeks after the tonsillectomy, the patient should stay mostly at rest and allow their throat to heal before resuming activities. The doctor will schedule a follow-up appointment to check on the patient's healing.

Removing the tonsils — which can be as long as two to three inches across — can bring relief to patients with tonsillitis. After the procedure, they can look forward to fewer sore throats and resolved snoring issues. Always speak with your dentist or doctor if you're concerned about your sore throat or sleep troubles.

by Colgate

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Views: 60

Why Your Teeth Are Shifting

We expect for children’s teeth to be constantly shifting as a result of losing baby teeth and adult teeth taking their place. But children aren’t the only ones susceptible to moving teeth and shifts in your smile can happen at any age – even as an adult.

If you’re noticing changes in your smile as an adult, this can leave you feeling uncomfortable, and unsure of what this shift in your smile means. Keep reading to learn the most common reasons your teeth might be moving as an adult and what you can do to minimize the damage.

Why Your Teeth Are Shifting

There are a variety of reasons why your teeth might begin shifting and changing positions as an adult. If you can identify early on what the cause of your shifting teeth is, you may be able to prevent the shifting from continuing. The top causes of shifting teeth are:


When our bodies begin aging, the area between your teeth begins to wear away because your enamel thins. The lower teeth have less enamel than your upper teeth, so teeth in the lower jaw tend to wear away faster. If your lower teeth experience an increase in wear and tear, they are less able to withstand the force of the top teeth when chewing or when you bite down, which leads to shifting.


Your genes dictate if your teeth will shift during your lifetime. Even patients who are born with straight teeth and never have to have braces are at risk of their teeth eventually shifting out of line if they’re genetically predetermined to do so.


When you grind your teeth, you are putting tension on your upper teeth which forces the lower jaw to push forward. The constant thrusting affects the position of your upper arch, which pushes it out of alignment.


When cavities are filled, the composite can cause changes to your teeth and can also alter your bite slightly. Also, if you have tooth decay that goes untreated, it can spread to the gums and bone, eating away the bone that holds the teeth in place. This causes the teeth to become loose, allowing them to shift easier.


If you’re missing a tooth in the lower jaw, the tooth above it may shift downward since there is nothing below to stop it. The teeth next to the missing tooth will start to move sideways as well.


Improper oral hygiene can lead to plaque buildup beneath your gums, attracting bacteria and causing a periodontal infection. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, which can cause the gums to pull away from the tooth, loosening it.

How To Combat Shifting Teeth

The easiest way to stay in touch with your oral health is to schedule routine exams every six months, and to schedule an exam if you begin to notice a change in your mouth. Together, we can determine the cause of your shifting teeth. One of the following remedies may be suggested, depending on the reason behind your shifting:

If it’s occurring naturally due to aging - If you have lost teeth due to aging, the adjacent teeth are likely to shift and cause your bite to change. If you lose a tooth, take action to restore it with an implant, bridge, or partial denture as soon as possible to avoid difficulties in biting or jaw pain.

If you have gingivitis or gum disease - The number one cause of tooth loss is gum disease, which can also be linked to a variety of other health conditions. Brush and floss regularly and schedule regular exams.

If you’re interested in orthodontic treatment - Regardless of the reasoning behind your shifting teeth, once the cause is under control, your teeth may have shifted so significantly that the look of your smile makes you self conscious. Orthodontic treatments like Invisalign can give you the restored confidence in your smile you deserve without everyone knowing you’re undergoing orthodontic treatment.

Are Your Teeth Moving?

If you notice a shift in your smile, we always suggest making an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

by Kim Okamura, DDS

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What to Expect from Gingivectomy

Gingivectomy is surgical removal of gum tissue, or gingiva. Gingivectomy can be used to treat conditions like gingivitis. It’s also used to remove extra gum tissue for cosmetic reasons, such as to modify a smile.

Read on to learn how the procedure’s done, how much it may cost, and what recovery’s like.

Who’s a candidate for gingivectomy?

A dentist may recommend gingivectomy if you have gum recession from: aging, gum diseases, like gingivitis, bacterial infections, gum injury.

Gingivectomy for gum disease

If you have gum disease, a dentist may recommend this procedure to prevent future gum damage as well as give your dentist easier access to the teeth for cleaning.

Gum disease often creates openings at the bottom of the teeth. These openings can lead to a buildup of: plaque, bacteria, hardened plaque, known as calculus or tartar.

Those buildups can then lead to further damage.

Your dentist may also recommend this procedure if they discover gum disease or infection during a check-up or cleaning, and want to stop its progression.

Elective gingivectomy

Gingivectomy for cosmetic reasons is totally optional. Many dentists don’t recommend it unless the risks are low or if they specialize in cosmetic procedures.

Talk to a dentist about this procedure first to be aware of the pros and cons of an elective gingivectomy.

What to expect during the procedure?

A gingivectomy takes 30 to 60 minutes, depending on how much gum tissue your dentist removes.

Minor procedures involving a single tooth or several teeth will probably only take a single session. Major gum removal or reshaping may take several visits, especially if your dentist wants one area to heal before they move onto the next.

Here’s how the procedure works:

Your dentist injects local anesthetic into the gums to numb the area.

Your dentist uses a scalpel or laser tool to cut away pieces of gum tissue. This is called soft tissue incision.

During the procedure, your dentist will likely keep a suction tool in your mouth to remove excess saliva.

Once the tissue has been cut away, your dentist will likely use a laser tool to vaporize remaining tissue and shape the gumline.

Your dentist puts a soft putty-like substance and bandages on the area to protect your gums while they heal.

How do scalpel and laser procedures compare?

Laser gingivectomies are increasingly common because advances in laser technology continue to make tools cheaper and easier to use. Lasers are also more precise and allow faster healing and cauterization due to the heat of the laser, as well as a lower risk of infections from contaminated metal tools.

Laser procedures are more expensive than scalpel procedures and require more training, so your dentist may offer a scalpel gingivectomy if they’re not trained or don’t have the right equipment.

If you have health insurance, your plan may not cover laser procedures, so a scalpel gingivectomy may be more cost-effective. It’s a good idea to call your insurance provider before scheduling a gingivectomy so that you understand your benefits.

What’s recovery like?

Recovery from gingivectomy is typically quick. Here’s what to expect.

The first few hours

You should be able to go home right away. Your dentist will probably use local anesthesia only, so you can usually drive yourself home.

You may not feel pain right away, but as the numbing wears off a few hours after the procedure, the pain may be more sharp or persistent. An over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) may help ease the pain.

Your gums will probably also bleed for a few days. Replace any bandages or dressings until bleeding stops or until your dentist advises that your gums can be exposed again.

Your dentist or a dentist assistant should explain how to change your bandages or dressings before sending you home. If they didn’t explain it or if you’re unsure about the instructions, call their office to ask for instructions.


Gingivectomy is a low-cost, low-risk procedure for taking care of damaged gum tissue or to change the appearance of your smile.

It doesn’t take long to recover and the outcome is often positive.

by Healthline

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Your Gums are as Important as Your Teeth

Rule number one: don’t forget about your gums! Your gums are just as important as your teeth. Yet, we often forget about the importance of our gums and how they impact our overall health. To help you take better care of your gums, read on to learn more about why your gums are so important and why they deserve more of your attention during your daily brushing.

What Makes Our Gums So Important?

You know what your gums are, but do you know what they’re made of and what they do? For starters, your gums are made up of tissue covered by a mucous membrane that works to keep your mouth nice and clean. Their main function is to keep your teeth in line and to anchor them into your mouth. Additionally, they help to absorb any shock that your mouth endures and work inline with other tissues to perform important functions. In short, they are what keep your teeth in position and help you to chew and speak properly.

Why They Need Care?

Without proper gum care, you’re putting yourself at risk of developing gum disease and periodontal disease. Gum disease has also been closely associated with other degenerative diseases. So without proper care, you could become susceptible to a number of health issues.

What Happens When We Neglect Our Gums?

Similar to our gut, our mouths also host a number of complex bacteria. When you take proper care of your gums, they are protected from disease-causing bacteria in your mouth. However, when you don’t give your gums the attention they need, you open yourself up to bacteria that can wreak havoc on your oral cavity and even your overall health. To prevent this from happening, you need to properly brush and floss your gums every single day. You can also improve the health of your gums by avoiding cigarettes, eating a healthy diet of essential nutrients and vitamins, and visiting your dentist as recommended.

How To Identify A Gum Problem?

If you experience bleeding when brushing, or if your teeth appear somewhat loose, you should immediately visit your dentist to have them inspected and treated, if necessary. Your gums should also appear light pink in colour – any changes to a pale or white colour may indicate health issues.  The sooner you find any issues, the more likely it can be reversed. Providing your gums with the proper care they need and visiting your dentist when recommended, is the best way to keep your gums in good shape.

Your gums play a vital role in your oral health and are just as important as your teeth. 

by The Teal Umbrella

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What Happens When You Have An Unhealthy Mouth?

Oral health is about keeping the mouth, teeth, and gums healthy. It is because the mouth is a primary entrance into the body. It only means that poor oral health can have negative impacts on the whole body. Aching teeth, bleeding gums, and bad-smelling breath are all indicators of poor oral hygiene. Mouth-borne bacteria can quickly enter the bloodstream and cause infection and inflammation wherever it travels.

Poor dental hygiene may trigger severe health problems. Many people know that failure to brush your teeth every day can contribute to cavities, bad breath, and rotting of the tooth. Nonetheless, new studies have found that inadequate dental hygiene can also have unintended health consequences, such as increased risks of Alzheimer’s disease and heart disease. Dental and oral health is essential for your physical well-being and fitness. Bad oral hygiene can contribute to dental cavities and gum disease, obesity, and diabetes.

Maintaining healthy teeth and gums is a lifelong commitment. It is essential to practice proper oral hygiene and to see your dentist many times to avoid serious risk to the body’s average health. Here are some severe and frequent fitness troubles induced by terrible oral health.


Cavities. When you don’t clean and floss them properly, the teeth will rot to get leftover food off them. When left untreated, cavities can cause tooth irritation, can kill the teeth, and can even result in tooth loss.

Illness to the gum. Plaque can cause gum disease on your teeth. Gum disease is a tissue infection which protects your teeth. With time it may allow the teeth to become loose. There’s also evidence that gum disease is heart disease-related. Experts aren’t sure if gum disease will increase your chances of having heart disease or vice versa.

Oral cancer. Smoking, chewing tobacco, and alcohol can make more significant your risk for oral cancer (cancer in your mouth). Poor oral hygiene alone may additionally now not expand your threat to oral cancer.

Poor self-esteem. When your enamel isn’t clean, you have terrible breath. Bad breath can make you reluctant to participate in any social events. Longtime poor oral health can result in enamel loss, which can make you smile less. All of these matters can damage your self-esteem or how you see yourself.

Cardiovascular Disease. Having poor oral fitness places a character in danger of coronary heart disease. If the gums get infected due to the microorganism that causes periodontal disease, that same microorganism can, in reality, get into the bloodstream inflicting the arteries to build up plaque and harden. This hardening of the arteries is called atherosclerosis, and it is severe. It leads to blood float problems and coronary heart blockages, and it increases the likelihood of having an ischemic heart attack. The unfavorable influence on the arteries and blood vessels can lead to hypertension and extend the danger for strokes. Endocarditis can additionally develop, which is an often deadly situation that takes place when the lining of the heart becomes infected.

Dementia. Poor oral health may affect your brain. Substances emitted from contaminated gums can, in effect, destroy brain cells and cause memory loss. Dementia and probably even Alzheimer’s disease can be caused by gingivitis when the bacteria in the mouth migrate to the arteries of the nerves or touch the blood.

Respiratory Infections. The respiratory gadget can suffer as a result of terrible oral health. Bacteria from the mouth from infected teeth and swollen gums can go into the lungs or tour there via the bloodstream. Once there, the microorganisms can lead to respiratory infections, pneumonia, acute bronchitis, and even COPD.

Diabetes. Not only people with diabetes are more vulnerable to illness, such as contaminated gums due to periodontal disease, but the periodontal disorder can also make it harder to manage diabetes. Symptoms will escalate because of gum disease because blood sugar levels go haywire. People with diabetes particularly need to take good care of their oral health to avoid problems with their illness. Since gum disease may contribute to levels of blood sugar higher than average, a person with poor oral hygiene increases the risk of developing diabetes.

Pregnancy Complications. Exercising good oral hygiene is imperative for expectant mothers. Hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy may make it much easier for a woman to contract oral infections. Some illness in the shape of the mother raises the risk of getting complications from pregnancy. Oral health problems in the mother may lead to premature birth and low birth weight in infants. Gum illness puts both mother and infant at risk for serious health problems.

Infertility. There is a link between terrible oral health and issues with infertility in women. Gum ailment can lead to a variety of typical fitness issues that can make it extra difficult for a lady to conceive and sustain a healthy pregnancy. It can sincerely take longer for a girl with terrible oral health to get pregnant than it would for a lady who has good dental health.

Erectile Dysfunction. Bad oral hygiene places a guy at an elevated risk of having erectile dysfunction. CPD is an illness that happens when the gums pull away from the mouth, forming gaps that contain bacteria and causing the bug to travel to the teeth that cover the bone. Bacteria from diseased gums may enter the bloodstream and cause an infection of the blood vessels. Such inflammation will obstruct blood flow to the penis, rendering erections harder to achieve or even tricky.

Cancer. Poor oral fitness practices such as smoking or the use of tobacco merchandise can lead to oral and throat cancers, but different kinds of cancer also relate to gum disease. The risk for kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer, and blood cancers is a lot higher for people who have adverse oral health.

Kidney Disease. Chronic kidney disease is a severe health problem that affects blood pressure, heart, bones, and kidneys. Body infections such as periodontal illness can lead to kidney disease. Individuals with gum disease have weaker immune systems and are more likely to develop diseases. Most individuals even suffer from kidney disease that is resulting from terrible oral health. Renal dysfunction can be lethal if it progresses to cardiovascular disease or kidney failure.

Rheumatological arthritis. People with gum disease have a higher chance of having rheumatoid arthritis. These illnesses have much in common with inflammation. Oral gingivitis bacteria may enhance inflammation in the entire body. It brings the risk of developing the inflammatory disease, a painful and debilitating rheumatoid arthritis, far more significant.


The mouth is the gateway of all substances that enters our body. Gums are prone to infection by bacteria that build up on teeth. Many people don’t realize the link between dental health and general health. Evidence, though, suggests that oral health affects your overall health more than you might think. Taking care of your enamel doesn’t only give you a beautiful smile, but it also improves the fitness of your entire body.

If you’re neglecting your teeth, you should be putting yourself up for serious fitness troubles in the future. Over time, inflammation and the chemical compounds it releases eat away at the gums and bone structure that preserve enamel in place. The result is extreme gum disease, regarded as periodontitis. Inflammation can additionally cause problems in the rest of the physique.


Our mouths are full of bacteria. It’s normal, and most are harmless. Daily brushing and flossing keep bacteria levels in check. Nevertheless, problems can arise where oral care is deficient. Multiply the bacteria in your mouth and combine to make acids with the sugar in the food. Such acids damage the tooth that triggers cavities, gum disease, tooth decay, and periodontitis, which can spread the infection to other parts of the body.


Even though you’re cavity-free and have the town’s pearliest chompers, this doesn’t mean you’re resistant to gum disease. Since it is typically painless, most people have no idea why their gums are confused about anything. Here are some tips to help your mouth and teeth healthy.

Floss – Flossing for at least once a day helps in removing the residue and food, which are beyond the control of your toothbrush. Do this in the evening, do it in the morning or do it until work.

Regular Dental Cleaning – If you see the signs early, the dentist can identify signs of early gum disease. It means you will treat symptoms before they get more severe. The only way to remove all dirt in your mouth is by having a professional cleaner. It may also get rid of any mark that you overlooked while you wash or floss. If you have gingivitis, it may help to cure it by brushing, flossing, and regular dental cleanings.

Quit smoking – Smoking relates to the onset of gum disease. Since smoking weakens your immune system, it additionally makes it tougher to combat off a gum infection. Plus, smoking makes it extra challenging for your gums to heal as soon as they got damaged.

Brush twice a day – After any meal, brush your teeth. It helps remove the plaque and food that got trapped between your teeth and gums. Always clean the mouth as it can host bacteria. Your toothbrush will fit comfortably in your mouth and have smooth bristles. Find a toothbrush that is operated by batteries or electrics. These can help to reduce gingivitis and plaque more than washing manually. Swap toothbrushes or toothbrush heads every 3 or 4 months, or earlier if the bristles tend to fade.

Use fluoride toothpaste – Pick a toothpaste that carries fluoride and has the ADA seal of acceptance. After that, the flavor and color are up to you!

Use a therapeutic mouthwash – According to the ADA, therapeutic mouthwashes help reduce plaque, prevent or reduce gingivitis, reduce the velocity that tarter develops, or a combination of these benefits.


Everything that enters your body goes into your mouth. It doesn’t matter if you are eating healthy foods if you have an unhealthy mouth. You must clean it regularly to avoid plaque build-up. More importantly, make it a habit to visit your dentist for maintenance. As much as possible, you have to keep your dental hygiene to its best condition to avoid any risks.

Look for the ADA label on fluoride toothpaste, toothbrushes, floss, oral irrigators, mouthwash, and other items for oral hygiene. Talk to your dentist about which types of dental products will work best for you. For all your dental implants, repairs, and deep cleanings – don’t hesitate to contact your dentist or book an appointment now.

by Marisa Walker, DDS

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Seven Reasons to Consider Teeth Reshaping

Do you feel bothered by having mismatched teeth? Would you like to change the shape or length of a tooth to match the surrounding teeth? Dentists can easily reshape and contour your teeth to fix minor irregularities and improve the overall appearance of your smile. Learn more about teeth reshaping and why you should consider contouring your teeth. 

What is Teeth Reshaping?

Also known as dental contouring, teeth reshaping is a cosmetic technique that removes tiny pieces of the enamel to change the shape, length or surface. It’s often done to correct crooked or cracked teeth but can also be used to decrease overlaps, create a rounded appearance and enhance the uniformity of your smile. 

How Is It Done?

Teeth contouring is fast and pain-free. In less than 1 hour, you can be in and out of the dental office. To start the procedure, your dentist will first take X-Rays to evaluate the tooth that you would like to fix. If the condition of your enamel is sound, they will remove small amounts of the outer surface of your tooth with a drill or laser to trim and reshape the teeth as desired. After the contouring is complete, the teeth will be polished to ensure they are smooth. 

Reasons to Consider Teeth Reshaping

There are many reasons to change the size, length and surface of your teeth. Here are the most common ones:

1.- Your teeth are unequal in length

2.- You have a slight overlap

3.- A single tooth appears to be too long or too large compared to the rest

4.- There are bumps or imperfections on the surface of your teeth

5.- You have chipped or cracked teeth you would like corrected

6.- You have teeth that look pointed that you would like rounded or squared out

7.- You’d like subtle changes to make your smile look more appealing

Other Benefits

Teeth contouring can be combined with other cosmetic treatments such as teeth whitening for more dramatic effects. Bonding and veneers can also be used in conjunction to address larger imperfections.

by The Teal Umbrella

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Toothpaste on a Cold Sore? Myths and Real Remedies

Ever thought of putting toothpaste on a cold sore? You’re not alone. Turns out there’s a lot of “home remedies” for these very common, frustration ailments. 

However, not all cold sore home remedies are safe. This post will settle some of the debate on there about whether or not putting toothpaste on a cold sore actually works. Plus, you’ll discover other home remedies and misconceptions about cold sores.

Check it out.

What Are Cold Sores?

Cold sores are painful lumps and blisters on your face, particularly around your lips. These sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus. And they’re highly contagious.

Cold sores are extremely common. In fact, 90% of the world population has or has had one before. Luckily, that means that there are a lot of remedies out there for them. 

But is toothpaste really one of them?

Does Toothpaste on a Cold Sore Work?

One of the most popular home remedies is putting toothpaste on a cold sore. And in theory, this could work…Many types and brands of toothpaste contain sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), which can dry out your skin. This comes in handy when it comes to cold sores.

This is because toothpaste dries the area out, minimizing the risk of developing painful blisters.

However, there’s no scientific evidence that proves this. 

Putting toothpaste on a cold sore only has anecdotal evidence. That means that it’s based on personal experience. Still, it’s worth a try if you want a cheap home remedy for a cold sore.

How to Apply Toothpaste on a Cold Sore

Many people feel a cold sore coming up even before it appears. A tingling and itching sensation around your lips is a common sign. 

Take some white, non-gel toothpaste with SLS in it, and apply a thin layer over the affected area. Let it dry, and reapply every one or two hours throughout the day.

4 Home Remedies for Cold Sores

Toothpaste isn’t the only home remedy that you can try if you want to get rid of your cold sore quickly. While the most effective treatment for cold sores is targeted prescription medication, a lot of people swear by these four home remedies.

Apple Cider Vinegar

One of the most common cold sore home remedies is putting apple cider vinegar on it. However, make sure you dilute the apple cider vinegar with water, as the full strength of the liquid can do more harm than good on your skin.


Icing your cold sore can help lower the irritation and inflammation. Wrap some ice or frozen peas in a kitchen towel, and place it on your cold sore.

You’ll want to avoid freezing your skin with direct contact with ice.


Even if putting honey on your cold sore doesn’t get rid of it, it will definitely calm your skin down. Simply apply honey to the cold sore and let it crust over. Reapply as needed.

Lemon Balm

The antiviral properties of lemon balm can help get rid of cold sores quickly. Simply apply the lip balm to your lip and repeat as needed. 

Cold Sore Myths

Not all home remedies you read about work when it comes to cold sores. Some even harm your skin and make your cold sore worse. This is what you SHOULD NOT use to treat a cold sore.


While rubbing alcohol is a great disinfectant, it can cause stinging and irritation on your cold sore. Remember: a cold sore is an open wound. But, it’s not the same as the one you get from falling off your bike. There are a lot more gentle and effective treatments and home remedies for cold sores than alcohol. 


Bleach is a very harsh substance. It can irritate your skin, lungs, and eyes. Plus, it can burn any skin tissue it comes into contact with.That’s why there’s a reason you need to wear gloves when you’re cleaning with bleach. While it’s great for cleaning bathrooms, it’s far too hard to be used on your skin. 

Please, don’t believe this cold sore myth. It’s not safe to put near your mouth.


We blame “My Big Fat Greek Wedding” for this cold sore myth. Don’t put Windex or any kind of window cleaner on your skin, especially on your cold sore. 

It wasn’t made or tested as a skincare product. So, please avoid irritation, burning, and pain by never placing it on your lips (or any part of your body).

Talk to a Doctor about a Cold Sore

Cold sores may be common. But, you should still take them seriously. Taking prescription antiviral medication and ointments is the most reliable way to get rid of them. 

Still, it’s not always easy to talk to your doctor in person about cold sores.

Whether you’re embarrassed about cold sores or too busy to book an in-person appointment, you still have a right to the health care you deserve.

by Carefree M.D.

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Enlarged Papillae: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Tongue Bumps

Is that bump on your tongue driving you crazy? Distracting you from today's tasks? Even making it difficult to eat? That tongue bump can appear for many reasons, ranging from canker sores to even oral cancer. However, don't freak out just yet. Enlarged papillae are a pretty common — and mostly harmless — cause of irritating tongue bumps.

What Are Those Bumps on Your Tongue?

Your tongue's surface houses four types of papillae, nodule-like structures that assist with taste, speech, chewing, and swallowing. The four types of lingual papillae include:

Filiform. The most common type of papillae, filiform papillae, do not contain taste buds. Instead, they act as grips or ripples on your tongue to assist in cleansing the mouth, chewing and speaking.

Fungiform. Between 200 and 400 fungiform papillae exist on your tongue, mostly at the tip and edges. Each contains 3 to 5 taste buds as well as sensory cells for texture and temperature.

Circumvallate. The very large circumvallate papillae reside at the base of your tongue near your throat and contain hundreds of taste buds. These papillae are so large they are visible to the naked eye.

Foliate. The ridges along the rear edge of your tongue are foliate papillae. These also contain hundreds of taste buds.

What Causes Enlarged or Inflamed Papillae?

Enlarged papillae appear as little white or red bumps that occur when the papillae become irritated and slightly swollen. This condition is also known as lie bumps or transient lingual papillitis. This swelling might occur from the normal exfoliation of papillae cells. However, several other factors could also affect the papillae enough to cause swelling. These include:

Injuries to the mouth. Burns, cuts, or injuries to the tongue can all cause swelling to occur, while exposure to spicy, sour, hot, or cold foods can lead to irritation.

Infections. Viral, bacterial, and fungal infections — such as the cold and flu – can also make the tongue swell.

Unhealthy habits. Cigarettes contain chemicals that can irritate your papillae. Stress is also linked to swollen, enlarged papillae. Finally, poor oral hygiene can lead to the buildup of food debris and plaque bacteria, causing swelling and even growths on the papillae.

Some other medical conditions can also make papillae feel different. This includes benign migratory glossitis, also known as geographic tongue. In this condition, the tongue exfoliates its cells at an inconsistent rate, giving the tongue a map-like appearance that shows where the papillae have worn off and eventually will regrow. Other conditions that might contribute to papillary inflammation include canker sores, allergic reactions, syphilis, oral herpes simplex, cancer, or autoimmune disorders.

How to Treat and Prevent Enlarged Papillae

Although they might feel uncomfortable, most enlarged papillae usually go away without treatment within a few days. Maintain your oral care routine by brushing twice a day and cleaning between teeth with floss or an interdental device. Allowing the lesions time to heal, rinsing with warm salt water, and staying hydrated might help treat inflamed or enlarged papillae.

If any oral lesion lasts longer than seven days, you should schedule an evaluation with your dental professional. Monitor the lesion's size, color, and location to aid your dental professional with their assessment. If the lesions bleed, become increasingly painful, grow in size, or spread, seek immediate care.

Preventing enlarged papillae starts with identifying the most likely cause. Determine if certain foods irritate your tongue, protect your mouth during sports and other physical activity, and stay aware of your tongue placement during everyday tasks like eating or talking. Quitting smoking and decreasing stress might also reduce the likelihood of enlarged tongue bumps.

That pesky tongue bump might annoy you for a day or two, but don't let it cause worry. Keep an eye on it while maintaining your oral care routine, and you might forget all about it by this time next week!.

by Colgate

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Burning Throat: Causes and How to Treat Them

A burning throat is a common symptom of infections and other underlying medical conditions. It can occur on its own or alongside other symptoms.

In many cases, a person can treat a burning throat at home. Getting lots of rest and drinking plenty of fluids are key for recovery.

In this article, find out about the possible causes of a burning throat and learn when to seek treatment. We also describe how to soothe the symptom with some simple home remedies.

Causes and treatment

There are many possible causes of a burning throat, including:

1. Colds and flu

A common cause of a burning throat is a cold or flu. Viruses cause these illnesses, which affect the respiratory, or breathing, system.

Common symptoms of a cold or flu include: a burning throat, a cough, a runny nose, aching muscles, tiredness, headaches.

The flu can cause complications, so anyone with serious symptoms should seek medical attention. These symptoms include difficulty breathing, chest pain, seizures, and dizziness.

Learn about the differences between the cold and the flu in this article.

2. Tonsillitis

The tonsils are lumps of tissue at the back of the throat that help fight off viruses and bacteria. Tonsillitis is an infection that makes the tonsils swell.

The infection usually causes: pain and discomfort in the throat, difficulty swallowing, red or swollen tonsils, headaches, tiredness, a fever, an earache.

Tonsillitis usually clears up within 1–2 weeks. People can treat it at home with plenty of rest, fluids, over-the-counter pain medications, and throat lozenges.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) happens when the muscle connecting the esophagus, or food pipe, to the stomach becomes too weak or relaxed.

When the muscle is not tight enough, food or stomach acid can rise into the throat and sometimes into the back of the mouth.

The main symptom of GERD is heartburn. Other symptoms include: nausea, bad breath, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, a burning sensation in the throat.

Treatment often involves lifestyle changes, such as cutting rich or acidic foods from the diet. Some people require medication or surgery.

4. Strep throat

Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes several painful symptoms.

Symptoms of strep throat may come on suddenly and include: a burning throat, pain when swallowing, a fever, headaches, nausea, red or swollen tonsils.

A doctor can diagnose strep throat by taking a throat swab and may prescribe antibiotics. A person should also get plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids during recovery.

5. Mono

Infectious mononucleosis, more commonly known as mono, is a very contagious viral infection. Teenagers and young adults are most likely to get it.

Symptoms of the illness usually develop 4–6 weeks after contact with the virus. A painful or burning throat is an early symptom of mono.

Other symptoms include: fever, extreme tiredness, aching muscles, headaches, a rash.

It often takes 2–4 weeks to recover from mono, but some people have symptoms for months. Treatment involves resting, taking over-the-counter pain medications, and drinking plenty of fluids.

Mono spreads very easily. Doctors advise people who have it not to share foods, drinks, or toothbrushes and to avoid kissing.

Treatment at home is usually best for tonsillitis or a cold. Other conditions may require medication.

If a burning throat lasts for more than 2 weeks, see a doctor.

More serious symptoms can accompany a burning throat. If an adult has the flu and any of the following symptoms, they may need urgent medical attention: chest pain, dizziness, confusion, not urinating, extreme muscle pain, extreme weakness, difficulty breathing, seizures.

Adults over 65, children, pregnant women, and people with weakened immune systems should seek medical advice if they have concerns about symptoms.

When to see a doctor

Treatment at home is usually best for tonsillitis or a cold. Other conditions may require medication.

If a burning throat lasts for more than 2 weeks, see a doctor.

More serious symptoms can accompany a burning throat. If an adult has the flu and any of the following symptoms, they may need urgent medical attention: chest pain, dizziness, confusion, not urinating, extreme muscle pain, extreme weakness, difficulty breathing, seizures.

Adults over 65, children, pregnant women, and people with weakened immune systems should seek medical advice if they have concerns about symptoms.


Many infections and other conditions can cause a burning sensation in the throat, including colds, tonsillitis, and GERD.

Soothe the pain by keeping the throat moist and with other home remedies.

If symptoms are severe, or if home remedies are not enough to resolve them within a few weeks, see a doctor for a full diagnosis and treatment.

by Medical News Today

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What Causes a Gray Tongue?

You're used to a healthy pink tongue, only noticing it when you brush your teeth or inspect your smile in the mirror from time to time. It's probably not the part of your oral cavity you think about most, as you're more concerned with cleaning your teeth to prevent cavities. So when you notice your tongue has a strange discolorment, such as a grayish tint, you probably have some concerns.

Some common questions that may first come to mind probably include why is my tongue gray? What causes a gray tongue? And should I worry? Let's go over the common causes of a grayish colored tongue, your risk factors, and treatments for each condition.


Leukoplakia is an oral condition that can cause white or grayish patches to appear inside your mouth. These patches can sometimes appear on the tongue, though they're often found on the cheeks or gums. It's not usually painful and may go unnoticed for a while if you don't keep up with your regular dental appointments. A sign that you have leukoplakia is that you can't gently scrape off these white or grayish patches on your own.

If you're a heavy smoker, chew tobacco, or consume alcohol in excessive amounts, you're more at risk for this condition. While leukoplakia usually isn't dangerous, it's not something you should ignore. It can be a precancerous condition, which means there's a chance that it could develop into oral cancer if left untreated.

Oral Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is an inflammatory disease that can affect different parts of your body and appear as reddish-purple rashes or bumps. When it forms inside your mouth, it can result in oral lesions that look gray and lacy, according to the Mayo Clinic. These patches that develop inside your mouth aren't itchy or painful, though some people develop ulcers, tender sores, or a burning sensation because of the oral lichen planus patches.

In most cases, you won't be able to determine the cause of oral lichen planus. But it usually occurs when your body has an abnormal immune response to something. In conjunction with a weakened immune system, oral lichen planus has a few primary triggers:

Hepatitis C

Flu vaccine

Some metals and chemicals (like an amalgam filling used in dental work)

Certain pain relievers, such as ibuprofen and medications for arthritis, heart disease, diabetes, or high blood pressure

Oral lichen planus isn't generally harmful. The Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine reports that only one percent of cases are associated with oral cancer.

Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is an infection that's caused by the Candida fungus, also known as yeast. This fungus is naturally present in our mouths but can sometimes become overgrown, most usually in babies or older adults who have developing or weakened immune systems. Oral thrush appears as white, cottage cheese-like patches inside the mouth, including on the tongue. These patches aren't easily removed, and if you remove a patch, you will most likely find the area underneath as red and bleeding. Like leukoplakia, we do not recommend you attempt to remove oral thrush on your own.

There are many possible causes of this opportunistic oral infection, and it spreads more easily in people with a weakened or suppressed immune system, like people with diabetes or cancer. It may also develop after an antibiotic treatment since antibiotics can kill off the mouth bacteria that usually keep yeast in balance.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Sometimes something as simple as a poor oral care routine can cause a white or gray coating on your tongue. The Mayo Clinic explains that the small projections on your tongue, known as papillae, can become inflamed on the tongue's surface due to poor oral hygiene. Bacteria and dead cells get trapped in these inflamed projections and give the tongue a white coating appearance. This coating isn't just a cosmetic issue. A coated tongue caused by inadequate oral hygiene often goes hand in hand with bad breath. So that's one more reason to keep up with a rigorous at-home oral care routine!

Treatments for a Gray Tongue

If you notice your tongue has turned gray, make an appointment to see your dental professional. Your dentist and dental hygienist can examine your tongue and determine the cause of its discoloration. Your prescribed treatment, and its length, will all depend on your diagnosis. Let's go over each:

In cases where leukoplakia is responsible, surveillance is the primary treatment. This means that your dental professional will want to keep an eye on it to make sure it does not progress into cancer. It's also recommended to quit lifestyle habits that make you more susceptible to leukoplakia. So if there's ever been a time to quit smoking, chewing tobacco, or drinking an excessive amount of alcohol, it's now.

You can also treat oral lichen planus with surveillance, and the condition can go away on its own. If the lesions are uncomfortable or painful, some treatments, such as corticosteroid mouthwashes and gels, can provide symptom relief.

When oral thrush is the cause of your grayish tongue, antifungal medications are the best course of action. You may get a prescription for antifungal mouthrinses or lozenges for a mild case. If your case is more severe, a prescription for an oral antifungal medication should do the trick.

If you've been forgetting to brush or floss as often as you should, try to get back in the habit of brushing twice per day and cleaning between your teeth with floss, a water flosser, or another interdental cleaning tool once per day. Follow up your oral care routine with a mouthwash to rinse away any remaining bacteria. When you brush your teeth, remember to use a soft-bristled brush and take the time to gently clean your tongue, too.

A gray coating on your tongue can be alarming at first, so it's normal to feel an initial shock of panic! We understand this reaction. But remember that most causes of tongue discoloration are relatively harmless, especially if treated right away. Your main priority should be to see a dental professional for diagnosis, who will discuss with you a planned course of treatment if needed.

It's also important to be gentle with yourself. We do not recommend scraping at oral lesions or brushing them too hard, as some will need medication for removal. If you're worried about your tongue, see your dental professional as soon as possible, as they will help put your mind at ease and get you back on track to feeling confident about your smile!

by Colgate

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Dealing With The Dreaded Gingivitis

While in the dentist office for cleanings or other necessary appointments, gingivitis may be a word that that you hear thrown around frequently. Gingivitis is a form of gum disease, that causes irritated and inflamed gums. Gingivitis is common, and treatable by your dental professional. This form of gum disease is so common, that in the United States alone, there are roughly more than 200,000 cases.

Gingivitis is usually caused by plaque, debris and bacteria that form on the teeth and soft tissues. Without maintaining your oral hygiene, the best you can, you risk irritating the soft tissue of the mouth. Because gingivitis and gum disease is so common, patients tend to not think of the risk factors that come along with this disease.

Gum disease is a DISEASE. It is a serious thing and needs to be thought of as such. Gum disease is typically overlooked because patients tend to associate red gums or bleeding gums as brushing and flossing too vigorously. In reality, not taking care of your gum disease can cause other issues within the body.

The oral cavity is very susceptible to bacteria growth and diseases because it is a warm place where bacteria thrive. When bacteria are left, infection and disease can arise, infiltrating the soft tissue and entering the blood stream. Once the infection enters the blood, you risk having infection occurring in other parts of the body. It is also important to realize that gum disease has been linked to diabetes and heart disease, so it should be treated immediately.

Whether you’re suffering from gingivitis or periodontal disease, you need to seek immediate attention from your dental professional. Do not let your signs and symptoms go to the wayside. When caught early, your doctor and their skilled team will be able to effectively treat your gum disease and help you with your oral health.

Contact your dentist if you are experiencing any inflammation of the gums, abnormal redness and bleeding. These may be signs of gingivitis. Schedule an appointment for your routine checkups and ensure you take care of your oral health.

by Rebecca Bork DDS, PA

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Foods That Can Cause Mouth Ulcers

Mouth ulcers are common and mostly harmless sores that occur inside the mouth. However, anyone who’s had one knows how unpleasant they are.

There are many things that cause these painful sores. Anxiety, stress, biting the inside of your cheek, and smoking are some typical reasons why you develop canker sores. What you eat is a huge contributor as well.

If you experience frequent mouth sores and they are not going away, this may have to do with your diet. It’s important to visit a dentist that knows how to identify the source of your canker sore problem and offer fast treatment. This way, you can get some professional advice that is also personalized to you.

In the meantime, read on to find out what major foods can cause mouth ulcers.

Acidic fruits

Fruits that are acidic, or particularly citrusy, can cause your mouth to break out in ulcers. Pineapples, oranges, lemons, and limes are some examples of fruits with high acidity. Strawberries, in particular, tend to cause mouth irritation.

These fruits cause mouth tissue stress and can aggravate your gums. This is especially true if you already have a sensitive mouth. Any juices made with these fruits will also have the same effect.

Bananas, watermelon, and apples are good fruits to eat – you will avoid abrasion.


As nutritious as nuts are, they are surprisingly bad for your teeth. Nuts such as walnuts, peanuts, cashews, and almonds are dangerous territory for your gnashers. It is the amino acid L-Arginine in these nuts that contributes to canker sores.

Salted nuts are especially bad, as the sodium dries your mouth out and cause the lining to become slightly inflamed.


Deal breaker! Chocolate, unfortunately, is a top food that causes mouth ulcers. This is mainly because of an alkaloid in chocolate called the obromide. The mouth is quite sensitive to this ingredient and it can lead to something similar to an allergic reaction. Some people who have this mild allergy will develop canker sores on their tongue and/or inner cheeks.

You don’t have to cut out chocolate completely, but if it causes you pain in your mouth, then consider cutting down on the cocoa.

Spicy Foods

Spicy foods can disrupt the lining inside your mouth, causing an ulcer. A bit like acidic fruits, spicy foods have high acidity and therefore are more likely to distress the skin.

You’ll want to avoid foods like curries, hot sauce, jalapenos, and spicy chips to save yourself from oral pain. Most of these are a double whammy, as they tend to have high salt content as well.

Hard Foods

This is quite a broad range of foods. Yet, it is foods classified as “hard” that are abrasive, sharp, and sore-forming:

Raw vegetables


Potato chips


It’s best to avoid these when you can if you’re prone to canker sores.

Alternatively, eat these in smaller sized mouthfuls. You could also combine the foods with something that takes the dry and hardness away. Applying extra butter to toast, and having raw vegetables or potato chips with dip may help your mouth cope better.

Foods You Are Allergic To

We briefly mentioned chocolate allergies. If there is a certain food that is giving you mouth ulcers time and time again, you may be allergic.

Try and note down what foods trigger your mouth ulcers. Experiment with the foods you eat each week, cutting back on certain items and increasing your dosage of others. This way, you can figure out what ingredients are the most harmful.

If you’re in pain from eating a small quantity of a certain food, then see a doctor for allergy testing.


Dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt are all common contributors to canker sores. Some doctors think that there is an ingredient in cow milk proteins that links to mouth ulcers. A flare-up could be due to an adverse immune reaction to cow’s milk.

If your mouth sores are recurring, it is definitely worth cutting out dairy products, especially those containing animal milk. Opt for soy and oat milk-based products and vegan cheese and see if these changes make a difference.

Coffee and Alcohol

There are certain drinks that, if consumed, bring a risk of oral ulcers. Coffee and alcohol (preferably not together!) are both very acidic. These are both drinks we often take in large quantities, and we’re least likely to give these up. It might be necessary to decrease your dose if you’re experience chronic mouth pain as a result.

The Food You’re Not Eating

Now, let’s shift the focus away from the foods you should avoid to foods you should pay attention to!

People get mouth ulcers if they are lacking certain vitamins and minerals in their diet. If your body is low on zinc, iron, B12 and/or folate then there’s a high chance you will get recurring sores.

To boost your levels of these, get more of these foods in your diet:

Zinc: oysters, whole grains and legumes

B12: meat, nutritional yeast, and yeast extract, and fortified cereals

Iron: dried fruit, green vegetables, red meat, beans and lentils

Folate: bread, rice, chickpeas, beans, and fresh fruit and vegetables


As you can see, there are many items that cause mouth ulcers and irritate the tissue. It’s best to eat these foods in moderation. Cut down on the foods that contribute to canker sores; you don’t have to ban them entirely.

However, if you do find that you have an underlying allergy it is best to cut those foods out altogether. Make sure you’re getting all the nutrients you need too. Like we said it’s not always about what your eating, but what you’re not eating that causes problems.

If you have altered your diet to eradicate your mouth ulcers, but they are still recurring, schedule an appointment with your dentist.

by Valley Ridge Dental Centre

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Sensitive Gums? Three Surprising Causes

The gums are often a neglected part of your oral health routine. Although you may brush regularly and see your dentist for scheduled checkups, your teeth usually steal the show. Even when you notice your gums are sore or swollen, you might mistake the pain for a cavity. But gum health is extremely important, and should be made a top priority when caring for your oral health. After all, this tissue is trusted to protect your teeth and keep them healthy, and while periodontal disease is the culprit in many cases, sensitive gums can be a symptom of other oral irritants, too.

Symptoms of Gum Sensitivity

Swelling and tenderness are often signs of gingivitis, but it's not the only condition that can leave your gums feeling less than robust. It's understandable to assume tender gums are the result of gingivitis, but this isn't always the case. When your gums become sensitive to hot and cold – or inflamed and sore after applying moderate pressure (when brushing your teeth, for example) – gingivitis is just one of the possible causes. Consider your symptoms to see if it's the result of one of the following surprising causes of sensitive gums:

1. Brushing Too Hard

Some individuals' gums can be sensitive to pressure, particularly when suffering from gum disease, so brushing too hard or using a highly abrasive toothpaste can leave them feeling irritable. You don't need a stiff toothbrush to get a great clean; rather, it's about technique. Consider a soft-bristled toothbrush which uses softer bristles and polishing cups that allow you to focus on brushing more gently. Massage your gums in back and forth motions rather than brush harshly to remove bacteria that may have already calcified into tartar (which needs dental assistance). And, if you do notice your toothpaste irritates your gums, consider one made specifically for sensitive mouths.

2. Hormonal Changes

Believe it or not, changes in your hormones can actually result in sensitive gums as well. Gums become more sensitive, according to the American Dental Association (ADA), because hormone fluctuations – such as those common during pregnancy – can change the way your body interacts with the bacteria you introduce to your mouth. This can result in gum and tooth decay, so it's important to see your dentist as scheduled during pregnancy, and mention any changes in oral health to your OB/GYN to avoid lasting damage.

3. Food or Appliance Irritation

Certain acidic foods and new oral appliances can leave your gums feeling sensitive and sore, respectively. Acidic foods, in particular, can cause irritation and even visible sores on the tender tissue of the gumline. Canker sores and even gums that are recessed can be an unfortunate side-effect to consuming things like citrus fruit, soda and sugary brands of yogurt in excess. Therefore, try eliminating acidic foods from your diet, and see if your sensitivity goes away over the next few days. The same goes for oral appliances: Braces, retainers, dentures and mouth guards can all tug at your gumline, leaving it extra tender if they've temporarily exposed more sensitive underlying tissue. In some cases, this sensitivity will go away as your mouth adapts to the appliance. If your gums continue to hurt, however, see your dentist or orthodontist to ensure the right fit with less sensitivity.

Gum disease is often the reason for periodontal soreness, but it's not always the reason for your sensitivity. Gums that are sensitive without bleeding might be trying to tell you a different story. Before attributing the pain to gingivitis, consider some of the other causes – you might be surprised at which of your habits could be causing  sore gums.

by Colgate

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Dentist reveals five things your teeth are telling you about your health

Your  teeth can indicate if something isn't right with your body.

It's helpful to keep an eye on the health of your mouth, and keep tabs on any changes - as it could mean something else in your body is struggling.

Making sure you keep regular appointments at the dentist will help, as they can spot things you might miss.

But knowing these five things to look out for in yourself and others could be key in catching any health issues.

1.- Anaemia and pale gums:

Pale gums can be caused by anaemia, most often due to an iron deficiency.

Some colour variations does naturally exist so you might appear to have paler or darker gums than others.

And usually if the gums aren't sore or bleeding, we don't pay them much attention.

But if you spot that your gums are suddenly looking quite pale and you are experiencing other symptoms such as feeling tired or dizzy, a follow-up with a physician might be a good idea.

2.- Eating disorders and tooth enamel:

If an eating disorder involves vomiting, stomach acids wash over teeth and can dissolve the hard enamel covering.

Changes in colour, shape, translucency, or sensitivity may provide clues to an underlying problem that can lead to extensive decay and tooth loss over time.

This can be something to look out for in friends or family you might be concerned about.

3.- Osteoporosis and tooth loss:

While this will be harder for you to look out for yourself, if you feel your teeth are a little loose you could be suffering with osteoporosis.

The bone around your teeth provides the foundation that supports them.

While it may be more difficult to detect at home, dentists and hygienists will be able to see a systemic change in bone density due to osteoporosis.

Teeth that move more than average during an exam could provide an early clue to this progressive condition.

We often recommend a bone density test with a physician in these cases.

4.- Oral thrush and HIV:

It's unusual to see oral thrush in generally healthy people, unless they wear dentures.

But as HIV patients have a weakened immune system, they become more susceptible to thrush and other more severe infections.

Signs of oral thrush include cracks at the corners of the mouth, not tasting things properly, an unpleasant taste in the mouth or pain inside the mouth. 

5.- Tooth loss and kidney disease:

Kidney disease can cause mouth sores, changes in taste, and dry mouth from xerostomia can cause a reduction in saliva production.

Then, when the mouth dries out acidity increases and the low pH may result in aggressive tooth decay and eventual tooth loss.

Some research also shows that patients with gum disease have an increased risk of kidney disease, another two-way relationship between oral and systemic health.

If you have noticed more unexplained mouth sores or a change in taste, it might be worth keeping an eye out for other symptoms of kidney disease.

This could be feeling more tired, trouble sleeping or needing to pee more often.

by Ellie Cambridge

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Views: 66

What’s the Cause of That Dark Spot on Your Tooth?

Even if you’re a diligent brusher and flosser, spots can still show up on your teeth. While some types of discoloration aren’t a cause for concern, a black or dark dot may point to a more serious issue like tooth decay.

If your pearly whites are spotted or discolored, you might be wondering why this happens and what you can do to get rid of the dark spots on your teeth.

In this article, we’ll explain the causes of these dark spots, what you can do to get rid of them, and how to know if you’re dealing with something more serious.

What causes a black or dark dot on your tooth?

Unless you’ve had a Sharpie pen close to your mouth, that black dot may be a sign that your tooth is in danger.

Some of the most common causes of a black or brown spot on your tooth may be due to the following:

tooth decay or a cavity

an injury to the affected tooth

tartar buildup on the tooth

staining due to frequent consumption of certain foods or drinks like coffee, tea, and soda, or from using nicotine products like cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and cigars

discoloration due to antibiotic use as a child, most specifically, the antibiotic tetracycline

fluorosis, a condition that occurs from an excess intake of fluoride

medical conditions such as celiac disease

What are the telltale signs of a cavity?

If food and bacteria build up on your teeth, it can form a sticky substance known as plaque.

If plaque is allowed to build up, the acids in plaque can erode the enamel on the surface of your teeth. This can cause cavities to form.

Signs of a cavity may include:

a dark spot or stain on your tooth

hot and cold sensitivity in the affected tooth

persistent ache in the tooth

a hole or pit in the tooth

lingering sensitivity to sweet foods or drinks

pain while eating

If you have any of these symptoms, make an appointment with a dentist as soon as possible to prevent further decay or complications.

Fillings are generally recommended for cavities when decay is closer to the surface and it doesn’t impact the tooth pulp or nerves.

When tooth decay becomes more advanced and gets into the soft core below your tooth’s enamel layer, the pulp inside your tooth can become inflamed or infected. When this happens, a root canal is often needed to clean out the decay.

Can a dark spot be removed?

If you want to get rid of a dark dot or spot on your tooth — and it isn’t due to tooth decay — you have a few options.

If a dark spot is caused by staining, both at-home and in-office treatments can help remove the discoloration.

Options for dental stain removal include:

Peroxide-based tooth bleaching kits or whitening strips. Both at-home and professional teeth whitening treatments can help remove stains and whiten your teeth.

Dental prophylaxis. This in-office procedure uses a prophylactic paste to remove dental plaque and calculus (tartar). The abrasives in the paste may also help remove surface stains on your teeth.

Tooth whitening pastes, powder, or liquids. Brushing your teeth twice a day with a tooth whitening paste that includes fluoride can help remove food debris and plaque, as well as surface stains. Ingredients can include peroxides and baking soda, with baking soda being the desirable abrasive for stain removal.

Veneers. Some dentists may recommend porcelain veneers or composite bonding to hide stubborn dark spots. This is a more expensive option.

How to avoid dark spots on your teeth

Although dark spots on your teeth aren’t uncommon, there are steps you can take to prevent staining and reduce your risk of tooth decay.

To keep your teeth healthy and looking their best, try some of these tips:

Practice good oral hygiene by brushing with a whitening fluoride toothpaste and flossing at least twice a day. For best results, aim to brush your teeth for at least 2 minutes. You can also use a mouthwash that has ingredients like alcohol, menthol, or eucalyptol. These ingredients can help kill bacteria in your mouth and on your teeth, but shouldn’t be used in place of brushing and flossing.

Brush your teeth right after consuming foods and drinks that can cause spots and stains, such as coffee, tea, soda, wine, red sauces, or chocolate.

Some dentists recommend drinking your coffee or other tooth-staining beverages through a straw to prevent the liquid from touching your teeth.

Avoid using nicotine products like cigarettes, pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, or cigars.

See your dentist every 6 months for a check-up and routine cleaning.

Talk with your dentist about professional whitening treatments and any extra steps you should take to protect the health of your teeth.

The bottom line

Even if you regularly brush and floss, spots can still show up on your teeth.

Some discoloration from certain foods and drinks is common and isn’t typically a cause for concern. But a black dot or spot may be a warning sign of tooth decay.

If you notice a black or dark spot on your tooth, it’s important to follow up with your dentist. They can determine the cause and provide you with options.

If the spot is due to tooth decay, your dentist may recommend a filling, root canal, or some other option. If the dark spot is due to staining from foods, drinks, or nicotine products, your dentist may recommend specific at-home or in-office treatments to remove the spot and whiten your teeth.

by Healthline

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Why you could be more prone to cavities

You may brush your teeth twice or more every single day, floss to make sure you’re reaching every nook and cranny in your mouth, and you might even use an oral rinse to top it off. But somehow you are still getting cavities. Maybe you’ve noticed friends or family members whose oral cleaning routines aren’t as diligent as yours but don’t get cavities nearly as often as you do. Why is that?

Some people are more susceptible to cavities for a number of reasons, not all of which are to do with improper teeth cleaning. Read on to find out what they are.


The culprit for why you might be more prone to cavities could be as simple as what you’re eating. Eating too many snacks and beverages filled with sugar is a major issue when it comes to your oral health and should be the first place you look to cut down for the sake of your teeth. Unless immediately cleaned with a toothbrush and fluoridated toothpaste, sugars sit around and between teeth, and along the gum line. These sugars become fuel for destructive bacteria which multiply and erode tooth enamel, which is the protective layer of teeth that protect against decay which leads to cavities.

Sugary foods to avoid include sodas, juices, sweets, and carbohydrates, such as white breads. To combat cavities, replace these foods with crunchy fruits and vegetables that are naturally low in sugars, such as carrots and celery, and drink water to flush away food debris and sugars that may be lingering among teeth. Bring your toothbrush and toothpaste with you to work to brush your teeth after lunch to ensure that no particles or sugars are left behind.

Oral bacteria

There are oral bacteria, or microbes, that are more aggressive than others when reacting with sugars in the mouth. This means that the bacteria that naturally forms in some people’s mouths can be more damaging than the bacteria that forms in other people’s mouths. This destructive bacteria is what breaks down the protective barriers of the teeth and can cause decay down through the root of the tooth, which is how cavities are formed. To combat aggressive oral bacteria, couple your regular brushing and flossing routine with an oral rinse that fights cavities by enhancing the tooth’s natural protection.

Dry mouth

If you experience a feeling of dryness in your mouth regularly, this could affect your oral health. Saliva is essential to combat cavities because it washes away destructive food particles, sugars, and bacteria in the mouth naturally. There could be various reasons why dry mouth occurs, including medication side effects, chemotherapy treatments, and sickness. To combat dry mouth and protect your teeth from cavities, rinse daily with an enamel enhancing mouth wash to protect teeth, and try to drink plenty of water throughout the day to make up for the lack of natural moisture in your mouth. Consult your healthcare professional for additional treatment for dry mouth symptoms.

Gum Recession

If gums recede far enough, the roots of the teeth can become exposed past where the tooth enamel naturally covers. This means that the base of the tooth is vulnerable and any bacteria that would naturally build could cause decay much easier, which results in cavities. Brushing lightly with an ultra soft toothbrush away from the gums is important to avoid causing further recession. Couple this technique with fluoridated toothpaste, an enamel enhancing oral rinse, and counsel from your dental professional to ensure that gum recession is not due to a larger health issue.

Tooth shape

Teeth that have naturally deep grooves are more susceptible to cavities because they are likely to catch food particles, sugars, and destructive bacteria easily. These grooves are more difficult to properly clean regularly and are closer to the root of the tooth so any erosion that does happen is more likely to have more destructive results because of its proximity to the vulnerable part of the tooth. Decay in these grooves is much more likely to cause cavities. Ensuring that these troublesome teeth shapes are cleaned fully twice each day and that no food particles are left behind after eating is the best way to combat and prevent cavities.

For further information about any of these issues, and for any other questions you may have about cavities and your oral health in general, consult your dental professional.

by 123 Dentist

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Views: 87

Gold Tooth Crown Facts and History

If you've recently had the unfortunate experience of chipping your tooth or have had to get a large cavity fixed, you're all too familiar with the initial panic of thinking you've ruined your great smile. But have no fear! There are some widespread and practical solutions for fixing damaged teeth. One common option is to get a crown. If your dental professional has told you that a gold crown tooth is right for your specific dental need, you've probably got some questions! Let's go over what a gold crown is, the reasons for getting one, and its unique history.

What is a Crown?

A gold crown, commonly referred to as a gold tooth cap, is a prosthetic device placed over a broken down tooth to strengthen it and improve its appearance. If your dental professional has chosen a material that's close to your existing tooth color, it will be hard even to notice it! Crowns are cemented to teeth to ensure they'll stay in place, and only a dental professional can remove them.

Reasons for a Crown

Some common reasons for needing a crown are:

To prevent a weakened tooth from fracturing.

To restore an already cracked tooth.

To act as a tooth replacement if only a small piece of one of your teeth remains.

To serve as a cover for a root canal, a dental implant, or a discolored tooth.

Like any dental procedure, you can expect some minor side effects or uncomfortable feelings to get used to the first few days after. As noted by the Cleveland Clinic, there are a few potential crown tooth side effects or issues that could arise later on: temporary sensitivity around the crown, an issue with a crown becoming loose or chipped, a dark line next to the gumline of your crowned tooth, or an allergic reaction to a metal (although this is rare).

Gold Crowns

Though it's called a gold crown, it's actually a combination of gold, copper, and other metals. Besides the apparent unique smile, you'll have after completion, a gold tooth crown provides many positive benefits. The pros of a gold crown include:

Seals well to prevent leakage and recurrent tooth decay.

Highly resistant to corrosion, fracture, and wear due to its strength.

A minimal amount of healthy tooth removal is necessary due to the strength of the metals.

Very resistant to wear while gentle to adjacent teeth.

Has high compatibility with gum tissue.

Did you know there are five main types of dental crown materials? Cleveland Clinic outlines them as metal (which includes gold, nickel, palladium, nickel, and chromium), porcelain, a combination of porcelain and metal, resin, and ceramic. While other materials have gained in popularity, gold is still used. One of the main reasons your dental professional may choose a gold crown is its durability. Your dental professional will recommend the type of crown that's right for you and discuss the pros and cons of each. They'll discuss with you what makes the most sense in regards to the damage to your tooth, as well as your lifestyle, budget, and personal preference!

History of Gold Crowns

Constructing tooth appliances and accessories is an ancient practice. Gold tooth decorations or ornaments date back as far as 4,000 years ago in Southeast Asia, according to the academic paper titled "Gold Work, Filing and Blackened Teeth: Dental Modifications in Luzon." Modifying teeth, be it gold, blackening, or filing, was a beautification method and showed one's status. In Luzon, an island in the Philippines, the earliest traces of gold teeth were found between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.

Gold dental appliances have gone in and out of popularity as a status symbol for many years, so it's no surprise they date back so far. Archeologists also found gold dental appliances from the Etruscan people of Italy, as early as 630 BCE, interpreting them to be some of the earliest forms of bridges and replacement teeth.

Whether you've already got a crown or haven't even had any major dental work, keeping your teeth and gums healthy should be a priority. That means scheduling regular check-ups with your dental professional. They're an excellent source for information, such as proper brushing techniques and identifying the onset of tooth decay. The rest is up to you! Be diligent with your daily oral care routine. Brush your teeth twice a day, clean between your teeth once a day with floss, an interdental cleaning device, or a water flosser, and then rinse with mouthwash. But sometimes things happen, and a crown ends up being unavoidable! Speaking with your dental professional about your dental crown options and why a gold crown may be ideal for you should ease your mind.

by Colgate

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Views: 70

What You Should Know About Full Arch Dental Implants

Do you want to know if you’re a good candidate for a full arch restoration? Your mouth has two arches: the lower arch and the upper arch. Your upper and lower teeth emerge from these arches and come together to form your bite. You must have a proper bite so that you do not have any oral or jaw problems. If you are missing any teeth, your bite is jeopardised, which means you will likely encounter some form of a dental ailment sooner or later.

Full Arch Dental Implants

Dental implants, which allow the wear of implant-supported dentures, are often employed as a solution for people in need of full-arch restoration services. They can be utilised for persons who are missing several or all of their teeth owing to various sorts of dental and/or gum injury and hence require a tooth replacement alternative to conduct their daily functions without difficulty. They can also be utilised by persons who currently have dentures and are looking for a new denture choice since their current dentures are not satisfying their specific demands.

Who Is a Candidate for Dental Restorations?

To be approved as a candidate for a complete mouth restoration with dental implants, a person must first be seen by a competent dentist. The dentist must ensure that there is adequate jawbone to successfully introduce the dental implants into the bone. To be considered a candidate, the potential patient must also be in good general health, as implanting dental implants into someone’s jawbone is a surgical procedure.

Why Should You Get Dental Implants For Your Mouth Restoration?

Implant-supported dentures provide several advantages to wearers, including a more natural-looking grin, the ability to avoid moving around like traditional dentures, and the capacity to protect jawbone health.

Advantages of full arch implants

Because all of the teeth are replaced at once rather than one at a time, the results are immediate.

The dental bridges that are put over the implants appear exactly like natural teeth, and they’re even better because they’re made to be perfect!

Nobody can tell they’re not real teeth.

You have complete freedom to consume whatever you want.

There is no danger of implants or bridges sliding, slipping, or falling out.

You have flawless speech, eating, and chewing abilities.

Dental implants are indestructible.

They protect the structure of your jawbone, preventing facial degeneration.

They are simple to care for and keep. Brushing and flossing your teeth, as usual, is required.

All-on-four dental implants are far less expensive than single-tooth implants for all of your teeth.

by Long Falls Dentistry

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Interesting Facts About Teeth

Teeth & Oral Hygiene Facts

Did You Know?

Just like a fingerprint, each tooth has an individual shape and size that is unique to each person. This is one reason that forensic dentists are sometimes called to the scene of crimes or disasters to help identify victims and perpetrators.

Tooth enamel is the hardest material in the human body! Although your enamel is incredibly durable, it can erode, crack, and chip. Be sure to use a soft-bristled toothbrush to gently brush your teeth, to wear a nightguard if you grind your teeth, and to avoid jaw breakers, chewing ice, and opening packaging with your teeth.

If you brush your teeth for the recommended twice a day for two minutes each time, you’ll only spend a little over 1 day brushing your teeth each year. That’s a small amount of time to maintain a smile that is healthy and beautiful!

Although there are exceptions, right-handed people tend to prefer chewing on the right side of their mouths, while left-handed people tend to like chewing on the left side.

Animal Teeth Facts

Did You Know?

Giraffes have no front teeth on their upper jaw! They have a hard palate at the top jaw line with molars in the back.

While humans only have 28-32 adult teeth, certain species of snails can have over 25,000 teeth.

An elephant can grow six sets of molars in a lifetime. These teeth can weigh over 6 pounds each!

Some animals act like dentists and dental hygienists for their neighbors. For example, when a Nile crocodile waits with its mouth open, an Egyptian plover bird often stops for a snack by picking at and cleaning the crocodile’s teeth. After performing this service, the bird leaves unharmed.

Interesting Facts About Dental History

Did You know?

Early toothbrushes were made of twigs that our ancestors chewed on.

The first recorded “dentist”, named Hesi-Ra, lived in Egypt thousands of years ago.

Ancient Greeks used tooth powders made of unusual ingredients, like pumice and talc, to clean their teeth.

Though Emeline Roberts Jones began practicing at her husband’s dental practice in 1855 after teaching herself basic fillings and extractions, Lucy Beaman Hobbs became the first female dentist with a Doctor of Dental Surgery degree in 1866.

Tooth Enamel Can Never Be Replaced

Yes, you heard that right. Enamel, the hardest and most highly mineralized substance in your body that protects your teeth cannot be replaced if it is broken down. Enamel is the number one thing protecting your teeth from decay and plays a part in determining the colour of your teeth. Although many kinds of toothpaste claim they can “restore” your teeth, this is somewhat misleading. They do restore your teeth by removing harmful bacteria and plaque and strengthening existing enamel, but they do not replace enamel that has worn off.

Not Everyone Needs to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed

Everyone is well-acquainted with the idea that most people need to have their wisdom teeth removed once they start to emerge. Wisdom teeth can be a major problem for many people because the modern human jaw size is much smaller than it once was meaning there isn’t enough room for four new molars to come in during your late teens or early twenties. But this isn’t the case for everyone. Unlike most people, whose wisdom teeth come in crooked, damaging other teeth and causing a lot of pain, some people’s wisdom teeth grow in perfectly straight and they have no problems with them. If you’re concerned about whether you need to get your wisdom teeth removed on not, speak with an oral health specialist. They will take an x-ray and be able to see whether they’re coming in straight or not.

Oral Health is Linked to Your Overall Health

Unfortunately, oral health isn’t as much of a localized issue as we would like to believe and it’s amazing how much an oral health specialist can learn about your overall health just by inspecting your gums and teeth. If you have a poor diet that leads to cavities, gum disease, or tooth decay, you could be at a much higher risk for heart cardiovascular disease, strokes, and much more. Not to mention a poor diet often leads to diabetes or obesity which can make dental issues worse.

Your teeth are also very close to major arteries and your sinuses. If your teeth or gums get infected, this can easily spread to other parts of the body and even to the heart.

A Month of Our Lives Is Spent Brushing

If you brush your teeth once every morning and every night for a minute, you will have spent 852 hours or 35.5 days of your life brushing your teeth by the age of 70. That’s a lot of time! However, this doesn’t take into account the time it takes to floss which you should absolutely be doing.

Many People Have Missing Teeth

Many people are under the impression that tooth loss is something that only happens in old age. However, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Although in adults age 20 to 64, only about 3.75% of people have no remaining teeth, this number increases significantly with age. In adults between the age of 65 and 74, 30 percent of people are missing all their teeth.

by Heritage Dental

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Should I get a Bridge or a Dental Implant?

Tooth loss is an incredibly common occurrence, especially as you age. When you lose a single tooth it’s important to get a proper replacement so that the rest of your teeth stay aligned. Replacement teeth can also help maintain your facial shape and avoid any difficulties with eating and speaking. Two common solutions for this are dental bridges and implants.

Dental bridges are false teeth that are held in place by the neighbouring teeth. They are typically made from porcelain or plastic and they are designed to match your natural tooth colour. They can cover one or several missing teeth.

Dental implants are made with artificial tooth roots that are typically made from titanium. They are mounted into your jawbone with screws in order to hold a crown or bridge in its place. Here are some of the pros and cons of dental implants and dental bridges so that you can decide what the best option is for you.

Dental implants and bridges will both give you natural looking results, but they each have their own advantages and drawbacks.


Dental bridges are usually cheaper in upfront costs than implants, and your insurance is more than likely to be able to cover some of their costs. The prices will vary depending on the type of implant or bridge you will get, the materials used, how extensive the procedure will be and where you live.

A low end dental bridge could cost about $500 per tooth, while more expensive dental bridges can be up to $1,200. However, this won’t include the price of the dental crown that attaches to the tooth to your neighbouring teeth. A crown can be another $500 to $2,500 per tooth.

Dental implants typically cost around $3,000 to $4,500 per tooth. Insurance will be less likely to cover the costs of dental implants. Even though dental implants will cost more upfront, they also tend to age better than dental bridges and they won’t need to be replaced as often.

Your dentist can give you advice about the best tooth replacement option for your situation. The best option for you will depend on your budget, how many teeth you are missing and your overall health.

If you have dental insurance, it is more likely you will cover a dental bridge than an implant. If you don’t have insurance and both are out of your price range, you could talk to your dentist about partial dentures or other options.

If you are missing more than one tooth, a dental bridge will likely be a better option than an implant. A separate implant will need to be attached to your jaw for every missing tooth, which will lead to expensive and often unnecessary surgery.

Dental implants will require surgery, so this might not be an option for those who have medical conditions that might hinder healing, such as diabetes or leukemia. The best candidates for dental implants should have good overall health and have a jawbone that is free of decay and healthy enough to support the dental implant.

by Slipacoff Dental Centre

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How Proper Oral Care Techniques Can Make a Huge Difference

Flossing is a very important step in a good oral care routine. However, flossing alone is simply not enough to maintain optimum oral health. Flossing is beneficial only for getting the buildup of plaque and food that is between the teeth. This leaves a large portion of your mouth untouched, giving bacterial ample space to grow. An ideal oral care routine includes flossing daily, brushing at least two times per day, using mouthwash daily, and even cleaning your tongue daily. These steps are only beneficial if done properly.

Flossing and brushing are a perfect match in oral care. What one misses the other gets. The purpose of performing both is to reduce the number of bacteria in your mouth, and the food that feeds them. This bacteria feeds on the plaque and produces an acid, this acid eats away at tooth enamel and causes cavities. This same bacteria also produces the waste that causes bad breath. It is often found in the plaque, and neither brushing nor flossing alone can remove all of it. In order to make the most of your time, and provide the best care for your teeth, it is important to know how to do each step properly and just what those steps are.

Flossing Your Teeth

Flossing is simple, extremely important, and often the most neglected oral care step. To floss properly begin by choosing a dental floss that will not fray. Start with 18” or so of floss. Wrap 14” around your index or middle finger, whatever is more comfortable, and the rest around the same finger on the opposite hand. Glide the floss that is left unwound between your teeth, gently curving is against your tooth when you reach your gum line, and sliding it alongside the tooth. As the floss collects plaque and food, release the fresh floss from the side that you wound 14” on and wrap the dirty floss around the other finger so you can maintain an even tension. Always be sure to pay close attention to the very back teeth!

Brushing Your Teeth

Now that you have flossed properly, it is time to brush! I recommend a soft bristle brush that you replace no less than every 3 months or sooner if your bristles show wear. You want to begin with a fluoride tooth paste, about the size of a pea, and hold the brush at a 45 degree angle at your gum line. Use gentle pressure and a circular motion to get the bristles both on and between teeth. Focus on one or two teeth at a time taking care to get both the front and back of each tooth and alone the gum lines. You should be brushing two minutes, at least two times per day.

Cleaning Your Tongue

You likely knew that is was important to brush your teeth, but did you also know it is important to brush your tongue? The taste buds on your tongue can harbour that same bacteria that your teeth can. This is a major factor to bad breath. Using your tooth brush and either water, mouth wash, or toothpaste, brush back to front all over your tongue. This will reduce yellowing on the tongue, and freshen your breath!

Rinsing Your Mouth

The last step helps clear the whole mouth of bacteria. This step is: Mouthwash! Mouthwash is the perfect ally. It freshens breath, and kills bacteria the other steps may have missed. There are a multitude of choices out there, from alcohol free for a sensitive mouth, to kinds prescribed by the dentist to eliminate gingivitis. The most common one is used for killing bacterial plaque that causes cavities and gum disease. To use it, read the label and swish and gargle the appropriate amount for 30 seconds one or two times per day. Be sure to not drink water right after so the mouthwash has time to work.

Following these steps as a daily part of your oral care routine, along with regular dental check-ups will help ensure a healthy mouth! It is important to do each consistently and properly so that they are able to get rid of any bad bacteria build up that might cause bad breath, cavities, or gum diseases.

by Slipacoff Dental Centre

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Here Are the Major Causes of Tooth Enamel Loss, And How to Stop It!

More than nine in 10 Canadians have had dental decay at some point in their lives. This makes tooth decay the most common oral condition in Canada, and, in fact, throughout the world.

The good news is, tooth decay is preventable. This is much thanks to the enamel, the extremely hard material that covers and protects the teeth.

This doesn't mean that the enamel is impervious to damage, though. Tooth enamel loss can still occur, and it can happen way faster if you make the wrong food and drink choices.

Ready to learn more about enamel and the many things that can weaken it? Then let's get right into it!

What Is the Enamel?

The enamel is the hard, outermost layer of the teeth. Think of it as a shield protecting the inner, more sensitive parts of your teeth. In fact, it's this material that protects your teeth from the bad bacteria that live in the mouth.

97% of the enamel is hydroxyapatite, the mineralized form of calcium phosphate. This makes the enamel the hardest material in the body -- even harder than bone and steel. However, the enamel is also a lot more brittle than both.

As such, no matter how hard the enamel is, it can corrode, erode, and wear away over time. Enamel loss is one of the main causes of tooth sensitivity and eventually, dental decay. When this occurs, your gums will become more susceptible to gum disease.

Contrary to popular belief though, aging isn't the sole culprit behind the loss of enamel. Yes, you'll lose some of this protective covering as a natural part of the aging process. However, there are many other things that can speed up the deterioration of the enamel.

Here’s a quick look at 10 of them.

1. Poor Dental Hygiene

The oral cavity is home to about 700 bacterial species. Most of these microorganisms are benign or harmless, while others aid in digestion. Some even help protect the gums and teeth from diseases.

Many others, however, are the primary reason for tooth decay and gum disease. These are the bacteria that feed on the carbohydrates left by the food and drinks you consume. As they eat away and digest these carbs, these bacteria produce acids on the teeth.

These acids turn into plaque once they get mixed with your saliva and the other bacteria in your mouth. Plaque is the soft, sticky, and clear film that forms on the surfaces of and between teeth. It can also cover the areas above and below your gum line.

Plaque contains millions of bacteria that attack the teeth enamel. Repeated attacks will ultimately wear away and weaken the enamel.

The thing is, detectable plaque can form on undisturbed teeth in as little as 12 hours.

This is why you need to brush and floss at least twice a day. Otherwise, you'll give the bad bacteria in your mouth enough time to eat away at the tooth enamel.

2. Using the Wrong Kind of Mouth Wash

Chlorhexidine gluconate is a disinfectant and antiseptic used in germicidal mouthwashes. As effective as it is in fighting bacteria though, it has also shown to increase tartar formation. Tartar is the hardened form of dental plaque, so you definitely don't want it on your teeth.

You can still gargle with a germicidal mouthwash, but limit it to short-term use. For regular gargling, stick to plaque-inhibiting or preventive mouthwashes. You should also refrain from rinsing, drinking, or eating 30 minutes after you gargle.

3. Swigging Soda

100 grams of sucrose or table sugar contains 42.11 grams of carbon. A 325 ml can or bottle of regular Coca-Cola has 39 grams of sugar. So, aside from all that sugar, that regular Coke also contains 16.4 grams of carbon.

Every time you drink soda, these two components interact with the bacteria in your mouth. They'll form even more acids that attack the teeth. Over time, these assaults will take their toll on your enamel and cause it to break down.

4. Too Much Citric Acid

As healthy as they are, orange and apple juices contain high levels of citric acid that can wear down the enamel. In fact, the citric acid in these juices can be five times more corrosive than the citric acid in some types of soda. Moreover, these acids can trigger the development of white marks on your teeth.  

You don't have to completely ban them from your diet, but if you do eat or drink them, be sure to rinse with plain water after. This will help wash away some of the acids they leave behind.

5. Regular Consumption of Carbonated Water

Drinking carbonated water all the time can also result in tooth enamel loss. In fact, carbonated water is acidic enough to weaken etched and sealed enamel!

6. Snacking on Sugar

If you're like 40% of Canadians, then you eat candy at least three times a week. If you like these sweets a lot, then you may even be part of the 28% who eat them every day.

Unfortunately, two-thirds of the carbohydrates in hard candy is pure sugar. Chewy caramels also contain almost 7 grams of sugar apiece.

Anything sugary is a threat to your teeth and gums because bacteria also love to feast on them. Combine this with poor dental hygiene, and it won't take long before your enamel wears away.

7. Feasting on Starches

White bread, crackers, pasta, rice, and cakes contain "rapidly digestible starches" (RDS). These processed starches are simple carbohydrates that break down quickly into sugars.

8. Guzzling Alcohol

Saliva helps prevent enamel loss and tooth loss by neutralizing bacterial acids. They also help stop plaque-causing bacteria from growing and multiplying.

Unfortunately, the alcohol and acid content of alcoholic drinks reduces saliva. Without enough saliva, your mouth will become a haven for harmful microorganisms. The longer this mouth dryness goes on, the more your teeth will be at risk of enamel loss and decay.

This is why people with an alcohol use disorder usually have higher plaque levels. These people are also three times more likely to suffer from permanent tooth loss.

9. Bruxism

Bruxism, or teeth grinding, affects 10% of the adult population. It occurs more often during sleep, although some people also have awake bruxism.

Either way, all that grinding, clenching, and gnashing of the teeth can wear away the enamel. In fact, severe bruxism can even cause outright damage, such as cracks or breaks, on the teeth.

10. Acid Reflux Disease

One in six Canadians suffers from gastroesophageal reflux (acid reflux or GERD). If you have this condition, your stomach acids reach your mouth throughout the day.

As with the rest of the acids in this list, gastric acid can also wear away the teeth enamel.

Putting a Stop To Tooth Enamel Loss

Keep in mind that once you lose enamel, you can't bring it back. However, you can still restore and strengthen weakened enamel. Still, it's much better (and easier) to keep your existing enamel.

Here are some tips on how you can stop enamel loss.

Brush for No Less Than 2 Minutes

Make sure that you spend at least two minutes on brushing your teeth. This gets rid of 26% more plaque compared to brushing for 45 seconds (which most people do).

Upgrade to a Tapered-Tip Toothbrush

This type of toothbrush has soft bristles with tips that are narrower than a regular brush. Their tapered tips give them the ability to go under the gums without hurting the soft tissues. As a result, they get to remove plaque that may be hiding under your gum line!

In fact, one study confirmed that tapered-tip toothbrushes removed 71% of plaque. The researchers say that this is much higher than the plaque removed by a normal toothbrush.

Up Your Fluoride Intake

In 2017, 13.9 million Canadians were drinking fluoridated community water. Thanks to the fluoride in this water, tooth decay rates in both kids and adults went down by 30%.

Drinking fluoridated water is one of the best ways on how to strengthen teeth enamel. This helps keep your teeth hard while also combatting bad oral bacteria.

Moreover, fluoride also restores enamel in small amounts. It does so by re-mineralizing the surfaces of the teeth. It won't bring back all the lost enamel, but it can help restore part of the teeth surfaces.

Say Hi To Your Dentist After Every Six Months

Visit your dentist for tooth cleaning and gum treatments to prevent enamel loss. Seeing your dentist at least twice a year can help you ensure you don't have hidden tartar buildup. Routine check-ups also help your dentist track any potential enamel loss or damage.

Don’t Lose Any More of Your Dental Enamel

There you have it, your ultimate guide on the common culprits behind tooth enamel loss. Now that you know what they are, it'll be easier to keep them away from your teeth. This way, you can reduce your chances of losing your teeth's protective coating.

by Daas Dentistry

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Five Reasons Why Your Teeth Are Changing Color

Brushing and flossing your teeth every day can keep your smile bright and white. However, you might have noticed that even though you take great care of your teeth, they look a little yellow and have lost their sparkle. This is completely normal. Here are 5 reasons why this could be happening to you.

Food and Drinks: Coffee, tea and red wine play a major role in staining your teeth. They all have Chromogens, which are intense color pigments that attach to the white outer part of your tooth known as enamel.Tip: Drink with a straw, keeping those stain-causing dyes in the drink away from your teeth

Tobacco Use: The two chemicals found in tobacco, tar and nicotine, create a tough stain. Tar is naturally dark. Nicotine is colorless, but when it’s mixed with oxygen, it creates a yellowish color. Both together create the stain.

Age: Below the white shell of enamel on our teeth is a softer area called Dentin. Over the years, our outer enamel gets thinner from brushing and the yellowish dentin shows through.

Trauma: If you have experienced an injury to the mouth, your tooth may change color. This is because your tooth reacts to the trauma by putting down more dentin, which is darker than the outer enamel on your teeth.

Medications: Many different kind of medications come with the side effect of darkening your teeth. Also, children who are exposed to medication when their teeth are forming, either in the womb or as a baby, can experience discoloration of their adult teeth later in life.

Some of these reasons are preventable and some of these happen over the course of life. Try to avoid some of these things and continue to brush and floss your teeth every day.

by Implant Dentistry Lansing

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How Your Dentist Can Treat Gum Disease

Dentists are experts in keeping gums and teeth healthy. During a check-up they examine your mouth, teeth and gums to spot any problems and they can often be the first defence against gum disease.

Unlike tooth ache or sensitivity, gum disease often doesn't cause pain or discomfort, so even if you do spot some of the signs, such as red, swollen, bleeding or receding gums, you might not seek help as fast as you should. But if gum disease is left untreated at the first stage of gingivitis, it can develop into periodontitis, which is much more serious and can lead to tooth loss.


During the first part of a dental check up your dentist may take what is called a 'history', which helps the dentist to build up a picture of your health and risk factors. You may be asked questions like these:

Are you experiencing any signs of gum disease, such as bleeding or swollen gums?

Have you had treatment for gum disease before?

Do you smoke or do you have a family history of gum disease?

Questions about your oral health routine, such as how often do you brush your teeth?

By asking these questions your dentist can work out if you are more likely to have gum disease. If you have had previous treatment or have early symptoms of gum disease it alerts your dentist to potential problems. If you smoke or have a family history of gum disease you are at higher risk and if you don't have a good oral health routine then you are more likely to suffer from gum problems.

The second stage is the clinical examination, where your dentist will look for gum disease symptoms, such as:

Inflamed, swollen or red gums

Bleeding gums

Changes in gum texture - healthy gums have tiny indentations, which look like stippling, all over them, with gum disease they become puffy, smooth and glossy in texture

Receding gums, where the gum line is drawing back from the tooth

Pockets or deeper gaps developing between the gums and teeth

Loose or wobbly teeth


If your dentist diagnoses gingivitis he or she may suggest you have a professional clean, called a 'scale and polish'. This can be done by either the dentist or a hygienist and is designed to remove stubborn build up of plaque bacteria to get your teeth really clean.

Your dentist or hygienist can also offer advice on how to help treat and prevent gum disease at home.


Your dentist will advise you as to when you should visit for check-ups. If you experience any problems or symptoms in between visits you should make an appointment immediately.

by Parodontax

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Hairline tooth fractures

You may not have heard of the term hairline tooth fracture but it could be a condition you’re already familiar with. When biting down something, have you ever felt a sharp pain that quickly disappears? This is one of the most common symptoms of a hairline tooth fracture.

What’s a hairline tooth fracture?

A small crack on the tooth is what’s referred to as a hairline tooth fracture. There are different types of cracks that can appear on the tooth. They include:

Craze lines: These are minute cracks that are often found on the enamel of your teeth. They often don’t cause any pain, therefore, there’s no need to seek any type of treatment.

Vertical cracks: This is a deeper crack compared to the craze lines since it runs up and down the tooth. It may not reach the gum line, therefore, you can still save the tooth from extraction.

Split tooth: When the crack on the tooth has separated it into two segments then it’s called a split crack. Sometimes the split tooth is large and the tooth will likely need to be extracted.

Fractured cusps: These are often found around dental fillings. They don’t reach the tooth’s pulp hence cause minimal pain if any.

Common causes of hairline tooth fractures

You may experience small cracks on your teeth due to:

Chewing on hard objects or foods

Poor habits like jaw clenching and teeth grinding

An injury such as a fall or sports accident that involves a blow to the mouth

Large fillings that weaken the structure of the tooth

Hot or cold foods

Old age: Teeth are more prone to cracking above the age of 50

Signs and symptoms of a hairline tooth fracture

If you suspect that you could be having a hairline tooth fracture, watch out for the symptoms below:

Pain that’s inconsistent. Could occur when chewing or biting food.

Tooth sensitivity whenever you consume hot or cold foods

Swollen gums that are painful

The reason why a cracked tooth hurts is because whenever you bite down food, it exerts pressure on the crack causing it to open further. When you stop biting the food, the crack closes back up which explains why the sharp pain immediately disappears. Sometimes the cracks are very microscopic but when they open, they expose pulp inside the tooth that could become infected or damaged. Once the pulp is infected, you’ll have to undergo a root canal to save your tooth.

How to determine if you have a hairline tooth fracture

It’s impossible to detect a hairline tooth fracture due to its small size that makes it invisible to the naked eye. However, the dentist can diagnose this condition by performing a visual exam using a magnifying lens or using a dental dye which makes the cracks stand out more. An x-ray may also reveal small cracks.

Treatment of hairline tooth fracture

The best method of treatment will depend on where the crack is located, its size and how far it’s extended towards the gum line. Bonding can be done to fill the crack. The dentist may also recommend applying a crown, which fits over the damaged tooth and caps it. In severe cases, where the crack has extended into the pulp, a root canal is necessary or you may have to remove the tooth.

by Smiles On Queen Dentistry

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Dental Hygienist vs. Dental Assistant: What’s the Difference?

We know and love the people that care for us when at the dentist, but do you know what their jobs are? Today we’re going to explain the difference between a dental assistant vs. a dental hygienist. The differences center around their daily duties and schooling, but either way they both help to keep our patients comfortable and healthy! 

Dental Hygienist

A dental hygienist works side-by-side with the dentist to provide the best oral healthcare to the patients. A dental hygienists job duties can vary from dental office to office, but the American Dental Association lists that some of the services a dental hygienist will provide include:

Screening patient procedures and assessing oral health conditions by reviewing medical history, doing oral cancer screenings, inspecting the head and neck, dental charting, and taking blood pressure

Taking and developing patient x-rays

Removing hard and soft deposits from all surfaces of the teeth

Helping patient with preventative measures by applying things like sealants and fluoride

Showing the patients appropriate oral hygiene strategies to maintain their oral health once home, like how to brush and floss appropriately

Counseling patients on nutrition

Making impressions of patients’ teeth for study

Documenting and office management

Being a dental hygienist is no easy feat, but can be one of the best career opportunities in the dental field since they work so close with the patients day in and day out.

What Schooling is Required?

In most instances, dental hygienists typically need an associate’s degree in dental hygiene. Dental hygienist programs can also be found at vocational and trade schools, technical schools, and even most universities. Career Colleges states that though there are multiple routes to take to becoming a dental hygienist, the most common steps to starting this profession include:

Enrolling in a degree program in dental hygiene that is accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA)

Researching state-specific requirements for a dental hygiene license

Pass a written and practical licensing exam that is required by the state you’re going to be working in

Submit required documentation for licensure to the dental hygienist licensing agency of the appropriate state

Apply for the job and begin the interviewing process

Dental Assistant

A dental assistant is one of the people within the dentist office that helps everything run smoothly each day. Job descriptions of dental assistants are extremely varied from one dental practice to the next, but the American Dental Association says some of their responsibilities can include:

Assisting the dentist during a variety of treatments and procedures

Taking and developing x-rays

Learning about the patient’s health history and taking vitals

Serving as infection control officer, coming up with an infection control plan for the office to implement and maintaining a sterile environment

Helping patients feel comfortable through all parts of their treatments

Teaching patients how to care for their mouths after treatments

Showing patients appropriate oral hygiene strategies, like how to brush and floss

Getting models of teeth

Performing office management tasks

Communicating with patients and supplies, which can include making appointments, answering the phone, ordering supplies, and more

Helping provide patient care in all dental specialties, like orthodontics, periodontics, surgery, and more

Becoming a Dental Assistant

Unlike going the dental hygienist route, there is no required degree program to become a dental assistant. However, most states regulate the work of dental assistants, according to Very Well Health, and there are requirements to complete licensing from an accredited dental assisting program or exam. Generally, the options include:

One-year training program

Associates degree from a community college

Or by getting on-the-job training

The employment of dental assistants is showing to grow 11% from 2018-2028, which is a much faster pace than most occupations. There’s a link between oral health and our overall wellbeing. Because of this, we will continue to see an increase in the demand for preventative dentistry.

When you know you’ll be met with caring and knowledgeable dental hygienists and dental assistants, it can take away some of the fear of visiting the dentist. Through all the steps, you’ll know you’re getting the best possible care. At some point during your procedure or cleaning, you’ll be interacting with either, or both, a dental hygienist and dental assistant.

by Niles Family Dentistry

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Tooth Discoloration: Causes and Treatments

Tooth discoloration can be the cause of great embarrassment and can make people feel self conscious about smiling. It is important to remember that no one’s teeth are naturally perfectly white and it’s normal for our teeth to become duller as we age.

The normal aging process means that as the outer enamel wears away, the natural colour of the dentin underneath can result in teeth appearing discoloured. Nevertheless, important lifestyle factors also play a large part in tooth discolouration and it is important to recognize these.

In addition to the normal aging process, there are two main causes of tooth discoloration:

Extrinsic: This occurs when the outer layer of the enamel becomes stained because of the consumption of certain substances.

Consumables that can cause tooth discoloration include:

Food and drink such as coffee, tea, wine, cola, tobacco and certain fruits and vegetables e.g. apples and potatoes

Smoking or chewing tobacco

Poor dental hygiene that results in the accumulation of stain-causing particles

Intrinsic: This happens when the internal structure of the tooth, the dentin, darkens or develops a yellow hue.

This can be caused by a number of things:

Exposure to too much fluoride during childhood

Chipped teeth which can cause discoloration due to nerve or enamel damage

Medication such as tetracycline and doxycycline antibiotics, some antihistamines, antipsychotics and antihypertensives

Several diseases such can affect the colour of the enamel or dentin. In addition, treatment such as chemotherapy can also cause discoloration

How can I prevent tooth discoloration?

Having a good dental hygiene routine can prevent extrinsic tooth discoloration. This includes brushing your teeth after every meal. Dentists also recommend rinsing your mouth with water immediately after consuming foods or drinks that could stain your teeth, such as coffee, wine or cola. Seeing a dental hygienist every six months for a professional clean will also assist in the removal of extrinsic stains.

How can I treat tooth discoloration?

Treatment options for tooth discoloration vary depending on the cause. Ensuring that you regularly brush and floss your teeth is the first step. Avoiding foods and drinks that cause stains is highly recommended. In addition, tooth discoloration can also be treated through the use of over-the-counter whitening products. These products contain a weak bleach formula that is applied to a mouthpiece that sticks to your teeth. Whitening toothpastes can assist in the removal of light stains but do not change the overall colour of your teeth. For a stronger treatment, it is recommended that you visit your dentist who will apply a strong light-activated bleaching agent to your teeth in a professional way. This method results in your teeth becoming significantly whiter in 30 – 45 minutes.

by Fresh Dental Care

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Why Do My Teeth Hurt After Flossing?

An important part of your oral care includes a daily routine of brushing your teeth, rinsing with mouthwash and flossing. While you may have not noticed much discomfort with brushing or rinsing alone, irritation with flossing is a common concern. The American Dental Association considers flossing an essential part of oral care. Flossing can bring attention to your sensitive gums and you may even notice your teeth bleed when flossing, but you ask yourself, “why do my teeth hurt after flossing?“

If you’ve asked yourself this question, keep reading to find out what can be causing that discomfort and some helpful tips to may help reduce the irritation when flossing.

Flossing is New to Your Oral Hygiene Routine

If you have just recently added flossing to your morning or nighttime routine discomfort can occur the first few times. It can take a few sessions for your gums to get used to the flossing. Stick it out and stay consistent! Your mouth should eventually build a tolerance which will help reduce the reaction  may experience. In the end, this will be a great help to your gum health.

Your Flossing Technique Needs Work

Another cause of the irritation can happen from how you are flossing. Forcing the floss into your gums for too long of a period can lead to damage to your gums. Take your time and carefully floss between your teeth and into your gums. Too much pressure or snapping the floss can bring about pain and may lead to bleeding. If you find yourself thinking “why are my teeth hurting when flossing?” and lose the desire to follow through with your oral plan, don’t quit! There are alternatives to regular dental floss. A water pik is another tool that you can use to get rid of debris in the gums and teeth for a healthy smile. Using a water pik could be a great alternative if you find yourself struggling to find the right hand placements with traditional floss. 

You may Suffer from Gum Disease

An potential sign of gum disease is that your gums may bleed when flossing. Another sign may be pain while flossing or brushing your teeth. Gum disease, also know as periodontal disease, can happen from plaque buildup beneath the gum line. If you catch gum disease early enough you can help treat it with proper flossing and brushing and regular dental visits. It is important to tackle this problem as soon as possible to prevent it from becoming a more serious condition.

Your Teeth or Gums are Sensitive

Tooth sensitivity can happen when the outer layer of your teeth, the enamel, is stripped. Brushing too hard or using a firm toothbrush can cause our teeth to become more sensitive. This type of tooth sensitivity, also known as dentin hypersensitivity, has several symptoms associated with it. One of the underlying symptoms includes pain while flossing your teeth. It is important to that we make sure to take extra care when flossing with sensitive teeth.

There can be several reasons why your teeth hurt when flossing. If you believe to be experiencing an irregular amount of discomfort while flossing, be sure to set up an appointment with your Dentist and share your concerns about your gum health.

by Seaglass Dental Care

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The Best Ways To Avoid Five Common Dental Problems

Sound oral health is a basic requirement to your overall good physical wellbeing. It also helps you display a beautiful, energetic and attractive smile, which in turn boosts your mental health. But not many people in this world are blessed with faultless dental health naturally. The majority of people suffer from one oral health issue or other, some of the commonest problems include:

Sore mouth

Bad breath

Oral cavities 

Tooth sensitivity and

Periodontal diseases

An experienced dentist in Dulwich assures, each of these issues can be easily resolved, provided one is conscious and willing enough. Most people prefer to keep these problems under wraps, instead of bringing those out in the open for discussion and seek help. Here are some helpful tips to overcome these problems.

Sore mouth: In the world of dentistry, the problem is known as stomatitis and can affect any part of your mouth, including the inner cheeks and lips, tongue and even gums. Usually, it is caused by a sharp edge of a tooth or a partially broken tooth.  You’ll be prescribed balms and medicated mouthwash to cure the ulceration. Use brushes with softer bristles and apply the right brushing strategy to avoid this problem. 

Bad breath: The technical term is halitosis and is one of the most common oral health issues. It results from presence of some harmful bacteria in the mouth. As a home remedy, maintain proper dental hygiene by properly brushing and flossing the teeth. Increase your daily water intake and have a sip or two as often as possible. Chew sugar-free gums and avoid sugary foods and drinks. Switch your diet to fresh fruits, milk and green vegetables. If the problem persists, book an appointment with your oral healthcare provider.

Tooth decay: This particular dental problem is also called dental cavities. The problem affects myriads of people all over the world from all possible age groups. Many people have this misconception that cavities in the tooth occur only because of having excessive ice creams, candies and chocolates, which is a complete misconception. Cavities can form because of many factors. To prevent their formation, you should brush and floss the teeth every day to avoid or breakdown plaque build-up from their surface.

Tooth sensitivity: This is another typical problem in which you suffer from unpleasant sensitivity in the teeth while having something hot, cold, sweet or sour. The problem occurs when the enamel covering of the tooth wears away, leaving the inner dentin layer exposed. Do not ignore this issue and visit your dentist promptly to seek solution. Else, in course of time, the problem will only go deeper, increasing your suffering. You may also use de-sensitising toothpaste for the purpose. 

Periodontal diseases: This is another common dental problem and is commonly called  gum infection. Tartar buildup in the teeth along a course of time solidifies into plaque formation. Harmful bacteria present in the plaque buildup keep irritating the gums, leading to gingivitis. At this stage the problem is easily curable and there’s no irreversible damage made to your  gums. However, when the issue escalates further, gingivitis turns to periodontitis. This condition is not easy to cure and it can even pull your teeth away from the gum line, leading you to teeth loss.

In order to avoid all these challenges to your dental health, visit your dentist regularly.

by Dulwich Dental Office

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Why Do I Have So Many Dental Problems?

One frustrating phrase that we hear from patients is, “ Why do I have so many cavities?” The other that we hear is, “Why do I need so much gum therapy?” When you hear that you have cavities or gum disease those are indeed reasonable questions. So, let me explain why….

If your diet is high in sugars, as most American diets are, then you are more susceptible to tooth decay and gum disease. The sugars can come from the food we eat, the drinks we drink, the sugars we add to our drinks, the gum that we chew and the suckers that we suck on. Sugars are the fuel for the bugs that cause our dental problems (thus the term “sugar bugs” for our pediatric patients).

It is interesting to note that some people fight the bacteria that cause gum disease and cavities quite well. Some folks fend off the gum disease bugs fine, but don’t fight off the cavity bugs too well. And, finally, there are those who have great natural defenses against tooth decay, but are not able to battle gum disease bugs.

I often use blood pressure and diabetes as an example of ills that affect some people and not others. Allergies can be included in this group as well. If you have a propensity for tooth decay and/or gum disease, then we have to work harder to prevent problems in your mouth. That is no different than any other disease or affliction.

You have probably figured out by now that the bacteria that cause cavities are different bugs than the bacteria that cause gum disease. You are correct. But, the bottom line is that sugar intake in any form will disrupt the natural balance of both the good and the bad bacteria in your mouth. When the bad bugs begin to proliferate and overtake the good bugs cavities and gum disease begin to be a problem.

I have been practicing dentistry for over 25 years. Over that time I have seen hundreds and thousands of dental patients. After all of those years, I still marvel at the fact that each and every one of us is truly different. We are so very unique.

If you grasp that fact then you can better understand that even if we have similar diets, with similar sugar intake, some people might be more readily susceptible to tooth decay than others. And, on the other side of the coin, some folks might fight off those sugar bugs better than others. It is the same for gum disease.

At Artistic Dentistry of Atlanta we treat every patient as an individual. If you have gum disease or lots of cavities we not only treat the problem, but we work with you to figure out why you have the problem. Then we go one step further and develop an individualized plan to help eliminate and control your tooth decay and your gum disease.

You are indeed unique; you have been dealt your own special hand in the card game of life. If dental problems exist we are here to help you understand your problems and find solutions. We want you to have the opportunity to keep your teeth and gums healthy for a lifetime.

by Peter V. Vanstrom, DDS, PC

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How To Cure Gum Disease Fast?

Also known as gingivitis in its earlier stages, and periodontal disease in its later stages, gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the gums and the bone surrounding the teeth. Gum disease could range from a simple case of bleeding gums to severe cases of bone loss and gum recession. It may affect one or several teeth and may range from gingivitis (inflammation of the gum tissue) to periodontitis (loss of the bone that anchors the teeth). When you realize that you have gum disease, you will probably start wondering about how to treat gum disease.  There are several gum disease treatment methods, including home remedies and medical options. Your dentist Bolton can help you choose the ideal treatment option to treat any stage of gum disease. In Canada, gum disease is more common than you might think. Statistics indicate that 47.2% of people of 30 years and above have a form of gum disease.

The risk of developing gum disease increases with age. In fact, 70.1% of people aged 65 years and above have gum disease in Canada. Home remedies for periodontal disease are safe to use. However, you should seek medical attention before using the home remedies if you have a medical condition, are pregnant, or are breastfeeding. If your situation doesn’t improve with the home remedies or if you experience pain and bleeding, you should seek immediate treatment.

Common Gum Disease Risk Factors

In many cases, signs of gum disease do not appear until the disease is well established. Therefore, you may have gum disease and not show any symptoms. It is important to understand the common risk factors for gum diseases to help you stay alert. You may be at a higher or lower risk of gum disease based on your lifestyle, genetics, diet, and other routine factors. Below are the common risk factors for gum disease:

Tobacco Use and Smoking – Many studies reveal that smoking and using tobacco could significantly increase your gum disease risk.

Hormones – Research indicates that certain hormones associated with pregnancy, puberty, and menopause could increase a woman’s risk of gum disease. During these times, a woman should pay extra attention to her oral care.

Genetics – If you have a history of gum disease or your family members have gum disease; you are more susceptible to the disease. Therefore, you should visit a dentist regularly and pay close attention to your oral care.

Stress – High-stress levels could make it hard for the body to fight infections, including gum disease.

Medical Conditions – Certain medical conditions like diabetes are associated with a higher risk of gum disease. Treatments like chemotherapy or treatments for other conditions like AIDS and cancer could increase your risk of periodontal disease. Illnesses compromise your immunity and make you more susceptible to gum disease.

Family History – Some people are more prone to gum disease due to their heredity. You might be at an increased risk of gum disease if some of your family members suffered from the disease.

Medication –Taking certain medications that dry your mouth and increase your tartar buildup could put you at a higher risk of gum disease. Medications that could put you at a higher risk of gum disease include steroids, oral contraceptives, anticonvulsants, chemotherapy, and medications for high blood pressure.

Crooked teeth, broken fillings, and dental appliances that do not fit properly could also put you at a higher risk of gum disease. It is important to visit a dentist regularly, especially if you know that you are at a high risk of gum disease.

What Is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammation of your gums that results from a bacterial infection. If you fail to seek prompt treatment, the condition may worsen, causing a more severe condition known as periodontitis. There are several gingivitis stages ranging from mild to severe. Both gingivitis and periodontitis are major causes of tooth loss. Severe gum infection puts both your health and money at stake; the more advanced a dental condition, the more expensive it is to treat. Seeking timely treatment before gingivitis progresses to periodontitis could save you a lot of hassle.

How To Avoid Gingivitis

The first-line treatment option for gingivitis is practicing good oral hygiene before moving to other home remedies. Home remedies won’t work if you aren’t taking good care of your teeth and gums. Below are ways in which you can avoid gingivitis:

Brush your teeth regularly ( twice per day); if you can manage, brush your teeth after every meal.

Maximize your cleaning potential by opting for an electric toothbrush

The toothbrush you use needs to have soft or extra-soft bristles to avoid bruising your inflamed gums

Ensure you replace your toothbrush after every three months

Use a natural mouthwash

Floss daily

Limit your sugar intake

Try to visit your dentist at least once every year

Refrain from chewing or smoking tobacco

Maintaining good oral hygiene is a proven way of avoiding gingivitis and other dental problems. You could embrace using a conventional saline water rinse after cleaning your teeth.

Periodontitis and Gingivitis Symptoms

Many people rarely realize that they have gum disease until it is too late. Most people have gum disease without showing any gum infection symptoms. There are several typical gingivitis signs that you should look for in your daily routine. If you notice any of the outlined signs, you should do something about your gum health.

Gums that are tender, swollen, or red

Your gums bleed whenever you brush or floss your teeth

You have receding gums, or gums that have pulled away from the teeth

Your teeth are loose

You have a malocclusion or a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

Collection of pus between your teeth and gums

Sensitive teeth

Experiencing pain while chewing

Your partial dentures no longer fit

A persistent smelly breath that doesn’t fade even if you brush your teeth

A bad taste in your mouth

Heightened tooth sensitivity to cold or hot foods could indicate that you have an underlying gum condition

It’s important to note that gum disease symptoms are likely to appear when the disease is well-established. Therefore, it is possible that you have gingivitis or periodontitis even if you do not notice any of the outlined symptoms.

How to Prevent Gum Disease?

You can prevent gum disease by practicing proper and consistent oral hygiene that includes:

Visiting your dentist regularly – Visiting a dentist regularly allows him or her to identify the early signs of gum disease. In its early stages, gum disease does not have any symptoms. The only way to spot a gum infection in the early stages is through a dental exam.

Cleaning your teeth regularly – You should brush your teeth twice a day or preferably after every meal. Ensure that you use fluoride toothpaste whenever you brush your teeth.

Flossing daily – If food particles get between the teeth, it might be difficult to remove them through brushing. Flossing helps you remove food particles lodged between your teeth.

Sticking to a balanced diet.

How to Diagnose Gum Disease?

The treatment for gum disease is aimed at removing bacterial deposits and plaque from the teeth and gums. The treatment can be either surgical or non-surgical. Patients can benefit from various home remedies for the treatment of gum disease. When determining the ideal treatment, the dentist considers how far the gum disease has progressed.

Cleaning your teeth

By keeping your teeth and gums clean, you can significantly reduce the number of bacteria in your mouth. Your dentist will advise you on how to brush and floss properly. The dentist may also recommend other teeth cleaning procedures like mouthwash and water pick. Below are teeth cleaning tips to prevent gum disease:

Brush your teeth twice daily.

Electric toothbrush is more effective so it’s recommended to use one.

Remove plaque by flossing once daily.

Visit your dentist for professional teeth cleaning twice a year.

Don’t chew or smoke tobacco.


Your dentist may recommend surgical treatment if gum inflammation persists in areas that are hard to access through brushing and flossing. Through a flap surgery procedure, the dentist will access and clean the deposits beneath your gums. The dentist will conduct this procedure under local anesthesia by lifting away the gums and cleaning the tooth roots. The dentist then stitches the gum back into place.


In some cases, your dentist may recommend antibiotics as a treatment for gum disease. The dentist is likely to recommend antibiotics if you have a persistent gum infection that doesn’t respond to cleanings and home remedies. Medications used for gum treatment may be in the form of gel, mouthwash, capsules, or oral tablets. Chlorhexidine is an antimicrobial medication used in controlling gingivitis and plaque in the mouth. The medication is often applied in the periodontal pockets. Other antibiotics that come in handy in treating gum disease include tetracycline, doxycycline, and minocycline, also known as Arestin. Your dentist will determine the right medication to treat gum disease.

Home remedies

Home remedies for the treatment of gum disease include:

Salt-water treatment – A study conducted in 2016 revealed that using saltwater to rinse your mouth is effective in soothing and healing inflamed gums. Salt serves as a natural disinfectant that comes in handy in helping the body heal itself. Saltwater treats gingivitis by:

Soothing inflamed gums

Helping soothe pain

Reducing bacteria

Removing food particles from the teeth and gums

Releasing bad breath

How should you prepare a salt solution to use as a mouth rinse?

Add salt, ½ to ¾ teaspoon, into a glass of lukewarm water and stir

Swish the salt solution in your mouth regularly for around 30 seconds

Spit out the salt solution

Repeat this procedure two or three times daily

Tea Tree Oil

A study conducted in 2020 revealed that tea tree oil mouthwash is effective in the treatment of gingivitis. Here’s what you should do to use the tea tree oil mouthwash:

Put two to three drops of tea tree oil in a cup and add warm water

Swish the mouthwash in your mouth for around thirty seconds

Spit out the solution

Repeat this procedure two to three times a day

You may also add a drop or two of tea tree oil to your toothpaste while brushing your teeth. Use a highly diluted tea tree oil mouthwash while using the solution for the first time. Using very high concentrations of tea tree oil could cause mild burning, rash, or allergic reactions. You should also be careful if you are on certain medication because tea tree oil could react with herbs, certain drugs, dietary supplements.

When is it Recommended to See a Dentist

You have a chance of making a quick and full recovery if you treat your gingivitis as soon as possible. If you leave gingivitis untreated for long periods, it might cause serious damage to your teeth. It could also cause other health complications. Below are signs that you should see a dentist:

Bad breath

Gums that bleed a lot

Tooth pain or persistent sensitivity

Visibly inflamed or swollen gums

When you visit your dentist, the dentist may clean your teeth or refer you to a periodontist. In some instances, the dentist may prescribe antibiotics or mouthwash. The dentist may also teach you to use several dental products and tools to keep your gums healthy. Your dentist Bolton may also call you for additional cleaning and further guidance on practicing good oral hygiene.  In some rare cases, surgery may be necessary to treat gum disease.

How Long Does it Usually Take to Get Rid of Gingivitis?

The signs of gingivitis will start to improve after a few days of treatments. However, it may take some time for the symptoms to fade completely. Usually, it takes between 10 and 14 days to clear the symptoms of gingivitis completely. It might take longer to treat your gingivitis if it is more serious. After gingivitis treatment, it is important to ensure that you take charge of your dental health to prevent the condition from recurring. Makes sure to stay in close contact with your dentist if you are at a high risk of gingivitis.

by Smiles On Queen Dentistry

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What to do When a Toothache Erupts

One may argue that identifying pain as intense, uncomfortable, and activity-altering as a toothache can prove challenging. Tooth pain often renders simple efforts, such as speaking, eating, or even opening one’s mouth difficult. When such hurt emerges, the only concern often is to just simply find relief.

Unfortunately, however, tooth maladies don’t always occur during the business hours that dental care providers follow. That said, there are specific actions afflicted patients can execute before or until they can obtain professional assistance.

Steps To Take When A Toothache Strikes

Assess The Underlying Cause

Tooth or oral discomfort could be symptomatic of several underlying causes. Granted, without the diagnosis from a dental care professional, we can’t diagnose what’s happening in our own mouths. However, we may be able to gauge the issue’s severity based upon the associated physical manifestations.

Common issues, include dental infections like abscesses, cavities, a chipped or cracked tooth, or pain resulting from bruxism, which is the continual grinding of one’s teeth.

All mouth pain lingering for more than a couple of days should warrant dental care. Certain ailments like infections or abscesses are often more serious because they can spread and cause major, dangerous illnesses in other bodily regions.

Therefore, if the pain is extremely severe, or is accompanied by occurrences, such as swelling, discomfort extending to other portions of the face or neck, and fever, emergency treatment should be sought.

Home Care Steps

Luckily, there are certain endeavors tooth pain victims can perform prior to meeting with a dental provider including:

Apply Ice

Ice packs or cold compresses applied to the face over the impacted tooth might prove effective in alleviating associated pain and swelling. That said, the individual in question is urged not to place ice directly atop the stricken tooth or gums. Oral care professionals suggest that such action often intensifies the discomfort.

Rinse Mouth Using Saltwater

Warm saltwater has proven fruitful in easing the pain associated with dental infections. Salt’s anti-bacterial properties might kill infection-causing pathogens and keep the surrounding area clean.


Garlic contains anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. Therefore, certain dental professionals tout the pungent plant’s ability to provide pain relief and bring swelling down.

Over-The-Counter Medications

Common anti-inflammatory and pain-alleviating preparation commonly found inside supermarkets and drug store chains might deliver temporary help. Additionally, certain topical pain-inhibiting products available without prescription might yield favorable results.

Pain Prevention Techniques

Tooth discomfort and the problems causing the ailment might be avoided by adhering to the following practices:

Maintaining Proper Oral Hygiene

Optimal oral hygiene is a major key to preventing dental disorders. Individuals are implored to brush at least twice per day, floss between meals, use mouthwash, and receive professional evaluations once or twice a year.

Consuming A Nutritious Diet

Oral care providers encourage their patients to consume nutritious, tooth-friendly foods like vegetables and limit their sugar intake.

Limiting Bad Vices

Habits like cigarette smoking and immoderate alcohol intake could damage the teeth and gums. These products contain chemicals that can stain and erode oral components and exacerbate existing underlying conditions.

Final Considerations

Even relatively minor issues could produce significant problems eating and speaking. Moreover, if left unchecked, less serious oral health maladies could quickly turn into significant ailments. Therefore, the preceding fixes are only temporary solutions and should not substitute for receiving a complete oral care assessment

by Midway Family and Cosmetic Dentistry

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Getting New Teeth: Seven Key Benefits of Dental Implants

It’s important to do research before opting for dental implants and smile solutions.

Oral diseases affect at least 3.58 billion people worldwide. Globally, 2.4 billion suffer from permanent teeth caries, or cavities. If a tooth gets knocked out or you need to replace a decayed tooth, dental implants provide an easy solution. 

Are you thinking about getting new teeth? Dental implants can replace single or multiple missing teeth. Either way, you can fill that gap in your mouth to complete your smile. It’s highly recommended to seek dental expertise from the dentist in chesapeake to find out what’s best for you.

Still unsure about getting implants? Keep reading to discover the seven key benefits of getting new teeth. After reading this guide, you’re bound to start smiling!

1. They Behave like Natural Teeth

One of the main benefits of getting new teeth is that they restore your chewing abilities. Dental implants behave exactly like your natural teeth. In fact, it’s difficult to tell the difference between your natural teeth and implants.

Since there’s no major difference between the two, you won’t have a difficult time chewing.

Instead, you can eat all of your favorite foods again!

Leaving a gap, however, can cause you discomfort. You might also find it’s difficult to chew certain foods, such as crisp apples or meat. 

With dental implants, you can eat normally. Afterward, you’ll need to brush and floss normally as well! Either way, you’re restoring normal function, so chewing no longer has to feel awkward. 

Some tooth replacements, such as a dental bridge, will only last temporarily. Your dental implants, on the other hand, will last a lifetime. 

Most implants are made from titanium. They’re also integrated with your jawbone. Since implants are biocompatible, you won’t have to worry about your body rejecting it. 

Instead, your body will think it’s just another natural tooth!

2. Prevent Bone Loss

Where you’re missing a tooth, your jawbone in that empty space will lack stimulation. This can cause deterioration over time. It’s important to place an implant in this gap within the first year of losing the tooth.

Otherwise, the bone area will begin to lose volume. The bone loss will continue long after that as well. 

Dentures can even accelerate bone loss as they rub against the bony ridge, wearing it away. Implants, on the other hand, replace the root and the tooth. As a result, getting new teeth will provide the stimulation your jaw needs for natural bone growth. 

3. Implants Remain Adjacent Teeth Stable

About 3 million people in the United States have dental implants. Meanwhile, another 500,000 implants are placed each year. As one of these patients, whole mouth dental implants can ensure your teeth remain stable. 

When you’re missing a tooth, it can cause adjacent teeth to shift towards the gap. This can move your teeth out of position and leave them looking crooked. When your teeth shift, it can also affect your bite, chewing ability, and appearance. 

This shift can even make tooth replacement more difficult later on. 

When your bite isn’t straight, it can cause issues with the temporomandibular joint, leading to pain and headaches. 

By getting new teeth, you can keep your teeth stable and properly aligned.

4. Remain Free of Gum Disease

When there’s too much space between your teeth, food and bacteria can hide away in the gap. That’s why it’s so important for you to brush and floss every day. Otherwise, that food and bacteria will contribute to plaque buildup.

Over time, plaque hardens, becoming tartar. You’ll need a dentist’s help to remove the tartar from your teeth. If you don’t remove it, tartar can eventually lead to gum disease.

Instead of leaving your teeth and gums at risk, consider getting dental implants.

The implants will fill in the gaps. That way, you won’t have to worry about bacteria buildup. Of course, you’ll still need to brush and floss daily!

5. Avoid Facial Sagging

One of the benefits of dental implants is how they improve your appearance. 

Dental implants preserve bone. As a result, they also help prevent further deterioration of your facial structure. Otherwise, your body will sense there’s nothing left in the jawbone to stimulate bone growth.

When this happens, your body will think your body is no longer needed to support your teeth. Then, your jawbone will deteriorate, taking your facial structure with it. As a result, your lips and lower face will begin to shrivel inward. 

This can cause you to develop wrinkles around the mouth, making you look far older than you are.

By getting new teeth, you can keep your facial structure intact and wrinkles at bay.

Even one tooth can have a long-term impact on your overall appearance. By getting whole mouth dental implants, you can prevent bone defects and maintain your perfect smile. 

Otherwise, you might start prematurely aging.

6. Restore Your Self-Esteem & Confidence

Our appearance can impact our self-confidence. Dental implants can make you feel better about yourself. Instead of worrying about the gap in your teeth, you can eat, smile, and laugh without shying away. 

At the same time, you can also stay worry- and pain-free.

Remember, dental implants look and act like real teeth. 

By getting new teeth, you can straighten your smile without letting your new teeth negatively impact your life. Instead, you’ll feel comfortable in everyday situations, just as you were before!

7. Get Immediate Results

Some procedures require regular appointments, which can become time-consuming. Having to return to the dentist throughout the year can also become costly.

If you develop gingivitis due to a gap in your teeth, you’ll need to schedule those regular, costly appointments to repair the damage.

By getting new teeth, you won’t have to worry about all that! Instead, dental implants are quick and easy. You’ll need to speak with your dentist to determine how long it will take.

However, most dental implants only require one procedure. 

by Healthy Voyager

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How to get strong and healthy teeth

It is important to take of your teeth. Oral hygiene is not only essential for a great smile but also to avoid other medical conditions like bone loss, gum infection and stroke. There is more to dental hygiene than brushing. You must be brushing your teeth twice a day but it is not enough. Proper diet, tongue care and use of fluoride contribute to healthy, strong teeth. There are some basic rules you must follow to keep your teeth away from dental problems away. This guide will tell you how to get healthy and strong teeth.

1. Use fluoride

Look for a toothpaste that contains fluoride as this mineral will help prevent the cavities and harden tooth enamel. Apart from toothpaste, some dental treatment products and mouthwash also contain fluoride. Consult your doctor for a suitable fluoride containing product.

2. Use dental floss

Brushing your teeth twice a day is not sufficient. You need to floss your teeth or use a god interdental brush. Move the floss up and down slowly while flossing. It is advisable to floss your teeth once a day at night.

3. Get your teeth cleaned by your dentist

You should get your teeth cleaned by a dentist once every six months or a year. This will allow the dentist to catch any abnormalities or formation of cavity at an earlier stage. Cleaning will also make your gums strong and healthy.

4. Brush your tongue

Brushing your will not only keep your teeth healthy but will also remove the bacteria from your mouth. You can sue a toothbrush with tongue cleaner. Tongue cleaning is also effective in getting rid of bad breath.

5. Avoid acidic drink

Your drinks can affect your teeth. Drinking soda, soft drinks and packaged fruit juice can result in tooth decay. Drink water, fresh fruit juice and milk to make your teeth stronger.

by Chethana Prakasan

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